Relations tips pdf

public relations managers to take leadership roles in advising the top levels of their organizations. We follow that discussion with a look inside the top level of the Home Depot Corporation. Finally, Chapter 12 'Best Practices for Excellence in Public Relations' sums up the book by illustrating the best practices for excellent public relations. Answer: For answer and detailed solutions, download Blood Relations Free PDF. RRB Officer Scale I Prelims Free Mock. RRB Clerk Prelims 2020 & SBI Clerk Mains- Syllogism Basics, Tips & Tricks, Examples & Practice Questions – Download Free PDF. Download Blood Relations PDF – Expert Tips & Expected Questions. Question 6: How is H related to D? a. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Relations must be embraced by organizations that follow the corporate sustainability model. From aninternal/external perspective, stakeholders, employees, and the public must communicate effectively, efficiently, and on a timely basis in order to enhance their positive interaction and attain the Below are some tips that can get you started. Relationships come with ups and downs. Don’t expect to be happy all the time. Be open to disappointments, too, and use them as an opportunity to ... During a union-organizing campaign, business leaders will naturally come to HR for guidance. They need a firm understanding of the basic communication expectations. Here are seven leadership behaviors you should implement to foster positive employee relations: 1. Carefully select employees and quickly build a relationship with them Don’t just evaluate candidates for skills. Consider the candidate’s values as well by asking questions about how they handled peer and management interactions at other jobs. “Public relations is the attempt by information persuasion and adjustment to engineer public support for an activity, cause, movement or institution.” - Edward L. Bernays “Public Relations is a combination of philosophy, sociology, economics, language, psychology, journalism, communication and other knowledges into a system of human Community relations is back in style, helping organizations grow meaningful roots deep into their local communities. Whether you call it community investment, public participation or community relations, we’ve put together a bunch of tips and resources to inspire you and help you get even better results from your community engagement strategies and programs. Start with our list of 101 public relations examples, strategies, and tips. Public Relations (PR) helps build and maintain positive public image of your business to the public. At the heart of this form of communication lies effective dialogue.

The Abduction and Murder of Amber Hagerman

2020.09.24 06:13 TheMidnightArchive The Abduction and Murder of Amber Hagerman

A Trip to The Grocery Store
The late winter in Texas is a mild time usually, with steady wind and a biting chill in the air. The season is one of change, the life force of the previous year is fading away to succumb to a newness imbued by the heat of the Spring and Summer. January 12th, 1996 in Arlington, Texas was no different, the sun was shining, the wind was steady, and the temperature hovered around the mid-sixties. On this day Donna Whitson and her two children, nine-year-old Amber and five-year-old Ricky Hagerman were in Arlington visiting Donna’s parents, Glenda and Jimmie Whitson. The family arrived at their destination around 3pm and upon disembarking Donna’s car the kids asked to ride their bikes, the ones that Donna had her parents keep at their home for them. Donna, without a second thought, assented to the request with the limitation that the kids stay within a block of their grandparents’ home. She wanted them to be safe.
Once astride their bicycles and away from nagging adults, Amber disregarded the boundary set upon her and her brother. Amber led Ricky to the local neighborhood play spot, a shuttered Winn-Dixie grocery store and after approximately 15 minutes of riding around the parking lot and loading dock the younger Ricky was ready to turn back home, whether out of fear of being beyond their boundary or being tired is unknown. What is known is that Amber had elected to stay and ride her bike around the parking lot of the store on her own for a while longer, that Ricky went home alone, and that in the intervening time something horrible would happen to Amber that would shape substance and conscious of the her family forever.
On January 12th, Mr. Jim Kevil was sitting on his back porch looking out over his yard and fence, a view that happened to encompass the next-door Winn-Dixie store’s loading dock and the street it was on. Around 3:15 pm Mr. Kevil saw a lone young girl riding a colorful bike around the grocery store loading dock when a dark colored truck quickly pulled into the parking lot. Jim Kevil would later state that the driver of the truck was either white or Hispanic and between the ages of 25-40, this unknown subject grabbed Amber, who let out a scream and began kicking her abductor. The driver then put Amber in his vehicle before he sped off West bound down Abrams Road. Not just a passive witness, Mr. Kevil called 911 to report the incident to the police and to try to aid in the capture of the kidnapper and the return of the little girl. This would be the last time that anyone would see Amber Hagerman alive.
After arriving home alone five-year-old Ricky Hagerman was sent by his family back to the Winn-Dixie to retrieve his sister. Turning his bike around Ricky did as requested, only to return to an empty parking lot. Only a brief eight minutes had elapsed since he had last seen his sister, but it was too late; Amber was gone. Ricky once again arrived alone to the Whitson home prompting Grandfather Jimmie Whitson to race to the store in his car to search for Amber himself. Jimmie would arrive at the store at about the same time as an Arlington police officer, summoned by Jim Kevil’s 911 call did; the only remnant of Amber was her abandoned bicycle.
Law Enforcement, including the local police and the FBI (involved as a result of the pleas of Amber’s distraught family), coupled with a mass of volunteers began a wide net search for the missing girl, but came up empty. Amber had vanished.
Discovery
January 16, 1996 is a day that Amber’s family will never forget. Four days after she had been taken by an unidentified male from that Winn-Dixie parking lot, Amber Hagerman’s body was discovered in the early morning hours by an anonymous man walking his dog near the Forest Hills Apartment Complex in Arlington, Texas. Her body was found face down in a creek approximately 4 miles from her abduction site. Prior to this, apartment maintenance workers had been in that area and seen nothing, suggesting that the remains were either placed there after the workers had left or moved down stream by a torrential rainstorm that had just occurred. Amber’s family was informed shortly after the discovery, shocked they initially refused to believe the news with her father quoted in a New York Times article written at the time as saying, “She’s still alive” to the reporters covering the case and camped outside the Whitson home.
Amber was discovered wearing nothing but a single sock and the medical examiner would later confirm investigators suspicions, there was evidence of sexual assault and physical abuse, the cause of death: lacerations to the neck and throat. Additionally, the medical examiner stated that there was evidence that Amber had been kept alive for at least two days after her abduction before she was murdered, and her body disposed of.
Investigation Still Ongoing
More than 20 years later the investigation is still technically ongoing, to date the Arlington Police Department (APD) has not formally announced that they have any suspects or persons of interest. APD Detective Ben Lopez stated in a recent interview that the APD still receives tips regularly regarding the case and the department thoroughly investigates each one like it could be the piece of the puzzle that finally gives Amber’s family closure and justice.
An explanation of this unsolved murder most likely lies in the fact that Amber’s body was left in running water for an indeterminate amount of time, coupled with the storm that raised the creek level and most likely moved the body from the dump site, forensic evidence would have been all but erased and any physical evidence diluted or washed away. Not helping the investigation is the fact that there is only one witness to the crime: Jim Kevil was the sole person to come forward with information regarding the abduction, despite the fact that Amber was taken in broad daylight on a residential street. To date no one else has come forward with evidence or statements to aid in the apprehension of the unknown subject. Some reports assert that this is a result of the immigrant community in the area and the traditional apprehension of this population in talking to law enforcement thought that remains unsubstantiated speculation.
It is believed that Amber’s abductor and murderer was a stranger to her given that he took her by force and did not attempt to talk her into his vehicle. With this, I agree with the official narrative. Where I differ is on why Amber was taken. Based on the speed at which the abduction occurred it suggests to me that Amber may have been watched for some time before being taken. As stated previously Amber Hagerman was abducted in a window of approximately 8 minutes from when her brother left and then returned to bring her home. The official narrative is that this was an act of extreme opportunity when the perpetrator just happened to be driving by when he saw her alone. This would suggest that there was an event that triggered sporadic actions in the perpetrator, to quote a popular television show there must have been a stressor that induced this action.
Regardless of the why, the fact of the matter is that Amber Hagerman’s killer is still at large. He has gone unpunished for his heinous actions against this innocent little girl and by extension her family. As a result of chance and a fluke of nature no evidence or additional witnesses remain of what happened on that fateful winter day. Amber’s killer is nameless, and her family is left with no closure or answers, only questions and heartache.
Possible Suspects
Richard Lee Franks
Richard Lee Franks was charged on March 16, 2000 with the aggravated kidnapping of Opal Jo Jennings from Saginaw, a town a few miles north of Fort Worth. On March 26, 1999 6-year-old Opal was playing with her 3-year-old cousin in a vacant lot next to her grandparent’s house when Franks pulled up to the lot in his black Mercury Cougar. He then exited his vehicle and approached the kids feigning conversation with them. When Franks was close enough, he plucked Opal off the ground, punched her in the chest and put her in his car. What happened next was not unlike in Amber’s case, a large-scale search was launched for Opal led by her family and the local police department, it would not be for five years that Opal would be found. Her remains were discovered in a wooded area while two individuals were riding their horses along a remote trail. As a result of the state in which the remains were found, there was little physical or forensic evidence. What was clear was that the cause of death was most likely the result of a blow to the head. Franks would later be charged with Opal’s kidnapping but not her murder as there was no evidence to prove beyond the shadow of a doubt that Franks had indeed murdered her. In fact, he claimed that he had driven her to a local store to get a drink and left her there. What lends credence to Franks as a potential suspect is the similarity between Amber and Opal, and the way that they were taken. Both were seemingly impulse driven abductions based on the speed in which they occurred.
This link between Opal and Amber was not solely based on the research of internet sleuths. Mark Simpson, an investigating officer in the Hagerman case in an address to the National Children’s Advocacy Center’s 26 Annual National Symposium on Child Abuse to the fact that Franks had prior criminal history involving children, all young, brown haired girls and that Opal’s kidnaping occurred in the same county as Amber’s. Based on proximity, prior history, and similarity in method at the very least one could expect that APD would investigate Franks as a person of interest however, that has not been the case.
Terapon Adhahn
Born in Bangkok, Thailand. Terapon immigrated to the United States as a child when his mother married a U.S. serviceman and he returned to the United States. As he grew older Terapon would become a Buddhist monk as well as follow in his stepfather’s footsteps and join the U.S. Army. Adhahn has been connected to (either directly as the known perpetrator or suspected) multiple offenses, both resolved or unresolved, against children throughout Washington State including rape, kidnapping, and murder. He has also been questioned in connection the Amber Hagerman case by APD though has not been named as an official suspect.
In 1990 Adhahn was charged with sexual assault against a 16-year-old relative. This charge would result in him being forced to register as a sex offender and enter rehabilitation but as a first offense was not enough for him to be deported.
On May 31, 2000 an 11-year-old unnamed (for reasons of privacy) Spanaway County Girl was abducted on her way to school. She was bound and taken to a secluded training field close to the Fort Lewis Military Base where she was repeatedly assaulted over the course of an hour. After the assaults Adhahn left her bound on a road nearby where she would be discovered walking, still bound with her eyes taped over, by a Tacoma City Police Officer.
In December 2005, Adre’anna Jackson would also be abducted on her way to school, she disappeared from Lakewood in Pierce County, Washington and was never seen again. Over a year later, April 2006, skeletal remains were found in a field near her Tillicum neighborhood. Investigators showed pictures of Adhahn to residents who identified him as a known handyman who frequently worked in the area. He is regarded as a person of interest in this case.
On July 4, 2007 Zina Linnik had been watching a firework display with her siblings on a hilltop near her home when her father, Mikhail Linnik, on his back porch presumably also watching the display, heard his daughter cry out. When he arrived at the spot that Zina was taken all that was left was a single shoe she had been wearing, Mikhail also saw a gray Chevy Astro van speeding away and he was able to partially make out the license plate. Four days alter Terapon Adhahn was arrested for the kidnapping of Zina. However, this speedy apprehension was not enough, on condition of prosecution not seeking the death penalty, Adhahn led investigators to the remains of young Zina Linnik. She had been strangled with a zip tie though Adhahn would claim that her death had been an accident.
Additionally, while living in the Tacoma area, Adhahn was responsible for the care of an unnamed (again for the sake of privacy) 12-year-old girl. Her mother allowed the girl to live with Adhahn since she was unable to provide for her daughter, Adhahn only a “friend of her mother’s boyfriend”. Over the course of the next three years Adhahn would subject the young girl to repeated sexual assault, stopping only when she was able to run away after being assaulted at gun point.
Why Terapon Adhahn? It has been reported that, coupled with his extensive and horrendous history with children, Terapon lived for a time with his aunt in the Fort Worth area around 1996. During the investigation, law enforcement noticed striking similarities in the method of kidnapping, assault, and victims in the Adhahn case and with a few officers having been trained in Texas for the Amber Alert System, were familiar with the Hagerman case. Additionally, he used a similar vehicle in the Fort Lewis incident as was seen in Amber’s abduction. Terapon has been question regarding Amber's abduction and murder though not formally named as a suspect or even a person of interest.
Similar Cases
Heidi Seeman – San Antonio, Texas
On August 4, 1990 11-year-old Heidi Seeman was walking home from a sleep-over at a friend house the previous night. Her unnamed friend walked Heidi a part of the way home, to a midpoint between their houses at the intersection of Stahl road and Willow Run Street. Approaching the intersection Heidi’s friend as well as neighbors in the area reported seeing a red car with dark tinted windows pass by the girls slowly, and the driver watching them intently. Thinking nothing much of it, the girls parted ways and Heidi was never seen again. On August 25th, 1990 her remains were found in Hays County, Texas. No additional details were released regarding her death aside from the fact that a medical examiner ruled her death as a result of homicide.
Erica Botello – San Antonio, Texas
Closer in circumstance to Amber Hagerman, 7-year-old Erica Botello was taken on August 23, 1990 from the playground (or road next to depending on source) near her apartment complex. She was not unsupervised or alone the entire time she was playing. Erica was with her Father however he stepped inside for a brief time. When he went back outside, Erica was gone. Her remains would be found on August 25, 1990 in a storm drain about a mile from her home and abduction site. There is little information regarding Erica’s as she was and is eclipsed by the case of Heidi Seeman, a young white girl just a few years older than Erica, a girl of Hispanic dissent, from a wealthier side of San Antonio to the working class area that the Botello family lived in. Any information found on Erica is usually limited to brief sentences and always in tandem to Heidi.
Legacy and Aftermath
What happened to Amber Hagerman is not a mystery, it is known. She was taken from her family, held and assaulted over the course of two days, killed, and her body was disposed of in a creek not far from her abduction site. Her killer did all of these things without leaving any evidence, and slipped away. What isn't known is who did those things to her? Was it someone she knew? Had that person been watching her? Was this all really the result of chance and opportunity? One can hope that these questions, and more, will be answered one day but with each passing day the possibility that they never will be becomes all the more real.
It has been 24 years since Amber Hagerman was abducted and murdered yet her legacy lives on.
Amber’s abduction and murder was the impetus for the creation for the AMBER Alert System. This is a coordinated effort between law enforcement, radio, television, and cellphone broadcast systems to alert the general public in the region of an abduction to the incident and any information that law enforcement has on the abduction such as their physical description as well as the description of the vehicle they were last seen with. This system has resulted in the safe return of almost 1,000 children in the United States since its inception as a regional program in 1997, then national (and international) in 2000 however it is also under scrutiny for saving so few and being so annoying as an alert results in an alarm blaring through the device that receives it, and for saving so few. Critics question whether it saving just one life is worth it, is saving so few worth it?
I say yes.

Sources
Amber Hagerman
Arlington police mum about whether DNA evidence exist in unsolved Amber Hagerman case
CRIME HUNTER: Sleep interrupted? Think about Amber Hagerman Toronto Sun
[APD "Missing" flyer for Amber Haggerman, 1996] - Side 1 of 1 - The Portal to Texas History
AA28.pdf
Gale In Context: Biography - Document - Body of Kidnapped Texas Girl Is Found
Body of Girl Who Was Dragged Screaming Off Bicycle Is Found - Los Angeles Times
How Were Amber Alerts Created? The Amber Hagerman Cold Case - A&E
Child abuse symposium speaker tells of similar abduction/murder cases with different endings - al.com
Richard Lee Franks
Medical examiner: Remains are those of missing girl - Plainview Herald
Richard Lee Franks Texas Prison Inmates The Texas Tribune
FRANKS v. STATE FindLaw
Family prepares to bury girl who was abducted five years ago - Midland Reporter-Telegram
FBI, Texas Rangers investigating death of 6-year-old girl in Saginaw Fort Worth Star-Telegram
Terapon Adhahn
Adhahn pleads guilty to murder of Tacoma girl, 12 The Seattle Times
Killer of Tacoma child reveals motive in papers The Seattle Times
Terapon Adhahn pleads guilty to rape, murder of Zina Linnik HeraldNet.com
Child abduction-rape investigation widens - seattlepi.com
Heidi Seeman and Erica Botello
August marks 30 years since disappearances of Heidi Seeman, Erica Botello
1990 kidnapping, murder of two San Antonio girls still unsolved
submitted by TheMidnightArchive to UnresolvedMysteries [link] [comments]


2020.09.24 06:08 TheMidnightArchive The Abduction and Murder of Amber Hagerman

The Abduction and Murder of Amber Hagerman
A Trip to The Grocery Store
The late winter in Texas is a mild time usually, with steady wind and a biting chill in the air. The season is one of change, the life force of the previous year is fading away to succumb to a newness imbued by the heat of the Spring and Summer. January 12th, 1996 in Arlington, Texas was no different, the sun was shining, the wind was steady, and the temperature hovered around the mid-sixties. On this day Donna Whitson and her two children, nine-year-old Amber and five-year-old Ricky Hagerman were in Arlington visiting Donna’s parents, Glenda and Jimmie Whitson. The family arrived at their destination around 3pm and upon disembarking Donna’s car the kids asked to ride their bikes, the ones that Donna had her parents keep at their home for them. Donna, without a second thought, assented to the request with the limitation that the kids stay within a block of their grandparents’ home. She wanted them to be safe.
Once astride their bicycles and away from nagging adults, Amber disregarded the boundary set upon her and her brother. Amber led Ricky to the local neighborhood play spot, a shuttered Winn-Dixie grocery store and after approximately 15 minutes of riding around the parking lot and loading dock the younger Ricky was ready to turn back home, whether out of fear of being beyond their boundary or being tired is unknown. What is known is that Amber had elected to stay and ride her bike around the parking lot of the store on her own for a while longer, that Ricky went home alone, and that in the intervening time something horrible would happen to Amber that would shape substance and conscious of the her family forever.
On January 12th, Mr. Jim Kevil was sitting on his back porch looking out over his yard and fence, a view that happened to encompass the next-door Winn-Dixie store’s loading dock and the street it was on. Around 3:15 pm Mr. Kevil saw a lone young girl riding a colorful bike around the grocery store loading dock when a dark colored truck quickly pulled into the parking lot. Jim Kevil would later state that the driver of the truck was either white or Hispanic and between the ages of 25-40, this unknown subject grabbed Amber, who let out a scream and began kicking her abductor. The driver then put Amber in his vehicle before he sped off West bound down Abrams Road. Not just a passive witness, Mr. Kevil called 911 to report the incident to the police and to try to aid in the capture of the kidnapper and the return of the little girl. This would be the last time that anyone would see Amber Hagerman alive.
After arriving home alone five-year-old Ricky Hagerman was sent by his family back to the Winn-Dixie to retrieve his sister. Turning his bike around Ricky did as requested, only to return to an empty parking lot. Only a brief eight minutes had elapsed since he had last seen his sister, but it was too late; Amber was gone. Ricky once again arrived alone to the Whitson home prompting Grandfather Jimmie Whitson to race to the store in his car to search for Amber himself. Jimmie would arrive at the store at about the same time as an Arlington police officer, summoned by Jim Kevil’s 911 call did; the only remnant of Amber was her abandoned bicycle.
Law Enforcement, including the local police and the FBI (involved as a result of the pleas of Amber’s distraught family), coupled with a mass of volunteers began a wide net search for the missing girl, but came up empty. Amber had vanished.
Discovery
January 16, 1996 is a day that Amber’s family will never forget. Four days after she had been taken by an unidentified male from that Winn-Dixie parking lot, Amber Hagerman’s body was discovered in the early morning hours by an anonymous man walking his dog near the Forest Hills Apartment Complex in Arlington, Texas. Her body was found face down in a creek approximately 4 miles from her abduction site. Prior to this, apartment maintenance workers had been in that area and seen nothing, suggesting that the remains were either placed there after the workers had left or moved down stream by a torrential rainstorm that had just occurred. Amber’s family was informed shortly after the discovery, shocked they initially refused to believe the news with her father quoted in a New York Times article written at the time as saying, “She’s still alive” to the reporters covering the case and camped outside the Whitson home.
Amber was discovered wearing nothing but a single sock and the medical examiner would later confirm investigators suspicions, there was evidence of sexual assault and physical abuse, the cause of death: lacerations to the neck and throat. Additionally, the medical examiner stated that there was evidence that Amber had been kept alive for at least two days after her abduction before she was murdered, and her body disposed of.
Investigation Still Ongoing
More than 20 years later the investigation is still technically ongoing, to date the Arlington Police Department (APD) has not formally announced that they have any suspects or persons of interest. APD Detective Ben Lopez stated in a recent interview that the APD still receives tips regularly regarding the case and the department thoroughly investigates each one like it could be the piece of the puzzle that finally gives Amber’s family closure and justice.
An explanation of this unsolved murder most likely lies in the fact that Amber’s body was left in running water for an indeterminate amount of time, coupled with the storm that raised the creek level and most likely moved the body from the dump site, forensic evidence would have been all but erased and any physical evidence diluted or washed away. Not helping the investigation is the fact that there is only one witness to the crime: Jim Kevil was the sole person to come forward with information regarding the abduction, despite the fact that Amber was taken in broad daylight on a residential street. To date no one else has come forward with evidence or statements to aid in the apprehension of the unknown subject. Some reports assert that this is a result of the immigrant community in the area and the traditional apprehension of this population in talking to law enforcement thought that remains unsubstantiated speculation.
It is believed that Amber’s abductor and murderer was a stranger to her given that he took her by force and did not attempt to talk her into his vehicle. With this, I agree with the official narrative. Where I differ is on why Amber was taken. Based on the speed at which the abduction occurred it suggests to me that Amber may have been watched for some time before being taken. As stated previously Amber Hagerman was abducted in a window of approximately 8 minutes from when her brother left and then returned to bring her home. The official narrative is that this was an act of extreme opportunity when the perpetrator just happened to be driving by when he saw her alone. This would suggest that there was an event that triggered sporadic actions in the perpetrator, to quote a popular television show there must have been a stressor that induced this action.
Regardless of the why, the fact of the matter is that Amber Hagerman’s killer is still at large. He has gone unpunished for his heinous actions against this innocent little girl and by extension her family. As a result of chance and a fluke of nature no evidence or additional witnesses remain of what happened on that fateful winter day. Amber’s killer is nameless, and her family is left with no closure or answers, only questions and heartache.
Possible Suspects
Richard Lee Franks
Richard Lee Franks was charged on March 16, 2000 with the aggravated kidnapping of Opal Jo Jennings from Saginaw, a town a few miles north of Fort Worth. On March 26, 1999 6-year-old Opal was playing with her 3-year-old cousin in a vacant lot next to her grandparent’s house when Franks pulled up to the lot in his black Mercury Cougar. He then exited his vehicle and approached the kids feigning conversation with them. When Franks was close enough, he plucked Opal off the ground, punched her in the chest and put her in his car. What happened next was not unlike in Amber’s case, a large-scale search was launched for Opal led by her family and the local police department, it would not be for five years that Opal would be found. Her remains were discovered in a wooded area while two individuals were riding their horses along a remote trail. As a result of the state in which the remains were found, there was little physical or forensic evidence. What was clear was that the cause of death was most likely the result of a blow to the head. Franks would later be charged with Opal’s kidnapping but not her murder as there was no evidence to prove beyond the shadow of a doubt that Franks had indeed murdered her. In fact, he claimed that he had driven her to a local store to get a drink and left her there. What lends credence to Franks as a potential suspect is the similarity between Amber and Opal, and the way that they were taken. Both were seemingly impulse driven abductions based on the speed in which they occurred.
This link between Opal and Amber was not solely based on the research of internet sleuths. Mark Simpson, an investigating officer in the Hagerman case in an address to the National Children’s Advocacy Center’s 26 Annual National Symposium on Child Abuse to the fact that Franks had prior criminal history involving children, all young, brown haired girls and that Opal’s kidnaping occurred in the same county as Amber’s. Based on proximity, prior history, and similarity in method at the very least one could expect that APD would investigate Franks as a person of interest however, that has not been the case.
Terapon Adhahn
Born in Bangkok, Thailand. Terapon immigrated to the United States as a child when his mother married a U.S. serviceman and he returned to the United States. As he grew older Terapon would become a Buddhist monk as well as follow in his stepfather’s footsteps and join the U.S. Army. Adhahn has been connected to (either directly as the known perpetrator or suspected) multiple offenses, both resolved or unresolved, against children throughout Washington State including rape, kidnapping, and murder. He has also been questioned in connection the Amber Hagerman case by APD though has not been named as an official suspect.
In 1990 Adhahn was charged with sexual assault against a 16-year-old relative. This charge would result in him being forced to register as a sex offender and enter rehabilitation but as a first offense was not enough for him to be deported.
On May 31, 2000 an 11-year-old unnamed (for reasons of privacy) Spanaway County Girl was abducted on her way to school. She was bound and taken to a secluded training field close to the Fort Lewis Military Base where she was repeatedly assaulted over the course of an hour. After the assaults Adhahn left her bound on a road nearby where she would be discovered walking, still bound with her eyes taped over, by a Tacoma City Police Officer.
In December 2005, Adre’anna Jackson would also be abducted on her way to school, she disappeared from Lakewood in Pierce County, Washington and was never seen again. Over a year later, April 2006, skeletal remains were found in a field near her Tillicum neighborhood. Investigators showed pictures of Adhahn to residents who identified him as a known handyman who frequently worked in the area. He is regarded as a person of interest in this case.
On July 4, 2007 Zina Linnik had been watching a firework display with her siblings on a hilltop near her home when her father, Mikhail Linnik, on his back porch presumably also watching the display, heard his daughter cry out. When he arrived at the spot that Zina was taken all that was left was a single shoe she had been wearing, Mikhail also saw a gray Chevy Astro van speeding away and he was able to partially make out the license plate. Four days alter Terapon Adhahn was arrested for the kidnapping of Zina. However, this speedy apprehension was not enough, on condition of prosecution not seeking the death penalty, Adhahn led investigators to the remains of young Zina Linnik. She had been strangled with a zip tie though Adhahn would claim that her death had been an accident.
Additionally, while living in the Tacoma area, Adhahn was responsible for the care of an unnamed (again for the sake of privacy) 12-year-old girl. Her mother allowed the girl to live with Adhahn since she was unable to provide for her daughter, Adhahn only a “friend of her mother’s boyfriend”. Over the course of the next three years Adhahn would subject the young girl to repeated sexual assault, stopping only when she was able to run away after being assaulted at gun point.
Why Terapon Adhahn? It has been reported that, coupled with his extensive and horrendous history with children, Terapon lived for a time with his aunt in the Fort Worth area around 1996. During the investigation, law enforcement noticed striking similarities in the method of kidnapping, assault, and victims in the Adhahn case and with a few officers having been trained in Texas for the Amber Alert System, were familiar with the Hagerman case. Additionally, he used a similar vehicle in the Fort Lewis incident as was seen in Amber’s abduction. Terapon has been question regarding Amber's abduction and murder though not formally named as a suspect or even a person of interest.
Similar Cases
Heidi Seeman – San Antonio, Texas
On August 4, 1990 11-year-old Heidi Seeman was walking home from a sleep-over at a friend house the previous night. Her unnamed friend walked Heidi a part of the way home, to a midpoint between their houses at the intersection of Stahl road and Willow Run Street. Approaching the intersection Heidi’s friend as well as neighbors in the area reported seeing a red car with dark tinted windows pass by the girls slowly, and the driver watching them intently. Thinking nothing much of it, the girls parted ways and Heidi was never seen again. On August 25th, 1990 her remains were found in Hays County, Texas. No additional details were released regarding her death aside from the fact that a medical examiner ruled her death as a result of homicide.
Erica Botello – San Antonio, Texas
Closer in circumstance to Amber Hagerman, 7-year-old Erica Botello was taken on August 23, 1990 from the playground (or road next to depending on source) near her apartment complex. She was not unsupervised or alone the entire time she was playing. Erica was with her Father however he stepped inside for a brief time. When he went back outside, Erica was gone. Her remains would be found on August 25, 1990 in a storm drain about a mile from her home and abduction site. There is little information regarding Erica’s as she was and is eclipsed by the case of Heidi Seeman, a young white girl just a few years older than Erica, a girl of Hispanic dissent, from a wealthier side of San Antonio to the working class area that the Botello family lived in. Any information found on Erica is usually limited to brief sentences and always in tandem to Heidi.
Legacy and Aftermath
What happened to Amber Hagerman is not a mystery, it is known. She was taken from her family, held and assaulted over the course of two days, killed, and her body was disposed of in a creek not far from her abduction site. Her killer did all of these things without leaving any evidence, and slipped away. What isn't known is who did those things to her? Was it someone she knew? Had that person been watching her? Was this all really the result of chance and opportunity? One can hope that these questions, and more, will be answered one day but with each passing day the possibility that they never will be becomes all the more real.
It has been 24 years since Amber Hagerman was abducted and murdered yet her legacy lives on.
Amber’s abduction and murder was the impetus for the creation for the AMBER Alert System. This is a coordinated effort between law enforcement, radio, television, and cellphone broadcast systems to alert the general public in the region of an abduction to the incident and any information that law enforcement has on the abduction such as their physical description as well as the description of the vehicle they were last seen with. This system has resulted in the safe return of almost 1,000 children in the United States since its inception as a regional program in 1997, then national (and international) in 2000 however it is also under scrutiny for saving so few and being so annoying as an alert results in an alarm blaring through the device that receives it, and for saving so few. Critics question whether it saving just one life is worth it, is saving so few worth it?
I say yes.

Sources
Amber Hagerman
Arlington police mum about whether DNA evidence exist in unsolved Amber Hagerman case
CRIME HUNTER: Sleep interrupted? Think about Amber Hagerman Toronto Sun
[APD "Missing" flyer for Amber Haggerman, 1996] - Side 1 of 1 - The Portal to Texas History
AA28.pdf
Gale In Context: Biography - Document - Body of Kidnapped Texas Girl Is Found
Body of Girl Who Was Dragged Screaming Off Bicycle Is Found - Los Angeles Times
How Were Amber Alerts Created? The Amber Hagerman Cold Case - A&E
Child abuse symposium speaker tells of similar abduction/murder cases with different endings - al.com
Richard Lee Franks
Medical examiner: Remains are those of missing girl - Plainview Herald
Richard Lee Franks Texas Prison Inmates The Texas Tribune
FRANKS v. STATE FindLaw
Family prepares to bury girl who was abducted five years ago - Midland Reporter-Telegram
FBI, Texas Rangers investigating death of 6-year-old girl in Saginaw Fort Worth Star-Telegram
Terapon Adhahn
Adhahn pleads guilty to murder of Tacoma girl, 12 The Seattle Times
Killer of Tacoma child reveals motive in papers The Seattle Times
Terapon Adhahn pleads guilty to rape, murder of Zina Linnik HeraldNet.com
Child abduction-rape investigation widens - seattlepi.com
Heidi Seeman and Erica Botello
August marks 30 years since disappearances of Heidi Seeman, Erica Botello
1990 kidnapping, murder of two San Antonio girls still unsolved
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2020.09.23 18:06 protectedneck Suggestions on Improving Modules

I've run several of the 5e modules WOTC has put out over the past couple of years, and I've played in a few more as a player. Overall I've had a fun time with them and I would say that they've been a good experience. However it's not been without its challenges. There's some serious organizational and structural problems that need to be overcome in order to successfully run a module.
What can be done to fix this, either as a DM or as a request to WOTC? Thankfully there's a few easy steps.
Create a timeline When a module starts mentioning dates, I find that it's extremely helpful to have these organized into a timeline. Timelines allow you to establish the history of the setting. It helps you create a more realistic world because characters and clues can reference a firmly rooted history. It also helps prevent contradictions, in the event that your players start asking questions about history inside the module.
An excellent example of why this is important is in Tomb of Annihilation. The lost city of Omu, if you're just reading the descriptive text of the module, seems like this ancient place that's untouched by civilization for eons. Except not really. It only lost connection to the outside world a hundred years ago. There's a good chance that non-humans living in Chult have a distinct memory of visiting Omu in their lifetime, and humans will definitely have relatives who were aware of it. Maybe it's kind of like a bogeyman in their culture ("don't wander too far in the jungle or you'll disappear like Omu!"). Knowing this gives you a good frame of reference for how to present information to your players. But that information (pretty vital, I think) is only available in a single page half-way through the module and mentioned nowhere else.
Establish motivation The absolute worst feeling when running a module as a DM is to present a quest or event to the players and have them go "why would I want to do this?" Characters AND players have to have a good reason to be risking their lives. Sometimes the temptation of treasure is enough, but when you start getting into world-threatening levels of importance your players might not be so inclined to help.
When you plan out your adventure, think about WHY the characters and players would want to participate. Maybe an NPC that they particularly like is asking for help or is in danger. Maybe something related to their backstory can pop up, spurring them to act. Maybe the party are the only people who recognize how great the danger is, and they are unable to convince anyone else to help them.
In Storm King's Thunder, DMs really benefit from figuring out how to establish good motivations for their players, because the book is ZERO help in this. The party seems to be the only people in the world doing anything about the giant threat that is rampaging about the world. At multiple points, my players actually asked me "does anyone else care that this is happening? We're the only ones fighting the giants!" I ended up relying heavily on emphasizing that my players had been specifically marked by the Allfather to resolve the dispute and that they were essentially acting as his emissaries. Looking back, I wished I had better established that some of the giants were actually good so that I could use them to ask for help from the players.
Foreshadow The modern 5e modules are all broken into chapters. The problem with this is that many modules do not do a good job establishing a bridge between chapters. The DM can sometimes be left struggling to figure out how to get the players to participate in the next chapter because it kind of comes out of nowhere. It can also cause modules to feel disjointed, where the beginning adventures don't have any bearing on the later adventures and NPCs that were previously established get left in the dust, wasting valuable roleplaying and relationship building.
The solution to this is to always read ahead. See if there are any characters, objects, or story elements from future chapters that can be applied earlier in the adventure. Or seeing if characters and stories from earlier chapters can be extended into later chapters. Is there a great, big threat that needs to be tackled at the end of the campaign? Well, you'd better make sure to mention them early and often.
A perfect example of this is found in Tomb of Annihilation. When the players get to Omu they find out that it's inhabited by yuan-ti lead by a dude named Ras Nsi. If you're running the book as-written, they have zero reason to know who this dude is or why he matters (also the way he's written in the book has SUCH wasted potential, but that's not relevant to the topic). So if you're preparing this adventure, you need to make sure to include clues in previous chapters that establish who he is and a bit of his history. Maybe the players find a journal on the corpse of one of his undead lieutenants. Or they speak with an NPC who references the history he has with the area. Also you can include yuan-ti scouting parties as the players get closer to Omu so it's a little bit more natural for the players to stumble on their headquarters.
Pick a path This is something that's come up a good number of times in 5e modules and is sort of their defining characteristic. They include a lot of "you can do 1 of these 3 things". Whether that's what town to visit and what giant fortress to assault in Storm King's Thunder or what villain you want in Waterdeep: Dragon Heist. It's cool that you're being given options but that comes at a real cost. More time spent developing separate options means less time honing and polishing the existing content. It's kind of weird in that it's been presented as allowing DMs more replay value (or streamers more variety).
Here's the deal: pick one path and ignore the rest. Pretend they don't exist. Cross them out if you have to. Your time is best spent focusing on one above the rest. This helps you focus on foreshadowing, as well. Remember all those cool NPCs from Bryn Shander in Chapter 2 of Storm King's Thunder? Well they don't show up anywhere else in the book because the book doesn't know that you're going to pick Bryn Shander.
Just as a note: if you're running Waterdeep: Dragon Heist run the Alexandrian version, where you get to use all four factions. Trust me it's way better in a lot of ways.
Start better Frankly most of the modules in 5e have ATROCIOUS openings. SKT has you gaining 5 levels in about 3 hours in a location that you'll never ever see again. ToA has you TELEPORTED to a new continent by a lady who's basically going to pay you $50 to solve a global soul-destroying crisis. HotDQ has your level 1 players forced to go storm a city under siege by an adult dragon. Out of the Abyss has your players stuck in jail with like 10 other NPCs which is a pain to run.
A good opening to a module does a few things: it establishes that the party is working together for a common goal, it introduces the themes of the module, and it flows into the main adventure. One of the reasons why Lost Mines of Phandelver is so highly-rated is that it does the first and last of those two very well, especially if you're going to go into a Forgotten Realms module like Storm King's Thunder. The themes can be added in later by the DM.
You can always make your own adventures to start with, but presumably if you're running a module it's because you want to have some of the work done for you. In that case, I would recommend looking on DM's Guild. Many modules have alternative openings made by users. For example, Cellar of Death is an incredible alternative opening for Tomb of Annihilation. And Adventurer's League has multiple level 1-4 adventures for every module that's been released. These are tangentially related to the content and can be pretty linear, but at least it's a good jumping off point!
Take notes I have definitely fallen into the trap of "Oh, I don't need to write that down, it's in the book." Only to completely forget where in the book that little piece of info is written down. If I had taken notes, I wouldn't have this problem!
When I read a module, if it's in a PDF or on Roll20, I always have a google doc sheet open with my notes (and references to the page where the info is located in case there's more info there I need). If I'm reading a physical copy, I'll use sticky notes.
The biggest thing that I focus on when taking notes is if I have any questions. If I'm reading the book that has all the answers in it and I have questions, then that means either some information is missing or my players will have similar questions.
Ignore the Sandbox Some modules include sections of wide-open play where the players are allowed to explore around on their own without a specific quest or mission guiding them. In just about all cases these are the weakest parts of these modules and where DMs will need to put most of the work in. The problem is that it's hard to connect a sandbox to a module. The best modules are essentially breadcrumb trails leading from idea to idea. But that sort of goes against the philosophy of sandboxes, which are supposed to be character and exploration driven, potentially without any set goal. It's also jarring to go from wide-open exploration to "on-rails" adventuring.
I would suggest ignoring the sandbox option, if it's given to you. Focus instead on quests that can guide the players to interesting things (lets be honest, some locations and events are more interesting than others). The sandbox is still there if the players want to go off the beaten track a little, but you're able to prepare a more focused adventure if you provide more tangible and concrete events to the players.
An example of a bad sandbox is Storm King's Thunder, where players wander aimlessly around ALL of western Faerun until the DM gets bored and brings in Harshnag and resumes the story. If you flip that to where the players are LOOKING for Harshnag, then now you've got a more guided adventure that actually motivates the players.
A good psuedo-sandbox would be found in Waterdeep: Dragon Heist. The faction missions found in Chapter 2 allow the players to meet interesting people around the city and really get a feel for what the city is like, all at their own pace. It also gives them tools for later, as the connections they make will stick around. But this isn't a true sandbox, since at the end of the day it's just faction missions you can do around town.
A strange exception might be Ghosts of Saltmarsh, which is definitely at its weakest and most derivative when following the example adventures. This is a module that is at its best when it's player driven. The entire appeal, to me, of this book is that it gives DMs tools to allow the players to become sea-faring adventurers doing their own things along the coast. If you DON'T run this adventure as a wide-open setting, it can feel disjointed, as none of the smaller adventures provided link together in any meaningful way and are all variations of "someone important asks you to do a thing."
Be willing to trim This is definitely the hardest for me. You look at the book, you see all the options available to you. You see how much CONTENT there is. Wow! If you ran this whole thing and saw everything, you could have a 2 year campaign on your hands! Wow... That's... two years. Where you're stuck playing this adventure. And you don't know if the players are really going to like it. And all those other cool campaign books are going to come out in the meantime...
You gotta trim the fat. Some content in modules is better than other content. Some sections are just not as good as others. Your time is limited and valuable. It's hard wrangling the players just to meet up every week or two to play a game they LIKE. You shouldn't waste that time with trash mobs and boring quests. You should be willing and able to get rid of the stuff that you don't like and that looks like it's going to be uninteresting. I'm not saying that you should speedrun modules, I'm just saying that you need to be willing to delete some content in order to meet the needs of your group.
Also some adventures just have weak points that don't add anything. I found Omu in Tomb of Annihilation to be a chore and the Fane of the Night Serpent to be wholly uninteresting. If I were to run it again, I would genuinely skip it! I even wrote up a guide on how I'd recommend skipping it.
If you see something that you don't like, don't do it. Cut it or change it. Knowing when to do this comes with experience, but once you've figured out how you like to DM and what your group likes, you'll be better off. And your group, in all likelihood, won't know that you changed a thing. It feels awful when a session doesn't work and your only excuse is "Yeah, I just did what the module says!"
Conclusion I'm positive that I missed a lot of tips and ideas for improving modules. There's a lot that goes into this and sometimes we make changes without even thinking about it. I just hope that these were able to help you when preparing for your games! If you can think of any other suggestions or techniques for betting modules, please feel free to let me know!
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2020.09.22 05:21 ebayFit A Comprehensive Guide on How to Start a Hotel Gym

If you belong to the hospitality industry, you must have an idea of the growing trend of in-house spas, gyms, and pools etc., offered aside from lodging.
A gym can especially be a great addition to your hotel due to increasing health and exercise awareness in recent years.
As the gym industry grows to include new techniques and equipment, staying updated with the latest trends is essential for hotels with fitness centers to meet their guests’ requirements.
Below is all you should know to make your hotel gym a smoothly running facility.
Let’s get started!

Contents:
  1. Why You Should Set a Gym in Your Hotel
  2. What Do Guests Look for in Hotel Gym Equipment?
  3. Space Planning with Gym Equipment
  4. What to Consider When Installing Gym Equipment
  5. Best Hotel Gym Equipment Brands
  6. How to Choose a Trusted Hotel Gym Equipment Supplier?
  7. Factors to Consider when Making the Floor Plan
  8. Bonus Tips (Hilton’s Standard on Fitness Center Included)
  9. Conclusion

1. Why You Should Set a Gym in Your Hotel

Nowadays, many people prefer to exercise during travel, whether they’re vacationing or on a business trip. Many of them are quite critical about their workout environment as well.
According to a Hotels.com survey, 44% of people are willing to pay extra for a hotel that offers a gym. Another research by TripAdvisor found 52% of people preferring hotel gyms for holiday exercise. As a result, many hotels working on improving the fitness facilities and programs offered at their locations.
An innovative gym adds extra appeal to your hotel, attracting more clients. Offering your guests such perks during their stay is a great way to make your business successful. Now that people have started to spend more on gym memberships, it’s a good sign that guests will appreciate and use the one at your facility.
As of now, there’s still a sharp increase in the availability of exercise opportunities and equipment in hotels. Hilton Hotels have even gone as far as providing gym equipment in guest rooms. This makes it clear that you will have to meet the highest standards for providing fitness-related services.
Knowing where to start when installing or upgrading your gym equipment can be challenging. You need to make sure you set up a workout space that gives you a competitive advantage while being safe and convenient for your guests. In the following sections, we have some valuable tips to help you in the process.

2. What Do Guests Look for in Hotel Gym Equipment?

Extra facilities are an important factor in the success of any hotel business. Modern lodging isn’t just about a bed to sleep in anymore, with top chains setting high entertainment, recreation, cuisine, and comfort standards. Fully equipped gyms are also the new norm in popular hotels. Below you’ll find out about the type of fitness equipment hotel guests expect from you.
One of the basic requirements of gym users is space. Instead of filling up the whole area with bulky equipment, choose the kind that leaves some free space to enable exercisers to work out without getting in each other’s way. You’ll also need to ensure your equipment is kept clean at all times – you don’t need to drive away customers because your gym lacks hygiene!
Nowadays, gymming isn’t just about using a treadmill and lifting some weights. There’s a wide range of exercises and fitness programs that require different gym machines and accessories. You’ll have to keep up with the latest workout trends to make your fitness center useful for your guests.
Just the basic tech-friendly features can make your equipment a lot more impressive. For instance, gym machines and treadmills that sync with workout apps and smartwatches like Fitbit can be enough to keep your guests engaged and motivated.

3. Space Planning with Gym Equipment

With the high standards set by top hotel chains for on-site gyms, people’s expectations have also increased. They are used to feeling secure and comfortable and having access to luxuries they normally don’t enjoy. Therefore, it is essential to plan your fitness center in a way that adds to your overall image instead of causing annoyance or injuries to the users.
While mapping out your gym space, make a practical floor plan to use the available space wisely. We also recommend including a balanced amount of aerobic and strength equipment.

4. What to Consider When Installing Gym Equipment

4.1 Distance
A lot of equipment crammed into your gym space can make users feel uncomfortable. Avoid crowding and leave enough space between equipment to allow your guests to work out in relative privacy. Clear a path all around the gym that leads to the entrance, so that users can look at everything it has to offer.
It’s better to have different zones for cardio and strength equipment. Aerobic equipment should have a 40 cm clearance on each side to allow a fitness trainer to stand at a safe distance and guide the users. The back of a treadmill should have 120 cm clearance as well. Cardio machines are best placed facing a window or have a built-in TV to keep users engaged. Consider installing mirrors in the strength training zone to enable guests to maintain proper form and positioning during weightlifting exercises.
4.2 Space
A growing trend of online fitness coaches has caused a shift from traditional exercising methods to more innovative techniques with mobile equipment like Swiss balls, kettlebells, and yoga mats.
Hotels have used these newer trends to favor their ratings and reviews, some even offering rooftop yoga classes to attract guests. The simple treadmill by the basement’s water fountain is not enough anymore.
Bearing all this need for innovation, it’s important to use your space to its greatest potential. Even if you have a limited area available for your facility, you can maximize its impact with smart and efficient planning.
Multi-use exercise units and dual-function fitness machines can be great for allowing a variety of exercises in limited space. Many offer a range of strength movements, weights, and stretches, all in one unit. You should also prefer more compact cardio machines such as space-saving treadmills, ellipticals, and stationary bikes if you’re short on space.

5. Best Hotel Gym Equipment Brands

Once you’ve figured out the type of equipment you’ll include in your hotel gym, you’ll need to decide which brand to go with.
As of now, leading hotels around the globe are choosing any of the following brands for fitness equipment: Technogym (an Italian brand), Life Fitness (American) and Johnson Matrix (American). We’ve described each of these below to help you choose.
5.1 Technogym Representative of Classic European products
Technogym is a world-renown state-of-the-art aerobic and strength equipment manufacturer with bizarre development speed. This influential brand has premium-quality products using innovative technology. Styled in Italian fashion with a soft appearance and matching colors, Technogym products look trendy and aesthetic.
Since the launch of aerobic equipment having built-in LCD TV and touchscreens in 2003, the brand has attracted more customers than before, enabling it to give top American brands some serious competition. Technogym’s major success is being appointed back to back four times as the Olympic Games equipment supplier. However, its major drawback is its price, which is quite high compared to American brands.
5.2 Life Fitness Classic American Fitness Equipment Brand
Life Fitness has earned a reputation for top-quality fitness equipment, especially its innovative treadmill design. The modern design ideas and innovative anti-shock feature have raised the bar for professional treadmills. Its series of treadmills, including TR9000, TR9100, TR9500, and TR9700, have taken the fitness industry by storm. However, models like the 90T, 91T, 95Ti, and 97Ti are suspected of being imitations of other brands.
As of now, Life Fitness is a powerful brand with a vast clientele, including large corporations. Its effective marketing strategies for several years and reliable quality products have helped it maintain its large market share. Still, it may not be the brand for those wanting modern equipment and innovative designs. High after-sales service expenses are another drawback of Life Fitness.
5.3 Matrix the Fastest Growing Commercial Fitness Equipment Brand in Asia.
Matrix comes under the umbrella of Johnson Health Technology. Being in the industry since 1975, Matrix has gained a global reputation as a leading fitness equipment brand in a relatively short time. Its corporate culture promotes innovative concepts, welcomes new ideas, and supports creative problem-solving.
Matrix’s fast-paced progress is no coincidence. It has set high standards for other brands in just a decade and has become a mover and shaker in the fitness equipment industry with its creative yet practical solutions.
5.4 Yanre Fitness Self-design Gym Equipment Manufacturer
A growing number of Chinese brands have also emerged in recent years.
Yanre Fitness is one such brand that works closely with the Chinese Olympic Canoeing Team, along with the largest fitness PT training base in China, Siapu. With premium-quality products comparable to top global brands, Yanre has several top organizations in China and across the world among its clientele.

6. How to Choose a Trusted Hotel Gym Equipment Supplier?

No matter what kind of gym equipment you choose for your hotel gym, the maintenance requirements are inevitable.
Many suppliers offer maintenance services free of cost for a set period, after which you have to pay for the services. Some organizations tend to ignore these maintenance services, believing them to be an extra expense.
However, it is essential to sign a regular services contract with your supplier since scheduled maintenance services have the following benefits:
Hence, gym maintenance contracts can save you from unnecessary hassle and bigger expenses in the long term, ensuring your guests and your equipment’s safety. It enables your facility to run smoothly, addressing problems soon after they arise.
Yanre Fitness has a range of state-of-the-art fitness equipment for hotel gyms, offering maintenance packages for all kinds of budgets and hotel sizes.
6.1 Warranty
While gym equipment suppliers might claim that the warranty they offer covers all kinds of equipment services, you should know that wear and tear is not part of it! In actuality, negligence of your equipment makes your warranty invalid.
Maintenance contracts can solve this issue since they will ensure the replacement of parts where needed, and proper servicing in case of wear, enabling you to avail your warranty to the max. Some equipment problems may have simple solutions you can implement yourself. For such situations, a phone support option can be useful if present in your contract.
6.2 Maintenance
You’ll be surprised to know that according to many corporate managers, the after-sales service of a product is more significant than its brand. This also goes for office gym equipment.
Failure and breakdown during use are common with any kind of equipment. This has made it challenging to reduce the likelihood of failure and minimize troubleshooting after any malfunctioning occurs.
It all depends on your choice of equipment supplier, which will ultimately determine the extent of effort you will need to keep your corporate gym running smoothly.
Some suppliers or agents aren’t looking at the bigger picture at all, only caring about their immediate interests.
We recommend avoiding such sellers who cannot guarantee professional after-sales services unless your company can bear plenty of complaints or even injured employees.
Here are a few matters worth considering when looking for a reliable gym equipment supplier:
Despite the above tips, we understand how tricky it can be when choosing a supplier for the first time. We recommend having a list of credible brands to choose from, to stay on the safe side.
From our own experience over the past decade working with leading commercial fitness equipment manufacturers in China, here is our list of the top 10: Top 10 Gym Equipment Manufacturers in China

7. Factors to Consider when Making the Floor Plan

There are many options when making the floor plan of your gym. To keep it practical while using the space in the best possible way, there are the following things to consider:
Below we have provided lists of gym equipment for different space areas to help you out.

8. Bonus Tips

The following tips will help you create one of the best hotel gyms your guests ever visit!
Tip#1 Overall Plan
In the initial stages, you should have an idea of the overall design process, for instance:
This design plan can be adjusted to suit your situation and needs.
Tip#2 Design
Tip#3 Management
Some hotels offer membership plans to gain regular income that can initially cover the cost they have put into their facility. For those clients who prefer keeping the gym only for paying guests, a proportion of their room charges could go towards the regular functioning and maintenance of the hotel fitness center.
Tip#4 Hilton's Standard on Fitness Center:

9. Conclusion

With more people conscious about their fitness, hotel exercise is becoming an increasing trend. Many people like keeping up with their workout routine even while traveling, and a gym can automatically help you attract more customers. You just need to select a reliable hotel gym equipment supplier to make sure your facility stays functional and running smoothly.
We hope this article was of value for you in planning your fitness facility. If you have any further queries, comment below, and we’ll be glad to help!
Original post: https://www.yanrefitness.com/hotel-gym/
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2020.09.21 22:00 Purp1eW0lf OSCP Lab & Exam Review and Tips

So I want this to hopefully be a bit more than the obligatory 'I passed the OSCP' , and offer some advice for those who want to take the exam as well as give my opinions of the course. It's a lengthy post, with advice from beginning to end of an OSCP path.
TL;DR: commit to preparation. Complete every OSCP-related resource and you will pass.
The topics we're going to go through:
  1. OSCP preparation
  2. Purchasing the OSCP
  3. Coursework
  4. Buffer Overflows
  5. Lab Report
  6. Labs themselves
  7. Pre exam prep
  8. Exam itself
  9. Exam reporting
  10. Post exam
Pre -OSCP preparation
Before you pay for the OSCP labs, I would recommend that you take up the following free (or cheap) resources:
Purchasing OSCP
When you're reading to purchase your OSCP course, there are a number of options for what you can pay for. I'm not going to dwell on this for too long but what I will say is this: if you have children, intense work commitments, or an unforgiving significant other - choose the 90 day option. If you don't have children, if your workplace is understanding, and if your SO is forgiving - choose the 60 day option.
OffSec can take up to a fortnight to accept your payment and send you the course details, so please do keep this in mind when it comes to scheduling and timing. I didn't realise there would be such a gap in time, and ended up losing losing a week of time I had set aside for the course.
OSCP Coursework
For the majority of the coursework, I was frustrated. It felt like 800 pages of content that was outdated and time-consuming. Looking back now, though, I see that OffSec weren't trying to teach me answers but were in fact trying to foster a mentality in how to approach tasks. The content isn't all bad either, as there was some techniques and tips that I was genuinely impressed with and used in the exams.
There may be some who say that completing the coursework is not worth the five points you receive towards the final exam. I say those people are either overconfident in their abilities or misunderstand simple math. As there's little we can do for the former, let's examine the latter: the OSCP Exam comes in the form of five machines, with two 25 point machines, two 20 point machines, and one ten point machine. One of those machines is a buffer overflow machine (which is a guaranteed 25 points). When you add up a combination of a handful of these machines, you can start to see how five points can be the difference between a pass and fail. Moreover, let's just say you pass with what you think is 73 points but OffSec deduct four points because of sloppy reporting. That's a fail. Whereas those extra five points you would have received from the coursework would have pushed you into a more comfortable passing mark.
In essence, the coursework is dull and painful for 90%. But the 10% of interesting stuff, plus the five points, makes it undeniably worth it. Please do the coursework. I would recommend banging out the course report as soon and quick as you can. I spent eight days, giving fifteen hours a day just burning through the course so I could get it out of the way. I will assume you're more intelligent than I am and will get through the coursework much faster than I did.
OSCP Coursework: Buffer Overflow
The buffer overflow section in OffSec's course pdf is awful. It was my least favourite part of the whole course, and it kept coming up again and again throughout the 800 pages. They don't explain it well from the beginning and that confusion persists as you go through the BOF sections. It's the only part of the entire course that I was actually frustrated I had paid OffSec this much money.
Fortunately for me (and now for you) I had gathered some resources before starting the labs and had already perfected my BOF skills. I would recommend you first follow Heath Adams' Cyber Mentor BOF guide. He teaches the part-manual, part-automated method, and helps you understand some of the theory. Once you've completed this, then move onto Tib3rius' BOF practice room on Try Hack me. It teaches you the mostly automated method for a BOF, and it is the easiest, quickest way by far. Heath's guide is necessary, as he teaches you a middle-way that makes sure you wouldn't be lost if your automated tools stopped working. OffSec's method is maybe too manual. And I understand that they want to impart the lesson of doing things manually, but for a topic as confusing as BOF it's better to use Tib3rius' automated BOF methods that are allowed in the exam.
OffSec is gonna have you working those bad characters out manually, eyeballing each one in tiny font six. And you're gonna do it, as that's the requirement for passing the coursework. And you're gonna fuck up one of those characters and your exploit won't work, because human error is bound to kick in when you're doing with that many slashes, x's and 0s. All I can say is sigh deeply to yourself and do it OffSec's way for the coursework. Come exam time, Tib3rius' way is the way to go.
OSCP Lab Report
The other requirement to get those five points is to complete ten machines in the OSCP lab, and ensure that you have documented these in a report. I don't have much to say about this either, as it's straightforward and you would be doing yourself a disservice if you didn't create ten writeups of machines you're going to hack anyway to get yourself points towards the exam.
For both the Lab report and Exam I used more of a 'boot to root' style of writeup. I found OffSec's example report to be too confusing to actually follow per machine. It makes sense in a real world engagement to produce a report that looks at things per vulnerablity (not per host). However this isn't the real world, so feel free to use a walkthrough style for your reporting too.
OSCP Labs
The labs are around sixty vulnerable machines split across a handful of networks. You will have immediate access to around forty machines, with the remaining machines hidden in those secret networks. I completed every single machine, as I saw these as 'practice exams'. Therefore my logic was completing every practice exam meant I would be in better stead for the real deal.
I want to address two major criticisms I have about the OSCP labs.
I wanted to critique the Student Admins, who are on Helpdesk for any tech issues you're having as well as to give you pointers on machines. I only had two experiences with student admins, and whilst they were both nice people I think that English was not their first language and as a result their advice (and the conversation in general) was difficult. When someone is trying to give you a cryptic hint to a machine, and their command of English isn't that strong, it's not gonna go well for you. However I am reserving this as an actual thing OffSec should improve as I don't see how they could. They could hire student admins who have demonstrably high-level fluency in English, but maybe they do and I just got unlucky the two times I communicated with them? At any rate, I would gladly sign up to be a Student Admin as I would enjoy advising fellow students on hints and tips throughout their labs.
Pre-Exam
Book your exam date as early as you can, as the slots fill up quickly. I know it's difficult to know what life will be like two or three months time, but it's necessary I'm afraid. You don't want to leave a big gap between finishing the labs and doing your exam.
A fortnight before your exam, email OffSec and ask for a test session for your equipment. As the exam is proctored (someone watches you via webcam and monitors the activity on your host OS' screen) you need to test and make sure all the software works. The last thing you want on exam day is for a tech problem to eat into your time or have your exam cancelled. My host OS was Kubuntu, and I used this camera which said it worked for Linux systems, so I definitely wanted to test my system and make sure it all worked well.
Please keep hardware requirements in mind too. I'd recommend you have at least 16gigs of ram, as you won't just be running your VM but you'll be running the proctoring software too. You'll also want good ram, and a computer that won't overheat, as you'll be running the machine for long periods of time and it will be doing intense work. The last thing you want is for your computer to die mid exam!
Exam
I won't go into detail here, as the OSCP exams are not to be discussed at length.
My approach to the OSCP was a commitment to preparation. I wanted to make sure that no matter what was thrown at me, I had experience in it and wouldn't be faced with a service or configuration that I'd never seen. This paid off, as within four hours I had gained enough points to pass, and after eight hours I asked the proctor terminate my VPN connection.
I would strongly advise you take perfect screenshots and okay-ish notes whilst you're hacking the machines in the exam. This will make the reporting requirement easier.
Keep two copies of the Kali exam image, and use snapshots just in case. The last thing you want is for your VM to break and not restart.
Post-Exam
After you've rooted your exam machines, you need to write your report and submit it to OffSec. Be meticulous here. Don't just screenshot what you did, but also include the commands you ran. I want you to write that report like your significant other, your grandma, your dog is gonna pick up that report and follow each page so they can re-create every step to root. This doesn't mean you're going to write the report like its a 'explain like I'm five'. Rather, you're going to write the report that is replicable and clear.
Once you've written your exam report, you're going to send that and your coursework and lab reports to OffSec. OffSec have a dedicated page for their exam guide, focus on section three. It is entirely possible to root every single machine, complete every single coursework and lab requirement, send off your reports and fail the exam. Why? Because OffSec's rules for exam submission are incredibly punitive, and require you to zip reports, password protect them, upload them, copy links and email them - it's a highly-choreographed dance that OffSec has us do post-exam, and they don't explain it well.
This is an area I am hugely critical of OffSec for. They don't need to fail a person who rooted every machine and completed all course tasks just because they sent 'exam report.pdf'. I understand they have thousands of students, and can't chase them all up to meet administrative requirements. But, OffSec, that IS all you'd be failing someone for: administrative requirements. In real life, I have not found that a client will refuse payment because of a report name, or will reject an entire report because they had trouble unlocking the password-protected file.
This is an area I would also like to OffSec improve on, as they have strict rules but do not explain it well. For example, does the coursework report and ten-machine-lab report get submitted in two separate reports, along with your exam report, or do you condense those two into one course/lab report and send that off with your exam report? I don't really know. I did the latter. It seemed to be okay for me as I passed, but greater clarity from OffSec would be even better.
And after the OSCP Exam?
OffSec state it may take thirty days to get results, but from what I've seen most people get their results within five days. I imagine a weekend submission may take a little bit longer. I did my exam early in the weekday and received my results midday two days later. The certificate does seem to arrive a little bit more erratically, due to COVID 19, as I haven't worked out a pattern of who receives theirs and when. I passed less than a week ago, so I won't see mine for maybe a little bit more.
And that's it, that's everything I have for you. I hope that was informative. It was certainly cathartic to write, and I hope it can offer someone some guidance or reassurance. I'm always available for a chat, whether that's here in the comments, in a DM, or my Twitter .
I'm hungry for more certifications, and I'm hoping OffSec update their OSWP course soon so I can sink my teeth into that. I've got eighteen months left to complete my InfoSec doctorate, and I'm also looking for Junior Pen Tester positions in London, as I want that guidance and mentorship in the professional world.
Take care of yourselves my friends,
Ray
submitted by Purp1eW0lf to oscp [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 08:47 PlasticCoffee Bills scheduled for discussion in Dáil Éireann from the 21st of September 2020 till the 27th of September 2020.

Bills scheduled for discussion in Dáil Éireann from the 21st of September 2020 till the 27th of September 2020.
This information was found on oireachtas.ie the official government website for the Government, Oireachtas.ie does say that the schedule is subject to change at short notice.
A lot of the descriptions are in legalese and they reference legal statutes and other laws, but these descriptions are from oireachtas.ie. If you follow the link you can also find a link to the bills in question themselves.
Let me know if you think this could be done better.
Bills scheduled for discussion
Subject to change at short notice
Tue, 22 Sep 2020
Criminal Justice (Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing) (Amendment) Bill 2020 in Dáil Éireann
Sponsored by: Minister for Justice and Equality, Helen McEntee (FG)
Source: Government
Originating House: Dáil Éireann
Official Description :
Bill entitled an Act to amend the Criminal Justice (Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing) Act 2010 to give effect to Directive (EU) 2018/843 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 amending Directive (EU) 2015/849 on the prevention of the use of the financial system for the purposes of money laundering or terrorist financing, and amending Directives 2009/138/EC and 2013/36/EU; and to provide for related matters.
Expanded Description :
The primary purpose of the Bill is to amend the Criminal Justice (Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing) Act 2010 (‘the Act of 2010’) in order to transpose, in part, Directive (EU) 2018/843 on the prevention of the use of the financial system for the purposes of money laundering or terrorist financing, into national law.
It improves the safeguards for financial transactions to and from high-risk third countries and sets new limits on the use of anonymous pre-paid cards; brings a number of new ‘designated bodies’ under the existing legislation; enhances the customer due diligence requirements; prohibits credit and financial institutions from creating anonymous safe-deposit boxes; provides for the issuing of Ministerial guidance in relation to ‘prominent public functions’ in respect of politically exposed persons (PEPs) and includes a number of technical amendments to other provisions of the Act.
This Bill provides for lowering the value limits for carrying out simplified due diligence on e-money instruments. This means that a person supplying e-money instruments, such as a pre-paid card, will be required to conduct customer due diligence when the value of the requested card is €150 or higher. The existing threshold is €250.
This Bill provides for a defence to proceedings in relation to ‘tipping-off’ where the designated person can prove that the entity to whom the information was disclosed was a specified financial institution, which is connected to the designated person or part of the same group structure
This Bill also provides that where a designated person is entering a business relationship with another entity, they must take steps to obtain the relevant information from the appropriate register of beneficial ownership and must not engage in that business relationship until the relevant information is obtained. By way of derogation, a financial institution is allowed to open an account ahead of obtaining the information but cannot allow any transactions on that account.
Wed, 23 Sep 2020
Defence (Amendment) Bill 2020 in Dáil Éireann
Sponsored by: Minister for Defence, Simon Coveney (FG)
Source: Government
Originating House: Dáil Éireann
Official Description :
Bill entitled an Act to amend the Defence Act 1954 and the Defence (Amendment) (No. 2) Act 1979; and to provide for related matters.
Expanded Description :
This Bill (Insertion of new section 17A in Principal Act) inserts a new section (section 17A) into the Defence Act 1954 to permit the delegation by the Minister for Defence of a limited degree of control and authority over a Defence Forces contingent (referred to as ‘operational control’ in this amendment) deployed as part of an international force to the Force Commander of that force. The amendment will not alter the current command structure within the Irish Defence Forces but merely underpins current practice in relation to day to day operational control of contingents of the Permanent Defence Force (PDF) engaged in international operations.
A. The amendment provides that a delegation of operational control by the Minister for Defence to the Force Commander will be in writing and may be subject to such exceptions and limitations as the Minister may determine, having had regard to such requirements as are necessary for the efficient operation of the mission concerned. Any delegation of operational control will provide as follows:
(i) in so far as is necessary to ensure the efficient operation of a mission, provide that each member of the Defence Forces assigned to an international force led by a Force Commander shall comply with every lawful order issued to him or her by a member of the international force in his or her military chain of command, subject to any exclusions as may be specified in the written delegation;
(ii) provide that the military police component of the international force under the authority of the Force Commander may arrest and detain a member of the Defence Forces provided such member is handed over as soon as possible to the Irish contingent commander or the designated senior Irish officer;
(iii) provide that each member of the Defence Forces in respect of whom a delegation of operational control is made shall cooperate with the military police component of the international force;
(iv) include any other ancillary provisions in relation to the delegation of operational control as the Minister may deem to be necessary for the efficient operation of the mission to which the delegation refers.
B. This Bill includes a number of amendments to the Defence Act 1954 to facilitate the re-enlistment of suitably-qualified former enlisted members of the Defence Forces to fill certain positions.
The intention is that this provision will be used to enlist suitably-qualified former enlisted persons in the PDF to fill certain positions. Any person enlisted under this section will have particular skills and expertise required by the Defence Forces which cannot be met through the use of existing military resources.
Persons enlisted under this section will be enlisted for a specified period and for a specified purpose (involving the use of a particular skill or area or expertise) and will not be subject to the normal service requirements which apply to persons enlisted under section 53. In addition, any person enlisted under this section will be required to meet general eligibility criteria (including in relation to physical fitness) to ensure that he or she will be capable of performing normal military duties (including, if necessary, in relation to overseas service).
C. This Bill contains a amendment being amended to provide for a application that is submitted relating to application for an extension of time to bring forward an appeal for a summary cour martial provided any such application is broug before the end of the “initial period”.
There will now be no requirement on the summary court-martial to be available to consider the application for an extension before the end of the “initial period” (that is, the summary court-martial will have the flexibility to consider the application and issue a decision after the expiry of the “initial period”).
D. This Bill also includes a series of amendments to remove the references in the Defence Act to the enlistment of persons under the age of 18 as the Defence Act still contains references to the enlistment of minors.
Criminal Justice (Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing) (Amendment) Bill 2020 in Dáil Éireann
As Above
Sick Leave and Parental Leave (Covid-19) Bill 2020 in Dáil Éireann
Sponsored by: Alan Kelly (Labour)
Source: Private Member
Originating House: Dáil Éireann
Official Description :
Bill entitled an Act to provide for an entitlement for employees to paid leave during periods of illness or injury; to amend the entitlement to leave on grounds of force majeure for parents whose children are unable to attend school or a pre-school service by reason of Covid-19 measures; and to provide for connected matters.
Expanded Description :
In many European states, some or all employers are required by law to make provision for sick leave, i.e., paid time off from work for workers when they are ill.
In Ireland there are no laws mandating sick leave although some employers, particularly in the public sector, offer it voluntarily or under a collective bargaining agreement.Generally, therefore, there is in Ireland no legal right to be paid while on sick leave from work.
Each employer can decide its own policy on sick leave, but it must provide its employees with written information about its sick leave policy. An employee can apply for illness benefit from the Department of Employment Affairs and Social Protection, payable at a maximum weekly rate of €203.
If the employer chooses to provide sick pay at a higher rate, the employee may be asked to sign over any illness benefit payment to the employer for as long as the sick pay continues. The employee will suffer no net loss of income.
If the employer does not provide sick pay, then the social welfare payment is all that the employee will receive, at a time when living expenses may well be increased as a result of illness.
The result is that many workers, particularly those in unorganised and precarious employment, are at risk of suffering financially – and in some cases even of losing their job – if they become sick.
At a time when Covid-19 is endemic and when persons who are possible sources of infection are called upon to restrict their movements, the current rules act as a disincentive for workers to comply with public health guidelines.
The purpose of this Bill is set out in its long title as being to provide for an entitlement for employees to paid leave during periods of illness or injury, and to provide for connected matters.
More reporting about this Bill can be read here, from Anglo celt.ie
Thu, 24 Sep 2020
Health (Amendment) (Professional Home Care) Bill 2020 in Dáil Éireann
Sponsored by: Colm Burke (FG); Emer Higgins (FG)
Source: Private Member
Originating House: Dáil Éireann
Official Description :
Bill entitled an Act to provide for the regulation of professional home care, for that purpose to amend the Health Act 2007 and to provide for related matters.
Expanded Description :
This legislation is a follow on from the Law Reform Commission Report published in December 2011. This legislation proposes to amend the Health Act 2007 and in particular provides for an appropriate regulatory framework and legal standards to be put in place for professional home carers (as opposed to informal carers) engaged in the provision of care to people in their own home.
Section 1
This is a standard section setting out necessary definitions.
Section 2
Subsection (1) amends the definition of designated centres in section 2(1) of the Health Act 2007 to include undertakings (both unincorporated and incorporated, and whether established for gain or not established for gain) who are involved in the provision of professional home care services.
Subsection (2) provides that professional home care should be defined as services which are required to ensure that an adult person can continue to live independently in their own home. This may include, but is not limited to the services of nurses, home care attendants, home helps, various therapies and personal care. It provides that palliative care be included in the definition of professional home care. It also provides that the proposed legislative framework should apply to undertakings who provide professional home care to persons aged 18 years and over.
Section 3
Subsection (1) provides that section 8(1)(b) of the Health Act 2007 be amended to extend the functions of the Health Information and Quality Authority (HIQA) to include the setting of standards in relation to services provided by professional home care providers.
Subsection (2)(a) and (b) provides that: the Health Service Executive’s 2008 draft National Quality Guidelines for Home Care Support Services should form the basis for National Standards for Professional Home Care to be prepared by HIQA under the Health Act 2007; that the proposed National Standards should provide guidance on all aspects of professional home care, including the detailed requirements derived from the necessary ministerial Regulations on professional home care to be made under section 101 of the Health Act 2007, any protective measures necessary, and the sanctions that will apply in the event of a breach of the standards; and that the standards form the basis for the individual contract of care between the professional care provider and the care recipient.
Subsection (2)(c) deals with the issue concerning risk assessments.
Subsection (2)(d) deals with the matter concerning the care plan (see section 6(2) of the Bill, below), including the companionship plan, the home care plan and advance home care plan.
Subsection (2)(e) provides that the standards include requirements concerning the handling of money and property by the professional care provider on behalf of the care recipient.
Subsection (2)(f) provides that the standards include specific guidance on safety and health requirements in the delivery of professional care in the home, including suitable guidance on manual handling (which are to be developed in liaison with the Health and Safety Authority).
Subsection (2)(g) provides that the standards include relevant and detailed training requirements for those providing professional home care services.
Subsection (2)(h) seeks to ensure that the standards provide that a contract for the provision of home care must include specific provisions setting out, in plain and easily understood language, the fee arrangements between the contracting parties for the agreed services.
Subsection (3) provides the guiding principles to be applied in the legislative framework.
Section 4
This section provides that the Social Services Inspectorate (SSI) establish a registry of all professional home carers.
Section 5
This section provides that the Ministerial regulation-making power conferred on the Minister for Health by section 101 of the Health Act 2007 be extended to include the authority to make regulations that apply to an undertaking involved in the provision of professional home care services.
Section 6
Subsection (1) provides that an assessment of needs of the care recipient must be carried out prior to the provision of care and that the Assessment considers both the needs of and the outcomes desired by the care recipient.
The assessment must include an assessment of companionship needs, care needs and the advanced home care needs of the care recipient.
Companionship needs may include preparing snacks, monitoring diet and eating, arranging appointments, reminders for medication, overseeing home deliveries and organising visits to neighbours and friends. Home care may include meal preparation, light housekeeping, providing transport, assisting with walking and exercise, assisting with personal hygiene and dressing.
Advanced home care involves the highest level of care and may involve some health care and may include personal care, respite care, dementia care, early Alzheimer’s care, assistance with continence and toileting and palliative care.
An undertaking providing professional home care services must also ensure that the level of care is appropriately attuned to the actual needs of the person and must, in particular, ensure that the level of care provided is not too high and promotes the autonomy and independence of the care recipient to the fullest degree.
Subsection (2) provides for a care plan, which must include the companionship plan, the home care plan and advance home care plan.
Subsection (3) provides that an undertaking providing professional home care services must make available an easily understood, well publicised and accessible complaints procedure.
Subsection (4) provides that an undertaking providing professional home care services must have policies in place to ensure that professional home care recipients are protected from all forms of abuse.
Subsection (5) provides that an undertaking providing professional home care services must agree with the care recipient policies and procedures on the administration of medication in the home, which must then be included in the care plan; and must maintain a log in the home of all medication administered, which must be accessible to all.
Subsection (6) provides that an undertaking providing professional home care services must include in the contract for care policies and procedures concerning the handling of money and property by the professional care provider on behalf of the care recipient.
Subsection (7) provides that only suitably trained personnel may provide professional home care.
Subsection (8) provides that an undertaking providing professional home care services must adequately supervise the individual home care providers to ensure the maintenance of care standards
The committee report that lead to the introduction of this Bill can be read about here, from the Irish times
Criminal Justice (Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing) (Amendment) Bill 2020 in Dáil Éireann
As above
Thanks for reading : )
Also I made a Subreddit called Oireachtas that just has the weekly posts i have made if anyone wants to go through them, I intend to use it as a archive for these posts.Link to it here
submitted by PlasticCoffee to Oireachtas [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 08:42 PlasticCoffee Bills scheduled for discussion in Dáil Éireann from the 21st of September 2020 till the 27th of September 2020.

Bills scheduled for discussion in Dáil Éireann from the 21st of September 2020 till the 27th of September 2020.
This information was found on oireachtas.ie the official government website for the Government, Oireachtas.ie does say that the schedule is subject to change at short notice.
A lot of the descriptions are in legalese and they reference legal statutes and other laws, but these descriptions are from oireachtas.ie. If you follow the link you can also find a link to the bills in question themselves.
Let me know if you think this could be done better.
Bills scheduled for discussion
Subject to change at short notice
Tue, 22 Sep 2020
Criminal Justice (Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing) (Amendment) Bill 2020 in Dáil Éireann
Sponsored by: Minister for Justice and Equality, Helen McEntee (FG)
Source: Government
Originating House: Dáil Éireann
Official Description :
Bill entitled an Act to amend the Criminal Justice (Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing) Act 2010 to give effect to Directive (EU) 2018/843 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 amending Directive (EU) 2015/849 on the prevention of the use of the financial system for the purposes of money laundering or terrorist financing, and amending Directives 2009/138/EC and 2013/36/EU; and to provide for related matters.
Expanded Description :
The primary purpose of the Bill is to amend the Criminal Justice (Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing) Act 2010 (‘the Act of 2010’) in order to transpose, in part, Directive (EU) 2018/843 on the prevention of the use of the financial system for the purposes of money laundering or terrorist financing, into national law.
It improves the safeguards for financial transactions to and from high-risk third countries and sets new limits on the use of anonymous pre-paid cards; brings a number of new ‘designated bodies’ under the existing legislation; enhances the customer due diligence requirements; prohibits credit and financial institutions from creating anonymous safe-deposit boxes; provides for the issuing of Ministerial guidance in relation to ‘prominent public functions’ in respect of politically exposed persons (PEPs) and includes a number of technical amendments to other provisions of the Act.
This Bill provides for lowering the value limits for carrying out simplified due diligence on e-money instruments. This means that a person supplying e-money instruments, such as a pre-paid card, will be required to conduct customer due diligence when the value of the requested card is €150 or higher. The existing threshold is €250.
This Bill provides for a defence to proceedings in relation to ‘tipping-off’ where the designated person can prove that the entity to whom the information was disclosed was a specified financial institution, which is connected to the designated person or part of the same group structure
This Bill also provides that where a designated person is entering a business relationship with another entity, they must take steps to obtain the relevant information from the appropriate register of beneficial ownership and must not engage in that business relationship until the relevant information is obtained. By way of derogation, a financial institution is allowed to open an account ahead of obtaining the information but cannot allow any transactions on that account.
Wed, 23 Sep 2020
Defence (Amendment) Bill 2020 in Dáil Éireann
Sponsored by: Minister for Defence, Simon Coveney (FG)
Source: Government
Originating House: Dáil Éireann
Official Description :
Bill entitled an Act to amend the Defence Act 1954 and the Defence (Amendment) (No. 2) Act 1979; and to provide for related matters.
Expanded Description :
This Bill (Insertion of new section 17A in Principal Act) inserts a new section (section 17A) into the Defence Act 1954 to permit the delegation by the Minister for Defence of a limited degree of control and authority over a Defence Forces contingent (referred to as ‘operational control’ in this amendment) deployed as part of an international force to the Force Commander of that force. The amendment will not alter the current command structure within the Irish Defence Forces but merely underpins current practice in relation to day to day operational control of contingents of the Permanent Defence Force (PDF) engaged in international operations.
A. The amendment provides that a delegation of operational control by the Minister for Defence to the Force Commander will be in writing and may be subject to such exceptions and limitations as the Minister may determine, having had regard to such requirements as are necessary for the efficient operation of the mission concerned. Any delegation of operational control will provide as follows:
(i) in so far as is necessary to ensure the efficient operation of a mission, provide that each member of the Defence Forces assigned to an international force led by a Force Commander shall comply with every lawful order issued to him or her by a member of the international force in his or her military chain of command, subject to any exclusions as may be specified in the written delegation;
(ii) provide that the military police component of the international force under the authority of the Force Commander may arrest and detain a member of the Defence Forces provided such member is handed over as soon as possible to the Irish contingent commander or the designated senior Irish officer;
(iii) provide that each member of the Defence Forces in respect of whom a delegation of operational control is made shall cooperate with the military police component of the international force;
(iv) include any other ancillary provisions in relation to the delegation of operational control as the Minister may deem to be necessary for the efficient operation of the mission to which the delegation refers.
B. This Bill includes a number of amendments to the Defence Act 1954 to facilitate the re-enlistment of suitably-qualified former enlisted members of the Defence Forces to fill certain positions.
The intention is that this provision will be used to enlist suitably-qualified former enlisted persons in the PDF to fill certain positions. Any person enlisted under this section will have particular skills and expertise required by the Defence Forces which cannot be met through the use of existing military resources.
Persons enlisted under this section will be enlisted for a specified period and for a specified purpose (involving the use of a particular skill or area or expertise) and will not be subject to the normal service requirements which apply to persons enlisted under section 53. In addition, any person enlisted under this section will be required to meet general eligibility criteria (including in relation to physical fitness) to ensure that he or she will be capable of performing normal military duties (including, if necessary, in relation to overseas service).
C. This Bill contains a amendment being amended to provide for a application that is submitted relating to application for an extension of time to bring forward an appeal for a summary cour martial provided any such application is broug before the end of the “initial period”.
There will now be no requirement on the summary court-martial to be available to consider the application for an extension before the end of the “initial period” (that is, the summary court-martial will have the flexibility to consider the application and issue a decision after the expiry of the “initial period”).
D. This Bill also includes a series of amendments to remove the references in the Defence Act to the enlistment of persons under the age of 18 as the Defence Act still contains references to the enlistment of minors.
Criminal Justice (Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing) (Amendment) Bill 2020 in Dáil Éireann
As Above
Sick Leave and Parental Leave (Covid-19) Bill 2020 in Dáil Éireann
Sponsored by: Alan Kelly (Labour)
Source: Private Member
Originating House: Dáil Éireann
Official Description :
Bill entitled an Act to provide for an entitlement for employees to paid leave during periods of illness or injury; to amend the entitlement to leave on grounds of force majeure for parents whose children are unable to attend school or a pre-school service by reason of Covid-19 measures; and to provide for connected matters.
Expanded Description :
In many European states, some or all employers are required by law to make provision for sick leave, i.e., paid time off from work for workers when they are ill.
In Ireland there are no laws mandating sick leave although some employers, particularly in the public sector, offer it voluntarily or under a collective bargaining agreement.Generally, therefore, there is in Ireland no legal right to be paid while on sick leave from work.
Each employer can decide its own policy on sick leave, but it must provide its employees with written information about its sick leave policy. An employee can apply for illness benefit from the Department of Employment Affairs and Social Protection, payable at a maximum weekly rate of €203.
If the employer chooses to provide sick pay at a higher rate, the employee may be asked to sign over any illness benefit payment to the employer for as long as the sick pay continues. The employee will suffer no net loss of income.
If the employer does not provide sick pay, then the social welfare payment is all that the employee will receive, at a time when living expenses may well be increased as a result of illness.
The result is that many workers, particularly those in unorganised and precarious employment, are at risk of suffering financially – and in some cases even of losing their job – if they become sick.
At a time when Covid-19 is endemic and when persons who are possible sources of infection are called upon to restrict their movements, the current rules act as a disincentive for workers to comply with public health guidelines.
The purpose of this Bill is set out in its long title as being to provide for an entitlement for employees to paid leave during periods of illness or injury, and to provide for connected matters.
More reporting about this Bill can be read here, from Anglo celt.ie
Thu, 24 Sep 2020
Health (Amendment) (Professional Home Care) Bill 2020 in Dáil Éireann
Sponsored by: Colm Burke (FG); Emer Higgins (FG)
Source: Private Member
Originating House: Dáil Éireann
Official Description :
Bill entitled an Act to provide for the regulation of professional home care, for that purpose to amend the Health Act 2007 and to provide for related matters.
Expanded Description :
This legislation is a follow on from the Law Reform Commission Report published in December 2011. This legislation proposes to amend the Health Act 2007 and in particular provides for an appropriate regulatory framework and legal standards to be put in place for professional home carers (as opposed to informal carers) engaged in the provision of care to people in their own home.
Section 1
This is a standard section setting out necessary definitions.
Section 2
Subsection (1) amends the definition of designated centres in section 2(1) of the Health Act 2007 to include undertakings (both unincorporated and incorporated, and whether established for gain or not established for gain) who are involved in the provision of professional home care services.
Subsection (2) provides that professional home care should be defined as services which are required to ensure that an adult person can continue to live independently in their own home. This may include, but is not limited to the services of nurses, home care attendants, home helps, various therapies and personal care. It provides that palliative care be included in the definition of professional home care. It also provides that the proposed legislative framework should apply to undertakings who provide professional home care to persons aged 18 years and over.
Section 3
Subsection (1) provides that section 8(1)(b) of the Health Act 2007 be amended to extend the functions of the Health Information and Quality Authority (HIQA) to include the setting of standards in relation to services provided by professional home care providers.
Subsection (2)(a) and (b) provides that: the Health Service Executive’s 2008 draft National Quality Guidelines for Home Care Support Services should form the basis for National Standards for Professional Home Care to be prepared by HIQA under the Health Act 2007; that the proposed National Standards should provide guidance on all aspects of professional home care, including the detailed requirements derived from the necessary ministerial Regulations on professional home care to be made under section 101 of the Health Act 2007, any protective measures necessary, and the sanctions that will apply in the event of a breach of the standards; and that the standards form the basis for the individual contract of care between the professional care provider and the care recipient.
Subsection (2)(c) deals with the issue concerning risk assessments.
Subsection (2)(d) deals with the matter concerning the care plan (see section 6(2) of the Bill, below), including the companionship plan, the home care plan and advance home care plan.
Subsection (2)(e) provides that the standards include requirements concerning the handling of money and property by the professional care provider on behalf of the care recipient.
Subsection (2)(f) provides that the standards include specific guidance on safety and health requirements in the delivery of professional care in the home, including suitable guidance on manual handling (which are to be developed in liaison with the Health and Safety Authority).
Subsection (2)(g) provides that the standards include relevant and detailed training requirements for those providing professional home care services.
Subsection (2)(h) seeks to ensure that the standards provide that a contract for the provision of home care must include specific provisions setting out, in plain and easily understood language, the fee arrangements between the contracting parties for the agreed services.
Subsection (3) provides the guiding principles to be applied in the legislative framework.
Section 4
This section provides that the Social Services Inspectorate (SSI) establish a registry of all professional home carers.
Section 5
This section provides that the Ministerial regulation-making power conferred on the Minister for Health by section 101 of the Health Act 2007 be extended to include the authority to make regulations that apply to an undertaking involved in the provision of professional home care services.
Section 6
Subsection (1) provides that an assessment of needs of the care recipient must be carried out prior to the provision of care and that the Assessment considers both the needs of and the outcomes desired by the care recipient.
The assessment must include an assessment of companionship needs, care needs and the advanced home care needs of the care recipient.
Companionship needs may include preparing snacks, monitoring diet and eating, arranging appointments, reminders for medication, overseeing home deliveries and organising visits to neighbours and friends. Home care may include meal preparation, light housekeeping, providing transport, assisting with walking and exercise, assisting with personal hygiene and dressing.
Advanced home care involves the highest level of care and may involve some health care and may include personal care, respite care, dementia care, early Alzheimer’s care, assistance with continence and toileting and palliative care.
An undertaking providing professional home care services must also ensure that the level of care is appropriately attuned to the actual needs of the person and must, in particular, ensure that the level of care provided is not too high and promotes the autonomy and independence of the care recipient to the fullest degree.
Subsection (2) provides for a care plan, which must include the companionship plan, the home care plan and advance home care plan.
Subsection (3) provides that an undertaking providing professional home care services must make available an easily understood, well publicised and accessible complaints procedure.
Subsection (4) provides that an undertaking providing professional home care services must have policies in place to ensure that professional home care recipients are protected from all forms of abuse.
Subsection (5) provides that an undertaking providing professional home care services must agree with the care recipient policies and procedures on the administration of medication in the home, which must then be included in the care plan; and must maintain a log in the home of all medication administered, which must be accessible to all.
Subsection (6) provides that an undertaking providing professional home care services must include in the contract for care policies and procedures concerning the handling of money and property by the professional care provider on behalf of the care recipient.
Subsection (7) provides that only suitably trained personnel may provide professional home care.
Subsection (8) provides that an undertaking providing professional home care services must adequately supervise the individual home care providers to ensure the maintenance of care standards
The committee report that lead to the introduction of this Bill can be read about here, from the Irish times
Criminal Justice (Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing) (Amendment) Bill 2020 in Dáil Éireann
As above
Thanks for reading : )
Also I made a Subreddit called Oireachtas that just has the weekly posts i have made if anyone wants to go through them, I intend to use it as a archive for these posts.Link to it here
submitted by PlasticCoffee to irishpolitics [link] [comments]


2020.09.20 15:39 BeezleyBillyBubbb Collapse Beginner's Guide - Numbers & Sources

Green Energy Fraud
2020 : Fossil fuels remained 80% of global energy for over 25 years ( Climate Change News 2019 )
2020 : 2% of global energy is solar and wind%20by%20source) -- after 20 yrs trying ( IEA 2020 )
2020 : Energy related emissions up 30% in 30 years ( IEA 2020 )
2025 : 66% of world will live in water stressed areas ( Nat Geo 2020 )
2030 : Emission must fall 50% in 10 years to stay under 1.5 C ( Sci Am 2019 )
2030 : World will produce 120% more fossil fuel than needed to stay under 1.5 C ( UN 2019 )
2040 : 7% of global energy will be renewable ( CAPP 2019 )
2040 : 15% of global energy will be renewable ( IEA 2019 )
2040 : 15% of global energy will be renewable ( WSJ BP 2019 )
2050 : Energy demand to increase 50% ( EIA 2019 )
2050 : 50% of electricity will be renewable ( EIA 2019 )
But electricity is only 20% of global energy ( IEA 2019 )
In the Stated Policies Scenario, global electricity demand grows at 2.1% per year to 2040, twice the rate of primary energy demand. This raises electricity’s share in total final energy consumption from 19% in 2018 to 24% in 2040.
2060 : 600 ppm CO2 BAU = 2X safe limit of 300 ppm set by James Hansen
Mass Extinction
World has failed all 20 global biodiversity targets set in 2010 ( inews 2020 )
1 million species of plants and animals at risk of extinction ( Nat Geo 2019 )
97% of great freash water species gone since 1970 ( Guardian 2019 )
96% of mammals are livestock and human ( Ecowatch 2018 )
96% of tigers gone in 100 years ( IFL Science 2019 )
90% of elephants gone in 100 years ( Hurriet 2019 )
90% of lions gone in 100 years ( African Impact 2019 )
90% of Leatherback sea turtles gone since 1980 ( Earth Watch undated )
90% of Monarch Butterflies gone in 20 years ( Inhabitat 2014 )
80% of Antarctic Krill gone in 30 years ( Research Gate 2005 )
77% of Eastern lowland gorillas gone since 1996 ( Treehugger 2020 )
60% of world’s wildlife has been wiped out since 1970 ( CBC 2018 )
50% of Marine vertebrates gone since 1970 ( WWF 2015 )
50% of Great Barrier Reef gone since 1985 ( Live Science 2012 )
40% of Giraffes gone since 1990 ( NRDC 2019 )
40% less insects in next 30 years ( PNAS 2019 )
4% of mammals are wildlife ( Vegan News 2020 )
700 Marine Species Might Go Extinct Because of Plastic ( Green Planet 2019 )
500 vertebrate species of less than 1,000 individuals ( PNAS 2020 )
500 species of animal have gone extinct since 1900 ( RD 2019 )
Runaway Hothouse Earth
Tipping points are where a tiny change could push a system into a completely new state
Nine ‘tipping points’ that could be triggered by climate change ( Carbon Brief 2020 )
As Climate Change Worsens, A Cascade of Tipping Points Looms ( Yale 360 2019 )
Earth risks tipping into 'hothouse' state ( Phy Org 2018 )
Nine climate tipping points now 'active,' warn scientists ( Science Daily 2019 )
Climate change driving entire planet to dangerous 'tipping point' ( Nat Geo 2019 )
Tipping Elements - the Achilles Heels of the Earth System ( Potsdam 2017 )
Conclusion
The world has failed in every conceivable way for over 30 years
The climate Conference Of Parties is dead, it just doesn't know it yet
REAL CLIMATE JUSTICE = 100% PRIVATE GLOBAL CARBON UBI = 0% FOR GOVERNMENTS
Private carbon dividends were first proposed by James Hansen and several economists 10 years ago
The key to effective private dividends is a monthly rebate deposit to citizens only
Not to corporations or governments, that's why corporations and governments hate it
27 Nobel Prize winning economists support Hansen's dividends, including:
3,589 U.S. Economists,
4 Former Chairs of the Federal Reserve and
ALL 15 Former Chairs of the Council of Economic Advisers
Hansen said private monthly dividends would unite left and right to reduce emissions faster than any other way.
IMO this is humanity's biggest failure and proof enough to me that we're toast
submitted by BeezleyBillyBubbb to DarkFuturology [link] [comments]


2020.09.20 15:36 BeezleyBillyBubbb Environmental Collapse Guide - Numbers & Sources

Green Energy Fraud
2020 : Fossil fuels remained 80% of global energy for over 25 years ( Climate Change News 2019 )
2020 : 2% of global energy is solar and wind%20by%20source) -- after 20 yrs trying ( IEA 2020 )
2020 : Energy related emissions up 30% in 30 years ( IEA 2020 )
2025 : 66% of world will live in water stressed areas ( Nat Geo 2020 )
2030 : Emission must fall 50% in 10 years to stay under 1.5 C ( Sci Am 2019 )
2030 : World will produce 120% more fossil fuel than needed to stay under 1.5 C ( UN 2019 )
2040 : 7% of global energy will be renewable ( CAPP 2019 )
2040 : 15% of global energy will be renewable ( IEA 2019 )
2040 : 15% of global energy will be renewable ( WSJ BP 2019 )
2050 : Energy demand to increase 50% ( EIA 2019 )
2050 : 50% of electricity will be renewable ( EIA 2019 )
But electricity is only 20% of global energy ( IEA 2019 )
In the Stated Policies Scenario, global electricity demand grows at 2.1% per year to 2040, twice the rate of primary energy demand. This raises electricity’s share in total final energy consumption from 19% in 2018 to 24% in 2040.
2060 : 600 ppm CO2 BAU = 2X safe limit of 300 ppm set by James Hansen
Mass Extinction
World has failed all 20 global biodiversity targets set in 2010 ( inews 2020 )
1 million species of plants and animals at risk of extinction ( Nat Geo 2019 )
97% of great freash water species gone since 1970 ( Guardian 2019 )
96% of mammals are livestock and human ( Ecowatch 2018 )
96% of tigers gone in 100 years ( IFL Science 2019 )
90% of elephants gone in 100 years ( Hurriet 2019 )
90% of lions gone in 100 years ( African Impact 2019 )
90% of Leatherback sea turtles gone since 1980 ( Earth Watch undated )
90% of Monarch Butterflies gone in 20 years ( Inhabitat 2014 )
80% of Antarctic Krill gone in 30 years ( Research Gate 2005 )
77% of Eastern lowland gorillas gone since 1996 ( Treehugger 2020 )
60% of world’s wildlife has been wiped out since 1970 ( CBC 2018 )
50% of Marine vertebrates gone since 1970 ( WWF 2015 )
50% of Great Barrier Reef gone since 1985 ( Live Science 2012 )
40% of Giraffes gone since 1990 ( NRDC 2019 )
40% less insects in next 30 years ( PNAS 2019 )
4% of mammals are wildlife ( Vegan News 2020 )
700 Marine Species Might Go Extinct Because of Plastic ( Green Planet 2019 )
500 vertebrate species of less than 1,000 individuals ( PNAS 2020 )
500 species of animal have gone extinct since 1900 ( RD 2019 )
Runaway Hothouse Earth
Tipping points are where a tiny change could push a system into a completely new state
Nine ‘tipping points’ that could be triggered by climate change ( Carbon Brief 2020 )
As Climate Change Worsens, A Cascade of Tipping Points Looms ( Yale 360 2019 )
Earth risks tipping into 'hothouse' state ( Phy Org 2018 )
Nine climate tipping points now 'active,' warn scientists ( Science Daily 2019 )
Climate change driving entire planet to dangerous 'tipping point' ( Nat Geo 2019 )
Tipping Elements - the Achilles Heels of the Earth System ( Potsdam 2017 )
Conclusion
The world has failed in every conceivable way for over 30 years
The climate Conference Of Parties is dead, it just doesn't know it yet
REAL CLIMATE JUSTICE = 100% PRIVATE GLOBAL CARBON UBI = 0% FOR GOVERNMENTS
Private carbon dividends were first proposed by James Hansen and several economists 10 years ago
The key to effective private dividends is a monthly rebate deposit to citizens only
Not to corporations or governments, that's why corporations and governments hate it
27 Nobel Prize winning economists support Hansen's dividends, including:
3,589 U.S. Economists,
4 Former Chairs of the Federal Reserve and
ALL 15 Former Chairs of the Council of Economic Advisers
Hansen said private monthly dividends would unite left and right to reduce emissions faster than any other way.
IMO this is humanity's biggest failure and proof enough to me that we're toast
submitted by BeezleyBillyBubbb to environment [link] [comments]


2020.09.20 06:38 Orfan_Crippl3r Questions for translators

Hi, sorry if this doesn't belong here, but I couldn't find a subreddit dedicated to a community of manga translators so I assumed this was the next best thing. I have some general questions I've been curious about asking, but I've never met another manga translator in real life. Some general notes about me: I translate alone. I don't have a group, although if I had the cash it'd be nice to pay assistants.. I don't translate for any websites, I only do a few select series for my own personal use (series that I love with all my heart but dislike the available translations, so I make my own). I've been doing it on and off for around four or five years now, I like my process but it's always evolving and it's way too tedious (maybe because I'm doing everything alone). I lack efficiency and experience. So I was hoping to pick the brain of more experienced fan translators. Any advice or insight would be appreciated, even if it's not related to the questions I'm asking.
Random questions:
That's all I can come up with off the top of my head. Apologies again if this is the wrong place. Thank you for answering, if you do. If not, thanks for browsing.
submitted by Orfan_Crippl3r to manga [link] [comments]


2020.09.19 23:37 Garvinfred Interested in coming to Burning Man in 2021? This is your Reddit Survival Guide! Read this first before you post a question!

Before you read any further, no one has any idea if Burning Man will exist in 2021 (or even 2022). The below information is what this sub posted in prior years, which was helpful. No has any idea if any of this will be true, accurate or helpful for future years. No one knows. But at least it’ll get you started. In the meantime, watch this video to experience the joy of 2019 Burning Man: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N4hL7t8cfus and hold off on buying any plane tickets until you know 2021 will happen.
If you're a first time burner or first time poster read through this before you post. It may answer the question you were thinking of making a new thread about (and many more you didn't know you had!). Over time this post will get the occasional update as things change and new and updated information becomes available.
  1. If you haven't already you should READ THE OFFICIAL BURNING MAN SURVIVAL GUIDE! (https://survival.burningman.org/). Seriously.
  2. Got kids coming along? Read the Burning Man Official Family Survival Guide: https://z9hbb3mwou383x1930ve0ugl-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/BurningMan_Family_SurvivalGuide.pdf). Kidsville has its own survivial guide: https://docs.google.com/document/pub?id=14OtP0p7IxGcWhbr0yrbhUuHEo271Njx-mSingO4TTX4
  3. Read the Survival Guide again. It's required reading for the event so you may as well get that done. The First Timers Guide (https://burningman.org/event/preparation/first-timers-guide/) is also required reading if you've never been before. And of course the Preparation Guide (https://burningman.org/event/preparation/) will answer a lot of your questions.
  4. There's also a whole heap of info and links in the sidebar of this sub right over there --->
  5. Please do a search of this subreddit (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/search?q=&restrict_sr=on&sort=relevance&t=all) before you post a question to avoid asking something that has already been answered a bunch of times. If you start a thread that could have been answered by using any of the above resources you'll likely catch snark. And you'll kinda deserve it. Radical self reliance is one of the principles after all.
Ticket Info:
• No ticket information for 2021 has been announced. The ticket info announcement date varies each year but we have no idea what will happen for 2021 or 2022. A guess is that some update will be given by January or February 2021 at the latest. Info on tickets can be found at https://tickets.burningman.org.
• Read this (https://eplaya.burningman.org/viewtopic.php?f=464&t=76740) on how to avoid being scammed when buying a ticket in the aftermarket. Buyer beware for fakes and scams and if the deal seems to good to be true, it probably is.
• See this announcement (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/4wuwa2/from_bm_ticketing_scam_alert/) from Burning Man Ticketing about a common scam.
• We don't allow ticket requests or sales anywhere in the sub other than in a specific official buy/sell tickets thread, which will get posted once tickets are actually available. If you create a separate post about your unique, particular and very special need for tickets, it will get deleted.
• If you have questions about lost tickets or anything else to do with your order email Ticket Support ([email protected]). Please don’t contact them to ask when ticket information will be announced.
Events, Parties & Workshops
• The events guide for 2021 will eventually be here in its entirety: https://playaevents.burningman.org/2021/playa_events/1 (Pro tip: the book you get at greeters contains only a very small portion of the scheduled events). This website compiles all the events in a giant printable Excel spreadsheet shortly before the Burning Week starts: http://www.justin-klein.com/playaevents-excel-exporte. Wanna know what you missed in 2019? Have at it: https://playaevents.burningman.org/2019/playa_events/01/. Wanna know what you missed in 2020? Go here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1sJmmz5x_AM
• Lots of famous DJs play at Burning Man but the burn is NOT a music festival. There are no main stages and the majority of folks who attend aren't just there to chase DJs. For these and other reasons, camps and art cars are encouraged not to announce/promote their lineups until just before the burn. Rockstarlibrarian.com produces an unofficial guide that, when it comes out, will be your best source of info on who is playing where and when. Patience! It gets released just before the event.
Bring Art!
• The Honorarium process (free money from Burning Man!) for creating, making and bring art to Burning Man. Submit a letter of intent by the deadline or lose out on the free cash (that, of course, comes with strings, but free cash!): https://burningman.org/culture/burning-man-arts/grants/brc-honoraria/. No idea if this will still exist.
• Want to bring art without going through the Honoraria process! It’s easy and fun and everyone should do it. The process starts here: https://profiles.burningman.org/participate/brc/
• Need some inspiration or curious as to what types of art to bring? Skim through the placed art for 2018 and 2019: https://burningman.org/event/brc/2019-art-installations/ and https://burningman.org/culture/history/brc-history/event-archives/2018-event-archive/2018-art-installations/. Want to know what art was "brought" in 2020? Go to https://brcvr.org/
• Your art can be big or small, have fire or not, and the Burning Man ARTery (the art department) is helpful and there to help you bring art to the playa: https://journal.burningman.org/2018/08/black-rock-city/participate-in-brc/the-joy-of-small-art/
Volunteer!
• Want to get involved but not sure where or how? Start here: https://burningman.org/network/get-involved/volunteering-bmp/ and https://burningman.org/event/volunteering/teams/
Coming from far away or want to stay close to home?
https://regionals.burningman.org/regionals/
https://regionals.burningman.org/
The Reddit Meet-Up:
• There will likely be one on Wednesday during the event at the camp called Automatic Subconscious. Something may or may not get announced here so check the above events website when the time comes. There will be booze and probably only mildly annoying music. Come enjoy the dusty floor and the views from the Automatic Subconscious nest. Search Reddit meetup in this sub to meet those who in the past remembered to show up.
Placement:
• Find your Facebook friends on playa with Burner Map: https://burnermap.com/welcome.php
• Check out the Unofficial BRC Map: http://unofficialbrcmap.com.
• There are other unofficial apps for placements and events: https://iburnapp.com/. In 2019 Burning Man had its own app so you can create your personalized list of events and places to go.
GENERAL INFO/FAQ
• We previously had a whole bunch of questions about yurts (and yurt tape) so check out these threads (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/search?q=yurt&sort=new&restrict_sr=on&t=all) before starting one of your own please.
• Going Solo is a topic that comes up super often, so much so this thread (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/4uyhww/should_i_go_to_burning_man_solo/)popped up recently. This one (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/4so7js/potentially_being_bailed_on_last_minute_solo_tips/) also has good tips. And this one (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/4dk11b/has_anyone_gone_solo/) and this one (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/448qpn/is_burning_man_a_good_place_to_visit_solo/). Did we mention there’s a search button?
• Joining a camp is NOT a requirement. If you do it should be because you're excited about their playa gift and you want to help them give it, not because they'll feed and shelter you. Your best best for finding a camp to join is checking out the appropriate part of ePlaya (https://eplaya.burningman.org/viewforum.php?f=523) and the Burning Man website: https://burningman.org/event/camps/so-you-want-to-camp-at-burning-man Other great threads worth checking out
• Playa misconceptions (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/1rjtcu/playa_misconception_thread/)
• What to expect your first few hours on (and on the way to) playa (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/299b3y/what_to_expect_your_first_few_hours_on_and_on_the/)
• Advice you won't find in the "official" guides (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/1v49r7/advice_you_wont_find_in_the_official_guides/)
• Disasters at Burning Man (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/3rp7ze/disasters_at_burning_man/)
• What are your can't-live-without playa lifesavers? (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/3ec9l3/what_are_your_cantlivewithout_playa_lifesavers/)
• Or do you just need a bunch of Burning Man stories on a cold night while sipping warm pickle juice? (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/6a6p35/what_is_burning_man/)
Weekly Topics
• This sub previously had weekly topics of discussion that were SUPER and extraordinarily useful. Go to this Google Doc with links to all the threads: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/14peyHqVLJdhmB4RokQKBBoqAHAvjoMSo-DR04By2ohM/edit#gid=0. This is a wonderful resource if you have the time to read through it all or it you are looking for info on a particular topic. Pretty much every question you may have is answered here and the answers are pretty timeless.
POSTING GUIDELINES
If you're posting something of interest to the community and not asking a question this advice probably isn't for you. If you're after experiences or opinions, great. If your question is super specific or a bit surly, fine. But if you're asking a simple question here before doing at least a bit of research yourself be prepared for some snarky responses. It's just our way.
DO NOT post a link to a fundraiser without reading our guidelines first: https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/wiki/fundraising. Failure to do so could result in your thread being deleted or you getting some less than pleasant feedback. Fundraiser posts must be marked with a “fundraiser” flair (once you post, go back to your post and you’ll see this option).
Posts with nudity must be marked with NSFW flair (once you post, go back to your post and you’ll see this option).
Posts including photos where it's not clear the photographer has the subject's consent are not ok and will be removed.
Posts for selling/advertising/promoting may be removed at the discretion of the Mod Team depending on their content. Generally, the Mod Team doesn’t like sales posts.
Post containing links with referral codes will be removed. Posts selling commodified burn related products will be removed. Posts promoting your YouTube channel/blog/website will be removed if that's all your account is used for or if it's clear your site is looking to profit off our members. Repeated posts of this nature will result in your account being banned.
Other than that, welcome to the dust. (with gratitude to jovankat, from whom I blatantly copied most of the above and kept the original Australian term "heap").
submitted by Garvinfred to BurningMan [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 13:00 DarthEquus The History of Medicalized Circumcision Part 5: 1980-2019

The History of Medicalized Circumcision Part 5: 1980-2019
A new wave of genital cutting was begun with Wiswell in the '80s based on neonatal UTI incidence. He reached his conclusions by comparing children born in a hospital with universal infant circumcision who were born prematurely and whose poor health had prevented routine circumcision at birth. Notably he also commanded parents to treat the child's foreskin destructively only to use the resultant damage as evidence circumcision was necessary. The bigger question about this unfortunately successful infant genital surgery promotion is how was it ever accepted as valid science? To (1998) found the rate of UTI in Canadian infants was reduced 3.5 times but that was really from only 0.7% to 0.2%. So while it sounds like a lot as a relative rate, it would take almost 200 surgeries to prevent a single UTI.
The much more powerful and significant wave of circumcision activism beginning in the 1980s was the terribly successful lie that male genital cutting could significantly help prevent HIV infection. This idea did not reach significant development until after 2000 when John Hopkins circumcision activists designed and performed the large and expensive African RCTs to "prove" male circumcision prevented HIV infection in men based on studies comparing groups with differing levels of STI awareness counseling, the most likely real cause of the recorded effect. That flaw would be fatal, but there were many other problems with those studies besides that. See Boyle & Hill 2011, Van Howe and Storms (2011), and Green (2008) for critiques of those studies.

1980: ~80% of the newborn American male population is circumcised and 67% of adult men

https://preview.redd.it/m52eo19mlim51.jpg?width=840&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=739f5049e289c17c427740de92e278457d754c54
1980 Edward Wallerstein published Circumcision: An American Health Fallacy detailing the sordid history of the medicalized genital cutting movement in the volume that launched the modern intactivist movement.
1982 Former U.S. Surgeon General C. Everett Koop, M.D. wrote in the Saturday Evening Post: "All of the Western world raises its children uncircumcised and it seems logical that, with the extent of health knowledge in those countries, such a practice must be safe."
1983 Hugh C. Thompson recognized there did not appear to be any good reason to continue circumcision. [The Value of Neonatal Circumcision: An Unanswered and Perhaps Unanswerable Question. Am J Dis Child. — [full text]]
"Neonatologists have regarded the operation [circumcision] as without merit. Physicians in all fields agree on the necessity for careful explanation to the parents, preferably before the infant is born. They deplore the occasional grave complications that are largely produced by poor technique and inexperienced operators. One major reason formerly used to justify neonatal circumcision—correction or prevention of phimosis—has been shown to be untenable by serial studies from birth to adulthood. The major indications now proposed as justifying the procedure are prevention of penile [skin] cancer [which is rarer than male breast cancer] and balanitis and a reduction in herpes genitalis and, possibly, cancer of the uterine cervix [disproved and more recently shown to be caused by HPV]. These diseases are decades removed from the neonatal period, and opponents of circumcision regard them as lacking incontrovertible proof or as inconsequential."
1983 Money & Davison found that four of the five men circumcised as adults in their study rated penile sensitivity as diminished. They didn't describe the difference very articulately but they noted differences included "diminished penile sensitivity, less penile gratification, more penile pain, and cosmetic deformity".
"Removal of the entire foreskin, or even part of it, may require a change in masturbatory technique, insofar as there is less or no redundant [sic] skin to be stretched forward or backward [the eversion of the foreskin is more like rolling but with more fluidity]. Thus, there needs to be more reliance on some other surface, for example, the lubricated skin of the fingers or palm, to provide ether rotary or longitudinal friction directly to the shaft of the penis. What has been lost in circumcision is the stretch effect and hypothetically, receptors that provide proprioceptive stretch sensation from the foreskin. Inside the vagina, the penis must move in and out in the fashion of a finger, rather than being sometimes able, like the head of a turtle to pull in and out of the carapuce of its own foreskin, while the pubococcygeal muscles at the vaginal entrance grip the lower part of the shaft. Stretch sensations may be additionally altered if the frenulum is severed in the circumcision."
[Adult penile circumcision: erotosexual and cosmetic sequelae. J Sex Res.]
1985 Thomas E. Wiswell, a military doctor, used flawed methods to show that circumcision decreased incidence of urinary tract infections by comparing infants born prematurely to infants born at term. [Decreased incidence of urinary tract infections in circumcised male infants. Pediatrics.]
1985 Benjamin Spock finally updated the his best-selling parenting book (first published in 1946): "I strongly recommend leaving the foreskin alone. Parents should insist on convincing reasons for circumcision—and there are no convincing reasons that I know of." Later in a 1989 interview in Redbook, he stated "My own preference, if I had the good fortune to have another son, would be to leave his little penis alone."
1986 Aaron J. Fink claimed that circumcision prevented AIDS. [A possible explanation for heterosexual male infection with AIDS. NEJM.]
1988 Aaron J. Fink invented the idea that circumcision prevented neonatal group B streptococcal disease. [Is hygiene enough? Circumcision as a possible strategy to prevent group B streptococcal disease. AJOG.]
1989 Edgar J. Schoen leads the AAP Task Force on Circumcision declared circumcision is medically beneficial. Reported health benefits are hygiene, penile and cervical cancer, phimosis, STDs, and UTIs.
"In addition to the medical aspects, other factors will affect the parents' decisions, including esthetics, religion, cultural attitudes, social pressures, and tradition."
[Report of the Task Force on Circumcision. Pediatrics]
This report has been extensively criticized for it's failure to provide sound evidence of preventative effects of circumcision, it's lack of a cost-benefit analysis, it's failure to address the functions of the foreskin, and overall bias of the report.
[Matthew R. Giannetti. Circumcision and the American Academy of Pediatrics: Should Scientific Misconduct Result in Trade Association Liability? 85 Iowa L. Rev 1507 (2000).]

1990: ~68% of the newborn American male population is circumcised and 70% of adult men

1991 Edgar J. Schoen implored European doctors to institute mass circumcision. [Is it time for Europe to reconsider newborn circumcision? Acta Ped Scan.]
1991 Aaron J. Fink declares mass circumcision is necessary to prevent sand from getting into the soldiers' foreskins. [Circumcision and sand. JRSM.]
1994 Legal victory: Miltex, one of several Mogen clamp manufacturers, stopped distributing the devices in 1994. "Although no obvious defect has been found with the clamp's design or manufacturing we have concerns over the possible mishandling of the instrument by practitioners and our inability to ensure the instrument's proper use," Miltex's then-president Saul Kleinkramer wrote in a letter announcing the decision. The manufacturer was then in default on millions of dollars in lost lawsuits before millions more were lost in additional lawsuits, in total over $23 million. ["Injuries linked to circumcision clamps" Hennessy-Fiske. LA Times. 2011.]
1996 J. R. Taylor et al. found the average amount of foreskin amputated was 51% of the total penile skin on average. They identified the "ridged band contains more Meissner's corpuscles than does the smooth mucosa and exhibits features of specialized sensory mucosa."
"The 'ridged band' may be key to the persistent mislabelling of the inner lining of the prepuce as 'skin'; it is clearly visible on inspection of the retracted prepuce, it is continuous with the wrinkled true skin of the tip of the prepuce, and it looks like skin. Histology aside, the 'wrinkles' of the ridged band are regularly transverse and are difficult to efface by gentle stretching. A vascular blush is usually present.
The vascular ridges of the 'ridged band' and its Meissner's corpuscles firmly separate preputial epithelium from true skin and place preputial mucosa amongst other mucocutaneous mucosae. Winkelmann emphasized the structural and functional importance of junctional regions of the body and focused on mucocutaneous end-organs, or 'genital corpuscles', of the glans penis and prepuce. Some of these end-organs resemble Krause end-bulbs; others resemble Meissner's corpuscles.
Meissner's corpuscles of the prepuce may be compared with similar nerve-endings in the finger-tips and lips, which respond in a fraction of a second to contact with light objects that bring about deformation of their capsules. However, complex sensation, at least in the glans penis, may be mediated by free nerve-endings rather than by specialized end-organs."
[The prepuce: Specialized mucosa of the penis and its loss to circumcision. BJU.]
1996 Political victory against female genital cutting: Non-therapeutic female cutting in all forms were made illegal in the US. [United States Code, 2010 Ed., Title 18, Chapter 7 (Assault), §116 - Female genital mutilation]
1997 Edgar J. Schoen again suggested European countries should institute non-therapeutic circumcision. [Benefits of newborn circumcision: Is Europe ignoring the medical evidence? Arch Dis Child.]
1997 Lander et al. found that circumcision without anesthesia was extremely traumatic for babies. Before this, almost all neonatal cutting were done without anesthetic due to increased risks involved with using it and the prevalent false belief babies were not capable of feeling significant pain or can't remember it. [Comparison of ring block, dorsal penile nerve block, and topical anesthesia for neonatal circumcision. JAMA.]
1997 Taddio et al. wrote on the effect of the pain of infant circumcision being measurable later:
"Preliminary studies suggested that pain experienced by infants in the neonatal period may have long-lasting effects on future infant behaviour. The objectives of this study were to find out whether neonatal circumcision altered pain response at 4-month or 6-month vaccination compared with the response in uncircumcised infants...
"Multivariate ANOVA revealed a significant group effect (p < 0.001) in difference (vaccination minus baseline) values for percentage facial action, percentage cry time, and visual analogue scale pain scores. Univariate ANOVAs were significant for all outcome measures (p < 0.05): infants circumcised with placebo had higher difference scores than uncircumcised infants for percentage facial action (136.9 vs 77.5%), percentage cry duration (53.8 vs 24.7%), and visual analogue scale pain scores (5.1 vs 3.1 cm). There was a significant linear trend on all outcome measures, showing increasing pain scores from uncircumcised infants, to those circumcised with Emla [topical anesthetic], to those circumcised with placebo.
Circumcised infants showed a stronger pain response to subsequent routine vaccination than uncircumcised infants. Among the circumcised group, preoperative treatment with Emla attenuated the pain response to vaccination. We recommend [anesthetic] treatment to prevent neonatal circumcision pain."
[Effect of neonatal circumcision on pain response during subsequent routine vaccination. Lancet .]
1997 The AAP deems infant male circumcision to be an elective procedure rather than routine.
1998 Immerman and Mackey proposed that male genital cutting reorganizes the brain to restrain sexuality and positively influence both social and pair bonding. They noted: "It appears that any sensory deprivation of a system can also lead to cortical changes."
"They assumed desensitizing the penis should reduce sexuality, but that ignores the fact that genital cutting permanently externalizes the orgasmic interior parts of the penis. This sensorial change could as easily be thought to promote sexual thoughts. Supporting the later idea, there are exceptions, but generally homophobia is considerably more common in circumcising cultures or those derived from or strongly influenced by circumcising cultures. This could be because men with circumcised penises have more difficulty perceiving homosexuality as something other than sex."
1999 Cold & Taylor studied the foreskin's specialized innervation and concluded that it is "primary erogenous tissue necessary for normal sexual function." It is specialized, protective, erogenous tissue. A description of the complex nerve structure of the penis explains why anesthetics provide incomplete pain relief during circumcision. [The prepuce. BJU. pdf]
1999 The AAP Task Force on Circumcision reviewed 40 years worth of medical studies and concluded the "potential medical benefits of newborn male circumcision… are not sufficient to recommend routine neonatal circumcision." This report was the first time the AAP acknowledged that circumcision without anesthesia is traumatic and that if circumcision is to be done, anesthesia should be used. Some highlights from the report:
Role of Hygiene: "there is little evidence to affirm the association between circumcision status and optimum penile hygiene."
STDs including HIV: "behavioral factors appear to be far more important than circumcision status."
Penile Cancer: "in a developed country such as the United States, penile cancer is a rare disease and the risk of penile cancer developing in an uncircumcised man, although increased compared with a circumcised man, is low."
Urinary Tract Infections: "breastfeeding was shown to have a threefold protective effect on the incidence of UTI in a sample of uncircumcised infants. However, breastfeeding status has not been evaluated systematically in studies assessing UTI and circumcision status." meaning that the earlier UTIs studies results were confounded. Even if their numbers were accurate, in order to prevent one UTI during the first year of life by circumcising a baby boy, approximately 195 babies who will not get a UTI would need to be circumcised. Curiously, while female infants develop UTIs at higher rates than boys, the standard treatment is antibiotics not surgery. The AAP concludes this section noting that "the absolute risk of developing a UTI in an uncircumcised male infant is low (at most, ~1%)".
[AAP Task Force on Circumcision. Circumcision Policy Statement, Pediatrics 1999;103(3):686-93.]

2000: ~62% of the newborn American male population is circumcised and 75% of adult men

2003 Edgar J. Schoen pressured the AAP to reverse its policy on circumcision, claiming it prevents AIDS. [It's wise to circumcise: time to change policy. Pediatrics.]
2005-2007 Johns Hopkins three studies were all ended early with the conclusion that circumcision is "like a vaccine" that prevents HIV infection. These three African studies were widely reported falsely to be gold-standard evidence of major HIV benefit from circumcision. The results of the African RCTs could easily be explained by the varying levels of STI awareness counseling between the two groups because the counseling was provided along with the surgery. Selection bias in groups of men who wanted the surgery when half were denied what they wanted, while half were given the surgery they wanted and instructed about sexual disease and safe sex. In all the studies, five times more participants were lost than seroconverted. [Auvert, 2005; Bailey & Moses, 2005; Gray, 2007]
2000 The U.S. FDA "issued a public health notice about the Mogen and Gomco clamps after receiving about 20 injury reports a year since 1996, including lacerations, hemorrhaging, penile amputation and urethral damage. Instead of recalling the devices, the FDA advised users to make sure they were using the correct size Mogen clamp and that the space between the clamp's jaws met manufacturer's specifications. The agency also cautioned against using replacement parts on the Gomco clamp, which led it to malfunction.
But complications continued. In the 11 years between the FDA warnings and the Hall settlement, the agency has received 139 additional reports of problems related to circumcision clamps, including 51 injuries, said spokeswoman Amanda Sena. Twenty-one of those reports were related to Mogen clamps, all but one of which involved injuries. ["Injuries linked to circumcision clamps" Hennessy-Fiske. LA Times. 2011.]
2000 Circumcision is described as an intervention with long-term neurobehavioral effects:
"The brain of the newborn infant is particularly vulnerable to early adverse experiences, leading to abnormal development and behavior. Although several investigations have correlated newborn complications with abnormal adult behavior, our understanding of the underlying mechanisms remains rudimentary. Models of early experience, such as repetitive pain, sepsis, or maternal separation in rodents and other species have noted multiple alterations in the adult brain, correlated with specific behavioral types depending on the timing and nature of the adverse experience. The mechanisms mediating such changes in the newborn brain have remained largely unexplored. Maternal separation, sensory isolation (understimulation), and exposure to extreme or repetitive pain (overstimulation) may cause altered brain development. These changes promote two distinct behavioral types characterized by increased anxiety, altered pain sensitivity, stress disorders, hyperactivity/attention deficit disorder, leading to impaired social skills and patterns of self-destructive behavior. The clinical importance of these mechanisms lies in the prevention of early adverse experiences and effective treatment of newborn pain and stress."
[Anand, K. and Scalzo, F. Can Adverse Neonatal Experiences Alter Brain Development and Subsequent Behavior? Biol Neonate]
2001 Kenneth McGrath detailed the anatomy of the frenular delta. [The frenular delta: a new preputial structure In: Denniston GC, Hodges FM, Milos MF, editors. Understanding Circumcision: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to a Multi-Dimensional Problem]
2002 D. Taves tested the hypothesis the foreskin reduces friction finding it did so more than 10 times (when friction is great enough to engage this feature). [The intromission function of the foreskin. Med Hypotheses.]
2003 Bensley & Boyle found circumcision contributes to vaginal dryness. Women reported they were significantly more likely to have experienced vaginal dryness during intercourse with circumcised than with genitally intact men. [Effects of Male Circumcision on Female Arousal and Orgasm. N Z Med J.]
2007 M. Sorrells tested the fine touch sensitivity of the penis and found the foreskin is the most sensitive part of the penis, while the glans is the least. [Fine touch pressure thresholds in the adult penis. BJU Int.NSFW diagram comparing circumcised and intact sensitivity (penis graphic)]
"The most sensitive location on the circumcised penis was the circumcision scar on the ventral surface. Five locations on the uncircumcised penis that are routinely removed at circumcision had lower pressure thresholds [i.e., were more sensitive] than the ventral scar of the circumcised penis."
YouTube: Morris Sorrels discusses his test and it's results
2007 The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) recommended against performing female circumcision or other non-therapeutic female genital cutting surgeries, because the promotion of the surgery as sexually enhancing was not based on empirical evidence and the surgeries were not medically indicated. This was the first assertion of what had become common wisdom over only the past 30 years. Female cutting for benefits was being promoted in popular US media into the 1970s.

2010: ~58% of the newborn American male population is circumcised and 73% of adult men

https://preview.redd.it/2j9m4h0ilim51.png?width=600&format=png&auto=webp&s=f9d0171c30fc2358754a2e33b07eee15cfe0c4e6
2010 The American Academy of Pediatrics published a statement on Female Genital Cutting policy proposing a "ritual nick" to be performed by medical professionals. Outrage ensued. The statement was retracted one month later.
[Ritual Genital Cutting of Female Minors. AAP Committee in Bioethics]
2010 Royal Dutch Medical Association (KNMG) stated the foreskin is "a complex, erotogenic structure that plays an important role in the mechanical function of the penis during sexual acts, such as penetrative intercourse and masturbation". The organization also stated "circumcision of male minors is a violation of children’s rights to autonomy and physical integrity."
2011 Morten Frisch et al. examined associations of male circumcision with a range of measures of sexual dysfunction in both sexes.
The relevant graph from Circumstitions.com
"Age at first intercourse, perceived importance of a good sex life and current sexual activity differed little between circumcised and uncircumcised men or between women with circumcised and uncircumcised spouses. However, circumcised men reported more partners and were more likely to report frequent orgasm difficulties after adjustment for potential confounding factors [11 vs 4%, OR(adj) = 3.26; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.42-7.47], and women with circumcised spouses more often reported incomplete sexual needs fulfilment (38 vs 28%, OR(adj) = 2.09; 95% CI 1.05-4.16) and frequent sexual function difficulties overall (31 vs 22%, OR(adj) = 3.26; 95% CI 1.15-9.27), notably orgasm difficulties (19 vs 14%, OR(adj) = 2.66; 95% CI 1.07-6.66) and dyspareunia [painful intercourse] (12 vs 3%, OR(adj) = 8.45; 95% CI 3.01-23.74). Findings were stable in several robustness analyses, including one restricted to non-Jews and non-Moslems.
Our study shows hitherto unrecognized associations between male circumcision and sexual difficulties in both men and women. While confirmatory findings in other settings are warranted, notably from areas where neonatal circumcision is more common, our findings may inform doctors and parents of baby boys for whom the decision of whether or not to circumcise is not dictated by religious or cultural traditions. Additionally, since it appears from our study that both men and women may have fewer sexual problems when the man is uncircumcised, and because preputial plasties may sometimes serve as suitable alternatives to standard circumcision, our study may stimulate a more conservative, tissue-preserving attitude in situations where foreskin pathology requires surgical intervention."
[Male circumcision and sexual function in men and women: a survey-based, cross-sectional study in Denmark. Int J Epidemiol.]
YouTube: Medical researcher Morten Frisch speaks about research finding an increased rate of sexual difficulties correlating with circumcision
2012 S. Podnar found the ability to elicit the penilo-cavernosus reflex was suppressed by foreskin destruction. This reflex was non-elicitable in 8% of healthy intact men and 73% of the men with circumcised foreskin. [Clinical elicitation of the penilo-cavernosus reflex in circumcised men. BJU Int.]
2012 In a short-lived political victory followed by a loss, a Cologne District Court ruled that a boy's non-therapeutic circumcision constituted "bodily harm". In response to this legal precedent and resultant pressure from religious groups on politicians, the German legislature legalized non-therapeutic infant foreskin destruction less than a year later against the opinion of German Pediatricians and the majority of the nation.
2013 G. A. Bronselaer et al. surveyed over 1,000 intact and over 300 circumcised men in Belgium. They found:
"For the glans penis, circumcised men reported decreased sexual pleasure and lower orgasm intensity. They also stated more effort was required to achieve orgasm, and a higher percentage of them experienced unusual sensations (burning, prickling, itching, or tingling and numbness of the glans penis). For the penile shaft a higher percentage of circumcised men described discomfort and pain, numbness and unusual sensations. In comparison to men circumcised before puberty, men circumcised during adolescence or later indicated less sexual pleasure at the glans penis, and a higher percentage of them reported discomfort or pain and unusual sensations at the penile shaft.
This study confirms the importance of the foreskin for penile sensitivity, overall sexual satisfaction, and penile functioning. Furthermore, this study shows that a higher percentage of circumcised men experience discomfort or pain and unusual sensations as compared with the uncircumcised population. Before circumcision without medical indication, adult men, and parents considering circumcision of their sons, should be informed of the importance of the foreskin in male sexuality."
[Male circumcision decreases penile sensitivity as measured in a large cohort. BJU Int.]
2016 Jennofer Bossio publishes a study claiming no difference in penile sensitivity between circumcised and intact men. Though the intact men reported higher sensitivity for touch and vibration, she made her final conclusion based on the two groups response to pain, which showed jo statistical difference. [Examining Penile Sensitivity in Neonatally Circumcised and Intact Men Using Quantitative Sensory Testing. J Urol. 2016 Jun.]
The media, of course, ran with the conclusion, despite the methodological flaws in the study. Brian Earp discusses the study and it's limited impact on our understanding of long term effects of infant male circumcision.
[Infant Circumcision and Adult Penile Sensitivity.]
2017 The 2012 AAP statement on circumcision expired and since then, they have not released any policy statements on the procedure.
2018 In Iceland, the Progressive Party made a motion to ban all non therapeutic genital cutting of boys. The bill received massive pushback from religious communities. It has not been passed, but neither has it been scrapped.
[183/148 frumvarp: almenn hegningarlög]

Looking forward

This timeline is meant to help show the series of events that led us from a circumcision rate of almost zero, to a country of normalized, routine circumcision, and finally to a country desperately trying to justify the practice. Despite the most stubborn traditionalists, the practice is dying out. We can acknowledge the history of medical circumcision and recognize it is nothing but sexual violence and snake oil claims and bring this practice to a swift end, and ensure that out future children will live their lives with their whole bodies. Or we can cling to comforting lies, and allow the insecure and ignorant damage their children for life to protect their own egos. Future generations will look back at us now and have the same reactions of disgust and disbelief many readers here had when looking at the justifications given 100 or more years ago.
Our future children deserve better.

Previous: 1940-1979

submitted by DarthEquus to Intactivism [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 09:44 XMG_gg XMG Gaming Laptops: First Steps & Troubleshooting

So you got yourself an XMG Gaming Laptop laptop, huh?

Congratulations! :-)
Follow this handy guide to go through your first steps and some commonly recurring questions. This guide is pretty long and might look frightening on first look, but please note:

+++ BREAKING: Fix "No Speaker" issue on XMG FUSION 15 +++

Windows Update has recently brought us a "No speakers, no sound" issue on XMG FUSION 15. Please read all about the solution in this post. This should only be a temporary condition and solved soon by pulling the incompatible driver from Windows Update. Update: incompatible driver has been pulled on May 19, 2020. New driver going to be rolled out shortly.

Now, moving on to the actual content of this thread:

I unboxed my XMG Laptop – what are my first steps?

1. If you purchased with Windows.
When building our laptops, we always make sure to install the latest firmware and drivers. If you purchased with Windows, all drivers will already be installed and you can pretty much start working. NVIDIA updates their driver pretty often, so they might already have a new driver out. Open up GeForce Experience, log into your account and see if the app offers any driver updates.
2. If you purchased without operating system.
Your SSD will be empty, but your firmware will be up to date. Even if you purchase without operating system, we will already have updated the latest BIOS and latest Thunderbolt firmware. Now it’s time to install Windows and install our drivers.
If you don’t have your own Windows install media at hand, you can get the latest official version from here. The drivers for your XMG Laptop will be on a USB thumb drive in your shipping box. If you want to make absolutely sure that you’re getting the latest drivers, download them each by each from our download portal. Both sources will include a PDF file that will guide you through each step. The only tricky step is the Audio driver, where you’ll have to do a specific install and reboot sequence. This is explained in detail in the PDF file.

++ Troubleshooting (all models) +++

The following items might apply to any XMG or SCHENKER model. In fact, they might also apply to laptops from other brands. Further down below, you'll find a section that is more specific to individual models.

My battery life is less than it should be / I have high Idle power consumption / My fans are loud in Idle / my dGPU is not turning off.

Battery life and power consumption are closely interconnected. If your system consumes too much power – even in Idle – your battery life will suffer.
Preliminary: check your CPU usage, sorted by tasks
Your first look should be into Windows Task Manager, tab "Details" and then sort by "CPU" usage. You should know that your CPU has multiple cores and threads. For example, on i7-9750H (6 cores, 12 threads) if one single-thread task is running at 100%, it translates to "only" 8% CPU load in Task Manager (100 divided by 12 = 8.33). 8% might not look like much at first glance. But in reality it's one core that is running at maximum speed, taking almost as much power as if all cores would run at the same time. This is because the CPU would boost a single core to much higher speed than it would boost all cores together.
In other words: CPU usage values in Task Manager can be misleading, especially if some broken or badly programmed software is going rogue on a single thread. Do the math!
So, on a 6 core CPU, if you have any process in Task Manager constantly running at 8%, something is off. Please identify which task it is, and either end it right there it or uninstall the related software altogether.
Another way to check is to separate the Task Manager CPU activity graph into logical cores. Check these two screenshots:
In my example you can see one core in the middle was almost maxed out for a short amount of time. Thanks to the nature of Turbo Boost, this core would induce a boosted clock speed, leading to almost maxed-out power consumption and high temperatures. This is not always immediately visible because most programs would keep jumping from core to core, so you always see individual spikes to 100% on single core. You can try this yourself by using Prime95 and running it on only 1 thread.
All systems nominal? CPU is nice and idle? Check the dGPU status.
If you don't have any rogue tasks clogging up you CPU but your Idle power consumption is still off the charts, it might be because your NVIDIA GPU (dedicated GPU, dGPU) is not turning itself off.
Under the system of NVIDIA Optimus (MSHybrid), all common Windows apps are run on the Intel UHD Graphics (integrated GPU, iGPU) by default and the dedicated GPU (dGPU) should turn itself off when it is not needed. This removes the dGPU from the power source but it also saves power on the CPU side, because the CPU can turn off the PCI-Express x16 dGPU connection and thus achieve lower sleep states in each CPU cycle. This system can be disturbed in a number of ways, leading to higher power consumption which in turn leads to lower battey life.
1. Check which system monitoring tools you are running in the background
Some system monitoring software intentionally wakes up the dGPU. Keeping such software running in the background will inevitably lead to higher power consumption. We will keep a list of tools here which do and which do not keep the dGPU awake.
Does not keep the dGPU awake Keeps the dGPU awake
CoreTemp AIDA64 (only when “Sensor” pane is open)
HWiNFO64 ASUS GPU Tweak II
Intel Extreme Tuning Utility CPUID HWMonitor
NVIDIA Control Panel MSI Afterburner
Speccy NVIDIA GeForce Experience
TechPowerUp Real Temp NVIDIA Inspector
ThrottleStop NZXT CAM
Windows Task Manager Open Hardware Monitor
TechPowerUp GPU-Z
XMG Control Center (only when “System Monitor” pane is open)
Please check if any of the programs on the right side of the table is running in the background on your machine. If they are, please remove them from Startup in the Task Manager.
Some of the programs on the left side of the table might wake up the dGPU once for a few seconds during initialization. But according to our testing, they won’t keep the dGPU awake during normal operation.
If you want to see, whether or not your dGPU is awake or not, the best bet is to use the “Sensors” function in HWiNFO64 and keep an eye on the GPU Temperature of your NVIDIA GeForce card. If the temperature reads 0°C, the dGPU is sleeping. With a right click on the Temperature value, you can even set up an alarm in form of a sound file, notification popup or logfile entry if the temperature reaches a value ≥ 1.
2. If external monitor is connected, dGPU will be awake.
Both HDMI and USB-C/DisplayPort/Thunderbolt are connected directly to the NVIDIA GeForce card. This dedicated connection gives the XMG FUSION 15 the power to drive very high resolutions, refresh rates and to support G-SYNC and FreeSync on external screens. The trade-off: the dGPU will always be awake as soon as an external monitor is connected. Rendering can still happen on the iGPU (Intel UHD Graphics) - but the dGPU will always be "awake" to deliver the pixels to the screen.
3. The choice of running apps on iGPU vs. dGPU has to be done in Windows Graphics settings now.
Microsoft is taking over the NVIDIA Optimus (MSHybrid) control from NVIDIA. On latest Windows builds and NVIDIA drivers, the NVIDIA driver now shoes a very small warning notification:
Windows OS now manages selection of the graphics processor. Open Windows graphics settings
If you notice that certain apps wake up the dGPU, please see if you can assign them to the internal graphics in this new Windows setting dialogue. Please note that the aforementioned benchmark and system monitoring apps apps will override/ignore this setting anyway. But it should work fine for most if not all productivity apps and games.
4. Every app is running on dGPU as soon as external monitor is connected? No.
NVIDIA’s Control Center has a hidden function called “NVIDIA GPU Activity” which supposedly shows which app is being rendered on the dGPU. You can find it by enabling "Display GPU Activity Monitor Icon in Notification Area".
Unfortunately, this function is not accurate when using an external monitor. As soon as you have an external monitor connected, the notification window shows every newly launched app as if it’s being rendered on the dGPU, even though it is not. This has been confirmed by our NVIDIA contacts to be a general issue that affects all laptops with NVIDIA Optimus (MSHybrid) of every brand.
It does not look as if NVIDIA has any plans to resolve this issue. Therefor, the “NVIDIA GPU Activity” will continue to show inaccurate information and should rather not be used at all.
5. dGPU does not go back to sleep after disconnecting external screen while browser is open
If you launch your browser (Chrome, Firefox, Edge) while you are connected to an external screen, the browser’s hardware acceleration will use the dGPU. This happens despite the fact that you are forcing that app to run on Integrated Graphics. If the browser keeps running after you connect the external screen, it will keep the dGPU awake.
Even sending the laptop to Standby and waking it up again won’t change that fact. The dGPU will only go back to sleep after you close the specific app that triggered this behaviour.
This seems to affect every laptop with NVIDIA Optimus (MSHybrid) – not only XMG laptops.
We have filed a report with NVIDIA and we are awaiting their feedback.
Here is a short list of apps that are affected and not affected by this issue:
Affected Not affected (Control Group)
Google Chrome Microsoft Word
Mozilla Firefox notepad.exe
Microsoft Edge
This might also affect other apps if they are secretly using the dGPU for Hardware Acceleration. But so far, the 3 major browsers are the only apps we have confirmed to trigger this behaviour.
According to what we heard, NVIDIA does not seem to have any plans to fix this issue on a fundamental basis.
Workaround #1: Restart your Browser
Close your browser and launch it again after disconnecting from the external screen.
Workaround #2: Disable Hardware Acceleration in Browser
You can find this in the Settings menu of your Browser.
Workaround #3: Disable and re-enable the dGPU instead of closing your Webbrowser
Download here: dGpuCycle Script.zip
Written by Notebookcheck user ‘Stepon’ (source). You can open the script with Notepad to read the source code.
After disconnecting the external screen, run this Batch Script with Admin privileges. The script will disable and re-enable the dGPU in Device Manager. During that moment, your browser will drop the Hardware Acceleration from dGPU and go back to iGPU. Chrome will flicker for a fraction of a second. If you play any videos on your browser while running the script, you might have to restart playback by jumping to a different point in the video timeline.
With some programming skills can be further automated to always run in the background.
6. Same as above, but for most if not all apps that use a browser engine underneath.
The browser hardware acceleration issue applies to apps that are using a browser engine to create their GUI. If you launch such an app while you're connected to an external monitor, they will use the dGPU for hardware acceleration and won't let go of it until you either close the app or manually disable the dGPU. The most popular such apps are:
The most widespread framework for such apps is Electron, but it's not limited to that. For example, Spotify uses a different implementation, based on Chromium browser engine.
We are not aware of any way to disable hardware acceleration on these apps. Disabling hardware acceleration in your browser won't affect those apps. The only workarounds are:
As with other root causes in this section, this seems to apply to every laptop with NVIDIA Optimus. We have asked NVIDIA to comment in April 2020.
7. Outdated Killer Wi-Fi driver increasing power consumption.
We had a report where an outdated Killer Wi-Fi suite caused high background CPU load. If you are using a Rivet Networks Killer Wi-Fi module, please download and install the latest drivers here.
8. Missing NVIDIA USB-C and Audio drivers keep the dGPU awake?
We have a report from a user who made a custom install of NVIDIA drivers and unselected the NVIDIA USB-C and Audio drivers because he thought we won't need them. In this case, not having those drivers will cause the main driver to not shutdown the dGPU when searching for those two drivers. We were not able to reproduce it but we'll leave it in this guide for future reference. Solution: reinstall NVIDIA drivers and include every driver, even the optional ones.
9. Outdated Windows and firmware?
If you haven’t already, make sure you are running the latest Windows updates and the latest BIOS. Some major Windows milestones (also called “Redstone” updated) need to be triggered manually by opening Windows Updates, then “Checking for updates”. Under “Optional updates”, there might be a “Feature update” which you can initiate with “Download and install now” (screenshot).
10. Third party PCIe/NVMe SSD preventing CPU from sleeping?
We had recently a few reports on budget SSDs from smaller brands preventing the CPU from reaching C8 sleep states, severely cutting battery life. If you upgrades your SSD yourself with a model that is not listed in our online shop, please consider to swap it out, re-install Windows from scratch and try again. If you found your SSD to be the culprit, please share the product name with us.
11. Corsair iCue Software causes +10W power consumption?
We have seen this report from multiple users. This one was the first:
I spent a week trying to figure out why the processor on my Fusion 15 was consuming so much power when idle (around 10W!). My battery life was absolutely abysmal at about 2.5 hours on a full charge. I thought I had ruled out the iCue software because I closed the app completely, but it turns out only a complete uninstall will allow everything to return to normal so it must have been the mouse driver itself rather than the iCue software.
Source
We haven't checked it ourselves but any kind of hardware-related 3rd party software could potentially cause power saving issues on any system.
12. Epic Games Launcher running on dGPU
First reported here]. Solution is in the top reply to that thread.
13. Paint 3D causes the dGPU to stay 'ON' by running in the Background, even after Reboot
This seems to be a real issue based on a bug from Microsoft. Check this thread for details.
14. Other reason? Cannot reach CPU Package C8 Residency? Please take part in our survey
Please read this post for an introduction into CPU Package C8 Residency states. The post includes a link to a survey to collect analytical data from users who just can't get their power consumption down despite already having implemented all prior suggestions.
15. Dig deeper? Check out this amazing in-depth guide about Windows power saving optimization and C-States.
Written by user Che0063 on Notebookreview in 2018 and constantly updated into 2020, this guide is a deep dive into all things C-States.
You can find a PDF copy (pulled on 2020/05/26) of this guide here.

Random short spikes in lag and stutter

Intel Driver and Support Assistant (DSA) is acting up, causing CPU spikes up to 40% every 1-5 minutes.
Taken from this post:
Intel Driver and Support Assistant (DSA) is acting up, causing CPU spikes up to 40% every 1-5 minutes. See this picture of task manager cumulative CPU time. Funny you already mentioned that it stopped working, as I experienced the same thing.
Solution (TL;DR):
Uninstall Intel DSA for now. You can do this via the windows Apps and Programs, or if it fails for any reason, download the official Uninstaller from the intel website.
[...]

My laptop randomly wakes up from Standby.

1. Firmware solution for Wake-up 3 hours after entering Sleep/Standby. (XMG FUSION 15 only)
There was an issue with the NVIDIA USB-C driver which caused the laptop to wake up exactly 3 hours after entering Standby. The laptop was trying to transition into Hibernate (Suspend to Disk) but failed to do so. This issue is resolved in BIOS 0062 and beyond.
2. Disable Wake timers (applies to any PC and Laptop)
Depending on your Windows configuration, there might be certain task schedules (including Windows Updates) which prompt the laptop to wake-up from Sleep or Hibernate. To check on these issues, please read this article. The most common solution is to disable the “Allow wake timers” option for both “plugged in” and “on-battery”. Please note: this setting depends on each power profile and your laptop has three of them: Silent, Balanced, Enthusiast. Please switch to each of these profiles and modify “Allow wake timer” in the Advanced settings in Windows power options for each one of these.
3. Check the Wake-up cause
There is a simple command that will tell you the reason why your laptop woke up for the last time. Usually this is something like "Power Button" or "Lid Opening", but in your case it might point to a different driver or Windows component. Find "Command Prompt" in Start Menu and type:
powercfg -lastwake 
This command does not need Admin right. Please copy it by marking the output text and pressing Enter. The marked text from the Command Prompt windows is now in your clipboard and can be pasted into a text file or message box. Alternatively you can take a picture and report back to us.

My laptop needs a long time to boot up.

Cold Boot and Wake-up from Hibernate should not take much more than 12 seconds between pressing the power button and seeing the login screen wallpaper. If your laptop takes much longer, please consider the following options.
1. Enable “Fast Boot”.
Enabling “Fast Boot” in BIOS is a requirement to use Microsoft’s “Hybrid Boot” technology which saves a lot of time on Cold Boot. Before shipping, we always enable “Fast Boot” in all XMG laptops – but it might get disabled by user operation. On some models, it might also get disabled during BIOS Reset. To make sure, you have “Fast Boot” enabled, follow these steps:
(the location of the "Fast Boot" option might be slightly, depending on your model)
2. Flash firmware again
You can clearly seperate the boot process between BIOS time and Windows time. Everything that happens before you see the XMG boot logo is BIOS time. On XMG FUSION 15, it usually takes about 7 seconds between pressing the power button and seeing the XMG boot logo for the first time. If this time period is much, much longer in your case, the root cause might be in hardware or firmware.
One potential solution was found in this post. This user already had a system with Thunderbolt Firmware NVM v56. But based on a hunch, he just tried to update the same firmware again and it instantly fixed his long BIOS time.
It makes kind of sense. VBIOS, Thunderbolt... those are large, complex and kind of external components that are initialized in the very early steps of the the BIOS. If anything is stalling there, you won't see the boot logo because the BIOS hasn't even attempted yet to start talking to the SSD.
Rule of thumb: if you have long BIOS time before you see the XMG logo, please consider to flash the BIOS and the Thunderbolt Firmware again.
Now, let's look at various Windows-based causes:
3. Clean up TEMP folders
Taken from this post.
Found out, during each boot Windows (namely it's ProfSvc service) takes everything you have in users/yourprofile folder and writes over those files. I suspect it's changing some meta data in the files. Probably edditing read/write premissions. But it goes one by one. And logon process waits for it to finish. As long as your computer is relatively clean, this operation takes a second or two. But when Visual Studio update "forgets" 160 000 files in your AppData/Temp folder, it results in 35 secs of profile loading during boot. All I needed was to empty the Temp folder and the bootups are back in normal!
You can either clean the Temp folders manually or use a software like CCleaner. Please beware, we would only recommend CCleaner to clean temp files, but don't clean the Windows Registry. It's usually safe to do but it can sometimes lead to false positive situations and side-effects.
4. Riot Games 'Vanguard' might block one of our drivers
If you have game titles from Riot Games installed, the software 'Vanguard' might be blocking the 'inpoutx64.sys' driver on some of our systems. This driver is related to the Control Center. We have heard of one single case where the presence of Vanguard lead to a significantly increased boot-time. In other cases however, it had no effect despite getting the 'Vanguard has blocked' message in Windows.
We will share this information with our ODM to see if our signed inpoutx64.sys/dll can be whitelisted. Meanwhile, please consider disabling or uninstalling Vanguard to see if it improves your boot time.
5. Consider a clean reinstall
It might be inconvenient, but if you have any boot times that are wildly longer than above reference data, please consider a clean Windows installation. 'Clean' means deleting the system partitions on your SSD in the first step of the installation procedure. Before you do this, you should backup all important data on external storage.
6. Other causes.
If your system still takes a long time to even display the XMG boot logo or to boot into the Login prompt, there might be another issue at hand. Please make sure to update your BIOS, load setup defaults, enable “Fast Boot” again and make sure that your Windows and drivers are up to date. Please also consider to follow the generic advice in this article.
There is currently no other known systematic issue that prevents our laptops from doing a fast boot or fast wake-up. If you cannot resolve the issue on your machine, please consider to backup your data and do a clean Windows re-install.
7. Discussion
For XMG FUSION 15 we have opened a dedicated tread about expected boot times after a clean install. Please move all relevant discussion to this thread:
Thank you!

My microphone does not sound right

(I might be using Discord)
First, please make sure you increased the microphone gain to 100% and added the +20dB boost.
Now, some apps including Discord put additional processing on the microphone, including echo and noise cancellation. This can have a negative effect on microphone audio quality. Please see if you can disable all such options from your chat application and from the Realtek Control Panel.

I have random Bluescreens

Bluescreens can have a number of reasons. Sometimes, the error message or driver reference can already point at a root cause. If there are too many possible root causes, here are some generic tips.
How to use MemTest86 to test my RAM
Follow these steps:
PRO TIP: If you have MemTest86 errors, you can try to open your laptop and test both memory modules individually. Remove one module and run the test again. If the errors only show on one of the modules, try the same module again in the other (empty) RAM slot. If the module shown errors when run individually in both of the RAM slots, it might be indeed faulty.
If the RAM modules are actually not faulty, it can sometimes also help to just remove and replace (reseat) them. Sometimes, if they are not properly connected, they might also prompt random errors including iGPU graphics artifacts.

+++ Troubleshooting XMG FUSION 15 (2019) +++

The following items apply only to XMG FUSION 15. Please check first if your issue is covered under the general section above. The latest BIOS and Control Center update can be found in this thread.

My speaker sound is underwhelming / I cannot get Soundblaster Connect running.

Sound Blaster Connect is an important app to improve the experience of the audio system. It can increase volume (SmartVol) and Bass of the speakers.
1. Reinstall Audio drivers in the proper sequence
Normally, when all pre-requisites are met, Soundblaster Connect should install automatically from Windows. You can then find it with a simple search for “Sound Blaster” in the Windows Start menu. If Sound Blaster Connect is no where to be found or if it only shows an empty screen, please follow the sequence precisely:
If you are connected to the Internet, the system will now automatically install "Sound Blaster Connect" from Microsoft Store. This might take a few minutes or more. When in doubt, reboot once more after the Soundblaster-Creative_Audio_Effects.

My touchpad sometimes does not react.

This is a very rare issue that we have encountered a few times. For some users we have fixed it by replacing the laptop. The root cause is not entirely clear yet but there have been a few successful workarounds.
Solution #1: Set Touchpad to “Most Sensitive”
Find the “Touchpad” settings in Windows Start menu and change the sensitivity setting to “Most Sensitive”. Please report via PM with your order number if this fixes the issue for you.
Solution #2: Reinstall BIOS and Control Center
We have reports from users who got rid of any Touchpad issues by reinstalling the BIOS and Control Center. Please get the appropriate downloads from our Download Portal.

My CPU shows high activity in idle while having devices connected to USB-C port.

We are currently tracking an issue where users have reported >10% CPU usage in Idle while having certain devices connected to the USB-C port.
Current Workaround: Disable Automatic Sleep on Thunderbolt controller
Device Manager > System devices > Thunderbolt Controller > Power Management > Disable "Allow the computer to turn off this device to save power"

I’m unable to turn off my keyboard backlight during boot.

Normally, if you disable the keyboard backlight in Control Center using the slider switch, it should also be disabled during Reboot, Cold Boot etc. We had one report of a rare issue where this settings was not applied to firmware anymore. If you encounter this issue, please click the “Restore” button in Control Center to reset all you Keyboard Backlight settings. Then, try again to disable the Keyboard Backlight and reboot.

My keyboard backlight is not turning on anymore.

We had a few reports of keyboard backlight not being able to turn on anymore. If you encounter this issue, please reset your BIOS settings.

I cannot access my BIOS Setup (F2) anymore.

This is another very rare issue that was only reported once so far. If you cannot access your BIOS Setup, you cannot do a BIOS Reset anymore.
Solution: Remove CMOS Jumper from Mainboard and Reboot
The mainboard of XMG FUSION 15 has a jumper to control the BIOS Reset. In order to reach this jumper, you will need to remove the bottom case of the laptop. This is as easy as removing the 10 screws on the bottom side and then simply lifting the bottom cover away from the laptop.
The jumper is located next to the WiFi module
If the jumper is removed, the laptop will show a special menu after on boot which will allow you to reset the BIOS Settings to Default.
After having done this Reset, please place the jumper again it it's original position, connecting pins "1" and "2" as seen in the "Top View" picture linked above.
Now, please see if you can now get back into BIOS Setup with the F2 key during boot.

My external USB mouse sometimes stops moving.

We have some reports from USB gaming mouse with ≥1000Hz polling rate that sometimes stop working when used together with USB hubs, both on USB-A and USB-C (Thunderbolt).
Please install the latest official drivers from your mouse vendor and see if you can reduce the polling rate to 500Hz to see if it makes any difference.

My system consumes about 1~2% battery in Standby/Sleep mode

This is normal and also affects both XMG FUSION and XMG NEO series with opto-mechanical keyboard. Reason: the keyboard consumes slightly over 1W even in standby, because it is still firing up the Infrared barriers for every individual switch. This is to make sure that the keyboard can wake the system from standby. This translates to a power consumption (witch charger, measured at wall socket) of up to 1.8W in Standby if the battery is already fully charged. Due to a hardware design constraint, the power of the keyboard switches cannot be turned off, unless the system is sent to Hibernate (S4) or Shutdown (S5).
Workaround: use Hibernate. By default, Standby automatically transitions into Hibernate after 180 minutes. You can shorten this timespan in the Advanced Power Options in Windows (Screenshot). You have to do this for each of the Performance Profiles that you use (Silent, Balanced, Enthusiast). Before that, you have to enable Hibernate in this menu.

I would like to improve my DPC Latencies.

For guaranteed low DPC latencies, please check out our SCHENKER Audio Editions. For all other models, we're going to collect a number of tips here over time.

I have issues with USB-C or Thunderbolt 3 adapters on XMG FUSION 15

XMG FUSION 15 (2019, XFU15L19) had a bit of a shaky history with some USB-C adapters and Thunderbolt Docking Stations. It seems like the most serious issues have been ironed out with BIOS 0064 and Thunderbolt Firmware-Update NVM v56. If you plan to use USB-C port and you purchased your laptop before May 2020, please make sure to update your firmware as explained in this thread:
If you are still not sure which USB-C peripherals to buy, please check out our list of validated products in this thread:
Thank you!


That's all, folks.

For more FAQ on XMG, SCHENKER and Bestware, please check our FAQ Page: https://bestware.com/faqs/
If we find more commonly asked questions (especially ones that are specific to popular models), we will add them to this guide.
If you have any questions or issues that are not covered in this guide, please reply in the comments below!
// Tom
submitted by XMG_gg to XMG_gg [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 09:35 Farenor Some Questions about DeX and what Apps to use

Hello everyone
I just bought a Samsung Tab S7 for my University and Media consumption after my Microsoft Surface startet having multiple issues and I'm loving DeX so far. Feels like the future for me as far as mobile computing goes. Still, I'm having some questions and was hoping for some guidance from the veterans :)
  1. Is there a difference between Microsoft Office and the single Apps like Microsoft Word? I've had Office pre-installed and was able to download MS Word from the app store. Is one Version superior? (I have office 365 via my uni)
  2. What app is recommended for reading PDFs and interacting with them? I have to read a lot of papers and my main two functions I need are: 1. Mark text and take notes / 2. Rotate the pages in the pdf. I used Drawboard PDF on my Microsoft Surface and thought it to be top notch. I have no issues with paying something for such an app (though I'd like to avoid a subscription).
  3. Any other "Must have" Apps, be it Work related or Entertainment?
  4. What other cool DeX Stuff and Tips are there? Any ressource to read more into the functions and Tips that you can recommend? :)
Thank you very much for any answer you can give :)
submitted by Farenor to SamsungDex [link] [comments]


2020.09.16 02:18 TheCrypt0nian Passed OSCP - My Experience

Originally, I was leaning against doing an obligatory post-OSCP Reddit post because I didn’t want to come across as another “look at me - I passed OSCP!!” cringeworthy OSCP Oscar speech, but I decided to go ahead and do one because my experience was perhaps a little unique and answers the much-asked question “can I do OSCP without experience?”.
A quick background to add context…
I’m 31 years old and my employment history is a mixture of sales, graphics, and media-related job roles. I felt discontented for a long time earning (barely) living wage in job roles I had little passion for. Anyway, to cut a long story short, I decided to quit my latest sales job in November last year (2019) to pursue a career in cybersecurity/infosec. I didn’t know what ‘TCP’ or ‘UDP’ was, and I’d never heard of ‘Kali’ or how to run a VM, but I was convinced that this would be the career path for me.
Anyway, I went through Security+ and CEH from November to March and, just as I was going to start applying for Security Analyst type job roles, our friendly neighbourhood Coronavirus came along and shut down the economy. Even though I had no intention of doing OSCP for another year or two, I thought it was a better option than twiddling my thumbs for a few months, so I decided to sign up for PWK labs and have a crack at it.
Fast-forwarding to yesterday, after a few brutal months and an incredible experience, I finally got the OSCP “you have successfully completed” email.
Apologies in advance for the essay but I just want to go through my journey for those of you that might be in a similar position to the one I was in - limited/zero IT experience and feeling intimidated by the dreaded OSCP mountain.
My journey…
In the weeks leading up to the wait to start my 60 days PWK material and labs, I went through The Cyber Mentor’s Practical Ethical Hacking Udemy course and then went on a Hack the Box rampage, so, by the time my lab time started, I felt like I was in a pretty decent position.
Unfortunately, because I was a naïve idiot, I tackled the labs straight away and went through the PWK PDF casually on the side. This was a big mistake and something I would definitely change in hindsight because it cost me 5 easy points on the exam (I thought I could smash through the PDF exercises during the last week of labs but this didn’t prove to be enough time).
In 60 days I ended up rooting around 40 machines - I didn’t bother going for the networks because it didn’t apply to the exam and, although valuable real-world experience, I didn’t want to get distracted and flood my brain with even more information when it wasn’t going to be relevant for my mission.
One big thing that I did get right was note-taking. I can’t express enough how valuable it is to take detailed notes and build your own cheat sheet library. After every machine I rooted, I did a walkthrough on OneNote and added any new tools/commands to my cheat sheet library. This not only saves precious time in the exam, but it helps you build your own knowledge instead of relying on other people’s cheat sheets without really understanding what you’re doing.
After my 60 days had finished, I spent 1 month on TJ Null’s OSCP Hack the Box list and IppSec’s video walkthroughs. I also can’t stress enough how valuable this learning methodology is. My only regret is that I rushed through it. I’d already booked my exam 30 days after lab time, so I ended up jumping through walkthroughs when I got stuck on boxes instead of exhausting all options. This was another naïve idiot mistake on my behalf and something I would do differently in hindsight. There’s a difference between “trying harder” and “trying harder, but in a smart way”. I was putting 10+ hours in every day but I wasn’t always being efficient with my time. I’d definitely recommend seeking hints and tips on boxes but only after you’ve exhausted all options first, something which I didn’t always do.
Anyway, my first exam attempt came around towards the end of July. Was I ready? No, but I had delusional confidence in myself that has paid off for me more often than not, so I was hoping it would pay off for me again.
My first exam was brutal. I sat in my chair for a total of 23 hours and 15 minutes, with only 3 short 5-minute breaks to get food to snack on. My VPN was shut down after 24 hours and I had a total of 65 points, which I’d been stuck on for the last 8 hours of my exam. I got the BO, root on one of the 20-point machines, root on the 10-point machine, and user on the other 20-point machine. I just couldn’t get root on that last machine.
I was pretty devastated because I’d put my heart and soul into Sec+, CEH, and OSCP for 7 straight months and I wanted it bad. But my delusional confidence wasn’t enough.
After listening to depressing Taylor Swift songs for a few days (joke), I decided to book another exam in, 4 weeks after my first attempt.
This time around, I decided to go through Tib3rius’s Linux and Windows Privilege Escalation courses (they were great) and go back over some of the HTB machines. I honestly felt at this point that there wasn’t much more study material that I could go through.
2nd exam came up and it was an almost minute-for-minute repeat of the first exam. BO done, 20 point rooted, 10 point rooted, but could only get user on the other 20 point. 65 points again. This time I ended up listening to Taylor Swift + Lana Del Rey.
I was pretty adamant that I could do this and that I was very close, so I sent Off-Sec an email explaining my situation and they were kind enough to allow me another exam attempt without waiting 8 weeks - I booked another exam in 2 weeks after my second attempt.
This time, my preparation was entirely mental. In both my prior exams, I was sat on my chair for over 23 hours because I was flapping around aimlessly like a headless chicken, desperately firing off exploits that I knew wouldn’t work on the other 20-point machine. So, I went into the 3rd exam determined to go at a slow and steady pace, and not let the 24-hour timeframe pressure me into a wild goose chase.
Miraculously, it seemed to work. After 14 hours, I’d done the BO, rooted both 20-point machines, rooted the 10-point machine, and got user on the 25-point machine. 85-ish points in total.
The point of this story is to get across to people that you need to try simpler, not harder. I perhaps failed my first exam because I’d not gone through Tib3rius’s Priv Esc courses, but I failed on my 2nd 100% due to mentality. There was no skill-level difference between my 2nd exam and 3rd exam.
I’ll finish off with my recommended learning methodology and exam tips (for people with limited/zero IT experience):
. The Cyber Mentor Practical Ethical Hacking Udemy course (usually on offer at $14.99-ish)
. Tib3rius’s Linux and Windows Privilege Escalation course (usually on offer at $12.99 each)
. Try Hack Me OSCP Learning Path (I would recommend doing this before HTB - it is $10 for 30 days)
. PWK labs (I personally don’t feel more than 60 days are required - unless you work full-time)
. TJ Null’s OSCP Hack the Box list ($10 for retired HTB machines - very worth it)
. You should be ready for the exam
Exam tips:
. Become proficient with Nmap but use an enumeration tool like nmapAutomator for the exam
. You will need to understand what bash and Python scripts are doing (you don’t need to be able to write them from scratch)
. Don’t be tempted to use a fancy BO methodology for the exam, stick with PWK’s methodology - it works (some of the others don’t)
. Play around with various reverse shell payloads - sometimes a bash one-liner won’t work so you need to go with Python. Sometimes Bash, Python, and netcat won’t work, so you need to understand what alternatives you can use in that scenario
. Get into the habit of reading service manuals. In all 3 of my exams, I came up against machines that had services I’d never even heard of. Fortunately, I’d got into the habit reading service manuals, otherwise, I would have skipped over the services and got lost down a rabbit hole
. Get into the habit of exploiting conventional services in unconventional ways. Just because an SUID binary isn’t on Gtfobins, it doesn’t mean that you can’t exploit the SUID binary in an unconventional way. Again, get into the habit of reading manuals to understand what services do
. Become familiar with Burp Suite. Many exploits won’t work in the way you might expect them to, but they will work if you run them through Burp. Or, at the very least, you’ll be able to understand why they’re not working. This issue came up in my last exam and I would have been completely lost if it weren’t for Burp
. Take breaks if you get frustrated - this is said over and over again by people on this subreddit and it’s an absolute must. The 20 point machine that I couldn’t root after 8 hours on my 2nd exam was on my 3rd exam (thanks Off-Sec - I know you tried to fu*k me with that), but I was able to root it within 1 hour on my 3rd exam, simply because my mindset was different at the time.
. Trust your gut - by doing PWK and HTB machines, you should develop a gut feeling of when you are in a rabbit hole and when you’re on the right track. I ended up rooting over 100 machines before the exam (albeit with plenty of hints and tips) and it helped me develop a good gut feeling. I can’t explain why but there were times in my last exam where I knew I was in the right area even though I wasn’t able to enumerate the specific service version. This feeling simply came from experience. I’m sure many of you watch IppSec’s videos and wonder “how the hell does he know to do X or Y?”. I used to wonder this all the time but after going through dozens of machines, I finally got it. It comes down to experience. Try to do as many machines as you can before the exam to build that gut feeling, and trust it in the exam.
. Embrace failure - this is perhaps the most important thing that I can say. OSCP is a difficult journey and many people fail multiple times before passing. And you know what? That’s okay. It’s okay to fail. It’s how you react to failure that counts. I’m not particularly smart but I embrace failure and I know deep down that I will keep trying until I pass. I was prepared to take the OSCP exam 1000 times if I had to, I was never going to let the exam beat me. I suggest you approach it with the same mentality and not let silly pride prevent you from having a go at it.
One last thing! Join a solid Discord community. This journey has been amazing since day one and a big reason behind that is the amazing online community. I was very active in an HTB community and ended up talking to several people who were going through OSCP at the same time as me. This was honestly such a massive help to me because I didn’t know what the hell I was doing when I first started!
Sorry for the massive rant - I just see so many people on here treating OSCP like an unsurmountable mountain. It’s not. You can do it!
submitted by TheCrypt0nian to oscp [link] [comments]


2020.09.15 20:08 Eipeidwep10 Kosovo - prime example of using a pandemic to manipulate and control your people

Hello guys, this is my first time posting here. But when I had this conversation with a friend yesterday, I had to do my story here and see what you guys think.

Since the independence of Kosovo, the government had been filled with corrupt people. Mostly the same people that were generals and commanders in the Kosovan Liberation Army, a prime example is Hashim Thaci. In his times in the KLA he had been suspected of drug trafficking in Europe ( cocaine and heroine ).
In 2000 when he was part of the Kosovo Protection Force he was suspected of extortion. He would sent people to a business and demand the owners to pay protection money under the guise of "taxes". I've heard stories of people that, those that refused to pay, were either threatened with their lives and businesses.
You can read all about it on his Wikipedia page. These are just the tip of the iceberg for him alone.
There are plenty of others that were with Thaci since the time of the KLA. They've almost all , throughout the ages, secured their places in the government and proceeded to steal, make secret deals with Serbia, extort and blackmail Kosovan businesses, etc, etc.
Now to the conspiracy part. There was always one party "Self - Determination " (Vetevendosje) whom is a progressive social-democratic party and at the head of the party "Albin Kurti".
Always talked about the corruption in our government and always held back by the more powerful and corrupt party. Even if they had a few crazy ideas. They were for the sovereignty of the people and the right to self determination.
The last elections they held were in 2019. After the PM " Ramush Haradinaj" was called on by The Hague for questioning. He resigned his post after being called upon. The president Hashim Thaci was thus constitutionally forced to " designate a new candidate to either form a government, or hold new elections in between 30 and 45 days after consultation with political parties or coalitions who hold a majority in the Assembly,"
Hasim Thaci asked the PANA coalition to chose a candidate PM between the parties. The PANA coalition is a coalition between 4 major and 6 minor parties. When Thaci asked this, some parties opposed this, because they knew Thaci's influence would only bring forth a candidate that he wanted.
This forced him to the latter option. To hold new elections.
It was clear to the people that they had enough of corruption and wanted to give a shot to the Social Democrats party "Self Determination". You can see the voting results on the election wiki link.
They won and Albin Kurti was made PM. Fast forward to a few months ago. The goverment initiated a lockdown on the 12th of March following new reports of 7 corona cases. Albin Kurti did not want this.
Now it's clear as to why he didn't want it. Because what happened next? on the 25th of march, during lockdown, his own coalition partner asked for a motion of no confidence in parliament. No one liked Albin Kurti, because he was against corruption and was planning on changing that drastically. 82 were for the motion of no confidence, 32 were against. They voted him out. People expressed their disgust by banging their pots and pans on their balconies, but it has been already forgotten due to the recent focus of their MSM on the Trump deal between Serbia and Kosovo.
Not even 2 weeks later, before the summer season, they lifted the lockdown measures. A little bit later they started negotiating with Trump, the Serbian president Vucic and the new Kosovo PM Hoti on an economical normalization agreeement. Whose details remain secret until this day. So I don't believe for a second it's purely economical. This article will give you some info.
We also congratulate Prime Minister Hoti on the monumental achievement of normalization of ties and mutual recognition between Kosovo and Israel as well as President Vucic on Serbia’s commitments to open a commercial office and move its Embassy to Jerusalem
And of course the MSM solely focused on the deal and gave almost no attention to the motion of no confidence scandal.
So it was Trump's administration that got the monumental deal of "improving" relations between Serbia and Kosovo and both with Israel or as they put it " the Middle - East ". Very coincidental if you look at Trump's recent Nobel prize of Peace nomination. Add that together with US elections being delayed...
Meanwhile in Kosovo, politicians are now calling Albin Kurti anti - American, because he was against this deal. MSM is encouraging this in their own twisted ways.
Mind you, this is a democratic country. They neglected the vote of the people and used the pandemic to lock them up in their houses, to not give them any option of protesting or standing up against this disgusting government.
I'm not very good at putting together stories and I'm a little bit limited in time, so I hope it can give you some image of what has happened the last few months in Kosovo. I'm eager to know what some of you think of this and I hope it will get the attention it clearly demands.
submitted by Eipeidwep10 to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2020.09.15 16:37 Encircl Know COVID-19 Impact on Advertising Spend and DIgital Marketing

COVID-19 is changing consumer behavior: The change in consumer behaviour is modifying across the globe, hence advertising strategy as well. If you look at the past trends, you will get evidence that a shift in consumer behaviour has affected the advertisement spends on media. The pandemic led to a major shrink in cinema advertising almost instantly when the pandemic upscaled also, print advertising has almost closed shop right now.
Advertisement budgets upscaled for online platforms like social media say ‘We Forum.’ Furthermore, retail brands email open rates have upscaled by 25% Week-on-Week. Daily email open rates have momentarily increased by 5-10% on a weekly basis according to IMH study.
The pandemic is giving priority to Payper click advertising wherein, the online environment is highly favorable for awesome direct response campaigns implying, it encourages quick purchases by customers and builds an attractive base for brands. Also, if you look at Facebook and Google revenue back in the first quarter of 2020, it’s way higher than anticipated because brands knew the need for cautious spends (paid social media marketing and Google Adwords was smart enough to lower the bid prices for a win-win situation.)
Digital marketers right now, in fact when the pandemic began have been in great shape because businesspersons from across locations realized the need for online advertising. Tencent’s digital advertising revenues in the first quarter rose by 32% with a growth rate increase predicted as 8.4%.
The uncertainty about people’s spends and consumption behaviours as well as pattern makes it difficult to make global predictions. Products can be radically altered, marketing and advertising strategies can completely flip over and there is so much advertising data which may be flushed down due to uncertain consumer changes.
Your business has got to explore digital advertising trends this 2020
Need for an integrated approach: As a matter of fact, digital advertising cannot work alone. It needs digital marketing to increase brand awareness, build on engagement and generate some real good revenue! Marketers today need to understand that this merge makes advertising more personalized and relevant rather than a wholesome experience altogether!
Pro Tip: A carefully devised social advertising strategy wherein, an ad is placed in the middle of social feed can really boost revenue for your brand. But first, start social media marketing! Moreover, kickstart your website for reliable online presence.
Focus on revenue: The massive change in market caused an influx of online users who shop implying, brands need to increase their budgets for online advertising and marketing for seeing a rise in ROI in spite of the pandemic!
Pro Tip: Reach out to a marketing firm and get going with organic and paid strategizing for your business including Search Engine Optimization, Paid Marketing, Social Media Engagement Strategy, email marketing, conversational marketing as well as programmatic advertising.
Looking for a profession? Become a digital marketer: A study back in 2017 displayed a major outcome that there has been a need of about 56% when it comes to digital marketers. However, merely 24% of marketers could cater to market needs for advertising and marketing. Due to the pandemic upsurge, 2021 may possibly see a drastic rise in digital marketers because of the need for a savvy marketing strategy.
Pro Tip: Your time to flourish! If you’re new, try an internship?
To know more strategy to tackle Relative Change in Advertising Due to COVID-19, visit source blog.
Source: https://www.encircl.com/blog/the-relative-change-in-advertising-due-to-covid-19/
submitted by Encircl to u/Encircl [link] [comments]


2020.09.13 14:16 HomerQuotingHomer Part 2: The case for #FlattentheCurve – the significant costs and benefits of elimination and lockdown, including perspective on ‘long-term effects’ alarmism

Part 2: The case for #FlattentheCurve – the significant costs and benefits of elimination and lockdown, including perspective on ‘long-term effects’ alarmism
Part 2: The case for #FlattentheCurve – the significant costs and benefits of elimination and lockdown, including perspective on ‘long-term effects’ alarmism
Preface
In the first post of 'The case for #FlattentheCurve' I dedicated some time to the question of:
“Are we being successful; by what standard?”
This question is a much better question than making arguments from a position of “who’s right and wrong?” (i.e. generally how the Sweden debate is framed). We should be looking to optimise our strategy and using this frame we could still improve our approaches even if we were to believe we are the best in the world.
I also pointed out that we should bring some perspective to the issue of COVID-19 mortality as compared to background mortality. We should recognise that there is an inherent need for public policy to weigh up the “value of a life” and the “quality of life” alongside many other measures of public good – personal freedoms, economic outcomes, education, social cohesion, etc.
Put plainly, a human life cannot be “priceless” otherwise we would attempt to take no risks and counter-productively shorten our own lives (and certainly destroy our happiness and prosperity). If we were to pretend that human lives are priceless and seek to protect them “at all costs” then we would degrade our ability sustain overall public health and good (given limited resources). For example:
The Pharmaceutical Benefits Advisory Committee rejects 69 per cent of anti-cancer drugs because they are not cost-effective.
https://www.afr.com/policy/health-and-education/we-could-be-saving-lives-for-less-than-6m-each-20200406-p54hie
So, there is obviously a need to consider whether the Australia’s strategy for COVID-19 is balanced. I think everyone will understand this is worthwhile thing to assess. Unfortunately, it is largely ignored in the daily cycle of cases and deaths. Even worse, the topic can become a point scoring exercise over narrow data-points.
So, this post is intended to extend the discussion from fundamentals of the “skeptical position” (Part 1) to a view of whether the cost and benefit trade-off from our approach to SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19 makes sense. As I asserted in Part 1:
“COVID-19 currently holds a very special place in [our willingness to pay to reduce the risk of death]. Governments, at least in Australasia, have had a sudden and massively increased willingness to incur unprecedented costs (not just financial expense) to reduce the risk of death. The appetite to do “whatever it takes” is not being applied simply to those who are truly at risk, but also to prevent any transmission to those who are not at much risk at all.”
I am attempting to put that assertion to the test here in the best way that I can. I would very much welcome any constructive critique, discussion, or recommendations to improve the analysis. I have tried to layout the basis and data as simply as possible.
… Everyone right to go?
Framing the discussion
Per Part 1, there is a need to outline some key points to frame the discussion.
First, the IFR of COVID-19 is undergoing continual revision and is variously estimated by different authorities and studies, e.g. ~0.6% (WHO), and ~0.4% in the above study. The IFR is also likely to be variable by region and demographics. For example, a recently study puts the IFR at 0.3% for Icelanders:
Of the 1797 persons who had recovered from SARS-CoV-2 infection, 1107 of the 1215 who were tested (91.1%) were seropositive; antiviral antibody titers assayed by two pan-Ig assays increased during 2 months after diagnosis by qPCR and remained on a plateau for the remainder of the study. Of quarantined persons, 2.3% were seropositive; of those with unknown exposure, 0.3% were positive. We estimate that 0.9% of Icelanders were infected with SARS-CoV-2 and that the infection was fatal in 0.3%.
https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa2026116
The point of this is not to say that COVID-19 is not deadly. That would be ignoring the mortality that has already happened. However, we do need to recognise that the originally feared IFR (2.5%+) has not eventuated, and accordingly we should factor this into our weighing our response moving forward. We should also consider whether that fear drove us to take actions which were disproportionately costly to the threat posed.
Second, is that the mortality risks of COVID-19 within the general population are well established. The risk stratifies to the elderly and those with comorbidities.
The estimated IFR is close to zero for children and younger adults but rises exponentially with age, reaching 0.4% at age 55, 1.3% at age 65, 4.5% at age 75, and 15% at age 85. We find that differences in the age structure of the population and the age-specific prevalence of COVID-19 explain 90% of the geographical variation in population IFR. Consequently, protecting vulnerable age groups could substantially reduce the incidence of mortality
https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.07.23.20160895v4.full.pdf
This knowledge should influence the way we view the mortality impact of COVID-19 as compared to our expectations of mortality in normal settings. We know that as you get older your mortality increases and your life expectancy decreases. Utility and quality of life also tends to degrade, although the experience is different from individual to individual, so is difficult to weigh. We do know that as you enter aged-care facilities or palliative care you are probably nearing the end of your life (an unfortunate reality).
Thirdly, we are going to need to find a way to quantify “the benefits and costs” of our strategy. This means that we need to attribute some value to a “life year” for the analysis. From my research, Australia does not have a set standard for the value of a life year (or I couldn’t find it). So I have referred to the number used by Professor Tony Blakely and Professor Nick Wilson in their March 2020 analysis:
How much do we spend to try to reap this expected gain? Based on rules of thumb in the health sector (e.g. decisions on which medicines to approve and fund) – about $A100,000 per life year.
https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-maths-and-ethics-of-minimising-covid-19-deaths
Another good baseline is to look at our overall healthcare expenditure. According to this source:
In 2017–18, an estimated $185.4 billion was spent on health goods and services in Australia. This equates to an average of approximately $7,485 per person https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/health-welfare-expenditure/health-expenditure-australia-2017-18/contents/summary
It is worth noting that includes personal, private insurance and non-government spending; with Federal and State combined spending at ~127 billion. Apparently, our spending is 7th highest in the OECD, so we can probably safely say that Australia’s appetite for spending to achieve better health outcomes is quite high.
Perspective on ‘long-term effects’ alarmism
One of the persistent points of concern is that of the potential “long-term” or chronic illnesses which could result from COVID-19. I expect it would be raised in reply to this post. You could make comparisons between this and the initial fears for the IFR; in the absence of good data (and responsible reporting) people will assume the worst possible or most extreme outcome is going to eventuate.
This video by a UK Cardiologist, shared by u/frawks24, does a really good job of putting quite a bit of the alarmism into perspective.
But, how to approach it in this analysis?
It is quite difficult because there simply is not a great deal of data or meta-analysis for ‘chronic illness or morbidity’ as being a widespread issue following COVID-19 recovery. Studies have commenced but they a long way from being completed. Some initial studies have been conducted but they demonstrate narrow effects or have even been debunked / retracted.
There are plenty of anecdotes, alarmist articles and social media posts, but nothing all that substantive so far in terms of systemic studies. Apparent illnesses following COVID-19 range from headaches and lethargy, all the way through the horrible burning pains for months on end. People are claiming all kinds of things, making comparisons to HIV, and generally conflating so called “mounting evidence” with actual evidence.
Governments which have seen widespread community transmission and recoveries are not (yet) raising the alarm over a sudden increase in other chronic illnesses popping up across their populations. Of note:
  • There has been something like ~28m confirmed infections of COVID-19 worldwide. A magnitude more cases will have gone undetected and will have been largely asymptomatic or had mild symptoms. The estimates for this range significantly (10 times seems to be suggested as a rule of thumb, but some estimates are much higher) and there is some good background on this topic here: https://ourworldindata.org/covid-models.
  • Some people are saying they have non-chronic but noticeable symptoms which linger for a period post recovery, although it is difficult to get an actual proportion of these against confirmed cases.
  • Still fewer people than this are claiming / attributing more serious chronic illnesses or conditions. The instances of these seem to be largely anecdotal and very rare as far as I can tell.
Anyway, the point of raising it is that I am not going to simply dismiss ‘long-term effects’ in my analysis. Instead, I am going to make an explicit assumption that there are some long-term effects for some proportion of the population. However, I am not going to assume it is delayed ebola virus where your organs melt after 12 months’ time. That does not seem reasonable.
More to come on this later.
Establishing a range of ‘years of life’ saved
We need to start with a baseline of the years of life we expect we will have saved by pursuing the path we have.
In the first post I provided the example of Japan, which did not implement any general lockdown, has much greater community transmission, and an older population - yet has roughly one-third the death rate per million that we do in Australia. It achieved this specifically by protecting aged-care facilities and the vulnerable. Yet, we are told there is “only one option” for Australia…Anyway, that was the last post.
For the purpose of this analysis I am going to look at a range of potential mortality outcomes under alternative settings. This does not require any fancy or difficult calculations, because we can simply look at deaths per million from overseas.
Confirmed deaths per million - Sep'10 2020 Source: Our World in Data: https://ourworldindata.org/graphetotal-covid-cases-deaths-per-million?tab=table&year=latest&time=2019-12-31..2020-09-10
Imgur: https://imgur.com/Xc3zKf8
San Marino and Andorra are very small countries, so we will remove them from our analysis, and take the average of the remaining countries, as well as the world average, which gives:

https://preview.redd.it/ab6u9orrewm51.png?width=624&format=png&auto=webp&s=3d65952290ec80efa40204817a4fc41902d2d955
Imgur: https://imgur.com/bMSOwUz
Australia’s current population is ~25.5m. So, a proxy for lives saved to-date would be between 2,200 and 16,200 lives (just by scaling to the top and average death rates above). This estimate is actually a little bit higher than Federal CHO Brendan Murphy’s estimate of 14,000 avoided deaths.
Now, let us calculate the expected age-stratification of those deaths. I will apply the Australian mortality data, and to cross-check I have also selected Italy given that we have much lower transmission.
This provides the following results:
https://preview.redd.it/pfhcoqczewm51.png?width=624&format=png&auto=webp&s=6e02f4165a464f0881d3978aac4286d54320c50e
Imgur: https://imgur.com/ZORFpDp
What we see here is that applying Italy’s mortality seems to output a greater burden on the young. So, if we use Italy as the assumption then our ‘life years” saved will be greater (i.e. we assume we are saving more life years). We can reference the Australian Life Tables as a guide to calculating an expected “numbers of years lost” for each age group, as follows:
https://preview.redd.it/6oyruzs2fwm51.png?width=624&format=png&auto=webp&s=9e937da44f1a2f5c9e0598e6b644a4d0cb0ed155
Imgur: https://imgur.com/cRzjoar
So that gives us a range of ‘gross life years saved’ between ~27,000 and ~203,000 to-date, prior to any adjustments we need to make.
Excess mortality and adjusting for real-world observations
You will hopefully note that there are two material adjustments which are required:
  1. The substantive proportion of deaths are in aged care (70%; 588 Australia-wide; 557 in Victoria), in which individuals tend to have a much lower life expectancy than the general population. Adjusting for this will bring down ‘life years saved’ as average life expectancy in aged care is 2 to 3 years. If we are conservative (again) and say that 40% of the overall deaths (from ages 70+) would have been aged-care related, then that would bring the overall ‘years of life saved’ to a ‘high-end’ of 160,421.
  2. COVID-19 mortality substantially impacts individuals with comorbidities. These are also individuals which will have a lower life expectancy than the average. However, this would be complex to calculate because we would need establish specific comorbidities impacted for Australia, and the relative life expectancy with those. So, we will exclude any adjustment for this.
By this stage we can see we have built a conservative view of life years saved by assuming more deaths and only adjusting the aged-care factor, not comorbidities. There is a further consideration that we could make, which is whether any of the ‘lives saved’ in our projection would part of background mortality or excess mortality.
Put another way, given that ~160,000 Australian’s die per annum would the ~16,200 lives saved (high-end) in this analysis be entirely in excess to that (i.e. they would not have died except for COVID-19)? Probably not. However, in the interests of keeping this simple (and conservative) I will assume that these are entirely excess deaths.
I will use the figure provided by Professor Blakely of $100,000 AUD per life year; if it is good enough for him, it is good enough for me.
This equates to ~$16bn. A pretty large number. No wonder elimination and lockdowns seemed like a great idea in March… even more so when doomsday mortality figures were being thrown around. Let us move on to the next section.
Mounting costs of massive government intervention
I’ll start this section by saying that it is obvious Victoria is creating all kinds of issues, not just for the people of Victoria who are enduring the longest and strictest lockdown in a western democracy, but for the national strategy.
Stepping back. In March, the Grattan Institute said ‘shutdown’ for 8 to 12 weeks (Endgame C) and wait for a vaccine if it was coming shortly. Unless of course the 8 to 12 week shutdown was not successful, in which case we should #FlattentheCurve (Endgame A). There are a few things they did not account for:
  • Each state taking divergent paths.
  • Victoria being the only state to fail in its control of the virus.
  • Other states slamming their borders shut until zero is achieved.
Hence, as a nation we are essentially ‘locked in’ to ‘locking down’ Victorians, otherwise the country cannot re-open. Either that or Victoria will be isolated (unless there were some partnership with NSW). This ‘critical flaw’ was always inherent in the elimination strategy because once started there was no way to force the states to work together in changing circumstances (and they have not).
Recalling a quote from Part 1:
“Not surprisingly, willingness to pay to reduce the risk of death varies significantly with the type of death.”
It bears repeating that COVID-19 seems to hold a special place on our willingness to do “whatever it takes”. So, we should reflect for a moment on whether the costs we are incurring to eliminate COVID-19 makes sense when compared to normal settings.
Let's look at the fiscal costs which have been incurred to-date. From a federal perspective, the Parliamentary Budget Office provides a good summary of the fiscal impact - noting that this is pre-extension of lockdown in Victoria.
“The analysis shows that the impact of COVID-19 may result in Commonwealth Government net debt in 2029–30 being between 14 and 24 per cent of GDP (up to $800 billion) higher than it would have been otherwise, as shown in the chart”
And…
“Any new spending measures, unless offset by other savings, would result in a further deterioration in the fiscal aggregates in these scenarios.”
In fact, the fiscal forecast has continued to deteriorate month-on-month since April, and is likely to continue to do so as the lockdown in Victoria is ongoing, international borders remain closed, and hard borders across the country prevent the recovery of key industries and economic drivers (tourism, migration, hospitality, etc.). State debts are also ballooning with Victoria’s predicament looking particularly dire right now. Given the $116bn hit is estimated for inner Melbourne alone, we can be pretty certain that the overall economic situation is looking pretty bad.
Scott Morrison’s ‘hibernate the economy’ concept which he touted at the outset of pandemic was a complete fallacy. I believe it was misleading. It is increasingly looking like the cost of COVID-19, including the drive to achieve elimination, could be well north of 1 trillion AUD when you combine lost GDP, as well as ballooning federal and state government debts.
Of course, we could not attribute all of this to our strategic choice of elimination. A recent paper by a New Zealand economist Dr Martin Lally, who analyses the cost/benefit of the New Zealand approach, makes the following point:
“Some of these GDP losses would have arisen without any government-imposed restrictions, because some people would have reduced their interactions with others anyway; for example, a foreigner electing not to make a trip to New Zealand that they would otherwise have made. Further losses would have arisen due to the additional actions of foreign governments; for example, foreign governments preventing their citizens from making foreign trips. Further losses would have arisen if the New Zealand government had followed merely a mitigation strategy. Further losses would have arisen from the New Zealand government instead following a suppression strategy. It is only the last of these losses that can be attributed to the New Zealand government choosing to lockdown rather than mitigate.”
Dr Lally suggests 25% of New Zealand’s overall projected GDP impact as attributable to lockdown, and that is also prior to their second lockdown in Auckland.
It is right to claim that we would have seen significant impacts from COVID-19 even without lockdowns and hard borders in Australia. However, it is relatively indisputable that the forced closure businesses and industries by the government, and repeated lockdowns, is going to incur a very heavy cost on its own as well.
Even if we only assume that only 10% of the potential GDP impact of $800bn (ignoring state debts etc.) is due to lockdowns, hard borders, and other restrictions then we are looking at an $80bn cost. If we used 25% (Dr Lally’s number), we would have a range between $80bn to $200bn.
Using the 'lower-end' 80bn, this equates to ~$500K to ‘per life year saved’ under our high-end projection - which is 5 times higher than Professor Blakely’s value for a life year. At the low-end projection of life years saved it would be nearly $3m per life year. Given the Pharmaceutical Benefits Advisory Committee generally approve drugs and medicines which cost less than $50K per quality adjusted life year, we know that we’re in pretty rich territory in terms of our intervention costs so far.
Another way to put it in perspective is that the cost ‘per life’ (rather than life year) would be ~$5m. For this kind cost to make sense under normal settings, then every single death / life saved (in our high projection), of the ~16,000, would need to be a relatively young adult with 40 years of life ahead of them. We know that is not the case from the IFR data.
So, at this point we have some reasonable assumptions for what we could call our “core” benefits and costs. However, there are two ‘quality of life’ assumptions we should be attributing some values to and the magnitude of these numbers could swing things substantially:
  1. Benefits from avoiding long-term effects
  2. Temporary ‘people and society’ costs as a result of lockdowns
Onwards! If you're still with me...
Assuming some numbers for ‘long-term effects’
Earlier I provided some perspective on ‘long-term effects’; recognising that we should factor in some cost because we don’t yet know the extent of this (maybe it's real, maybe it's not). A calculation for long-term effects could also be a reasonable proxy for the often stated “fear of contagion” negative impacts if we had community transmission occurring.
So, for the purposes of this analysis let us use the following assumptions:
  • A portion of COVID-19 recoveries would either have lingering symptoms which temporarily reduce their quality of life (say for 6 months).
  • A small proportion will incur some sort of chronic illness for the rest of their lives. We will also assume that the likelihood of these occurring follows the age-stratification as COVID-19 mortality, which intuitively makes sense given risk of illness and chronic illness increases as you age.
So I am going to base the analysis on the following parameters, and these produce some pretty substantive numbers:
  • 60% of the Australian population are infected before we achieve a natural level of herd immunity and the pandemic subsides; ~15.2m people
  • 10% have ‘lingering symptoms’ temporarily reducing their quality of life; ~1.5m people. We will quantify their illness by saying that their quality of life is reduced by 20% before they fully recover over a period of six months. These are reasonably bad symptoms for a lot of people.
  • 0.5% suffers a chronic illness as a result; ~75,000 people. They will lose a 25% of their remaining life expectancy. That’s a fairly substantial impact.
This is what the ‘years of life’ looks like for those assumptions:
https://preview.redd.it/96b71qusfwm51.png?width=624&format=png&auto=webp&s=52693cbcc71b4cecdf977f7ab14da964fcdbe34f
Imgur: https://imgur.com/Vbbk0hf
These are some staggering figures given that they are actually greater than ‘years of life saved’ we calculated earlier. Still, that is what people seem to be fearing so we will keep them for our purposes. The ‘benefits’ accrued by avoiding this, again using the $100,000 AUD figure, would be ~$39bn AUD.
This is a significant number and even if it is only a general assumption it is quite revealing of something else. The hyper-focus on deaths and preventing deaths (by government and media), with little value attributed to other aspects of life, misses what is a much larger part of the overall equation....
... which takes us to the next section.
Costs on people and society
Aside from GDP, there are other costs to our lives as a result of our strategy. Many of the things which are typically of value and importance to us have been temporarily taken away – such as the ability to see family who are interstate, travel, and larger social events. We know that people are being prevented or restricted from participating in some of the important milestones of their lives, such as funerals, weddings, birthdays, births, etc. These are all "worth something". As is the ability to exercise your own agency, work and just generally determine your own day.
I do not want to labour the point or make this too complex, so for the purposes of this analysis let us say that for every state, except Victoria, the balance is OK on a temporary basis (until the vaccine). The restrictions on life in these states are generally reasonable (unless you are unlucky), and as such the overall quality of life in 2020 is pretty much as it was in 2019.
Victoria is another story entirely. Some will have been devastated, some will be hanging in there, and others will be doing OK for now and just want it to be over. Every single one has had their lives impacted in some way though. For all intent and purposes, this is not a dissimilar calculation to the concept of ‘lingering effects’ in that Victorians have had some faculty they valued taken away temporarily. Even if you support the measures and you're a Victorian, there will have been some personal cost to you (unless you already lived inside 23 hours a day and never ventured outside your suburb).
Intuitively (and it has been reported as such), the costs of these measures will more greatly affect the younger age groups, who are more social and physically active. It still is not without cost to the elderly who are no doubt more isolated than ever before. So, if we assume that overall quality of life for Victorians over the last 6 months (or until 24 October) has only been reduced by a maximum of 10% in any age group (5% for the elderly) then we get something like the below.

https://preview.redd.it/xg7kmfb3gwm51.png?width=624&format=png&auto=webp&s=97a28e70e5f6cfd6bb3dbf0c0656e8628f0fcdae
Imgur: https://imgur.com/ArPCgIW
Converting to monetary terms, in the same way as above, this equates to ~$25.4bn.
It’s not near the level of ‘long-term effects’ that we calculated above, but it is not insignificant (and it is probably underestimated given the severity of actual restrictions in Victoria).
This also does not include any of the costs associated with chronic illness or deaths which might be exacerbated by the lockdowns. For example, we know that Victoria has some inordinate number of elective surgeries that have been delayed. I am not going to try and calculate those here, but they are no doubt significant as well. If you do not believe that the above ‘quality of life’ figure is reasonable, then you might choose to use it as a proxy for exacerbated illnesses… or calculate your own.
Playing (or is it praying?) for a vaccine
So, we know the vaccine is close right? We bloody well hope it is given the state of things.
Let us assume we get it before end-March 2021 and it is 100% effective, which means that we have saved every life year we would have otherwise lost in the above analysis. Victoria comes out of lockdown on time and the nation re-opens by Christmas. We do not end up spending any more money intervening through lockdown measures by that point (it's all baked in).
Under this kind of described scenario, I should increase the ‘life years saved’ because presumably we will "save more lives" over the subsequent six months. In fact, in the interests of remaining conservative, I will double that benefit and only use the low-end fiscal costs.
What does the summary look like then?
https://preview.redd.it/gkmd4yu9gwm51.png?width=624&format=png&auto=webp&s=87f01a97a5f9c030a93340f99b7735205e0e5297
Imgur: https://imgur.com/4ZtxHfe
It looks like we are well and truly underwater in terms of strategy; by some ~$30bn. Even if you make no allowance for the temporary ‘quality of life costs’ of lockdown in Victoria, but assume you will have avoided long-term effects, the equation still appears to be negative for our strategy.
How would we reconcile this given we were told this is the best way? Or the "only way" if you're in Victoria.
The elimination and lockdown strategy may have made sense at 8 to 12 weeks, but it's downside risks and costs were vastly underestimated. In the panic of March 2020, an “at all costs” approach probably made sense. If the mortality rate from COVID-19 was 2.5%, then it would have been justified. However, the mortality rate is simple is not that high in observation. Further to this, if the vaccine does not prove to be fully effective at preventing community transmission and mortality from COVID-19, then our claimed benefits can only get worse.
In fact, if you support elimination and lockdown at this point, a useful question worth asking is:
  • How many lives do we have to save for the elimination and lockdown strategy to be successful?
  • If the vaccine isn't fully effective, is a 90% reduction in comparative mortality good enough? How about a 50% reduction?
  • Do we need to guarantee zero excess deaths from COVID-19 before we re-open?
Before I close out, how might I interpret my own analysis in a way that is a counterfactual to support the ‘elimination and lockdown’ argument?
  • Victoria’s bungling has cost the whole nation dearly (and Victorians obviously)
  • If not for Victoria, we would have been shutdown for only 8 to 12 weeks nationally.
  • If not for Victoria, then the national borders would be open and the impact to the nation would be far less than it will end up being. We would in fact be recovering very quickly.
  • Therefore 'staying the course' makes sense for the majority of Australians based on the current settings they are experiencing (but perhaps not when all the costs are counted at 'the end').
Closing comment
If you have managed to get through this ~5000 word analysis / argument, then I say to you “congratulations, but what are you doing with your life?”… :)
Really though, you may vehemently disagree on the assertions, calculations, or assumptions used here. You may agree in parts, but think some of these are underestimated or overestimated. Ultimately, this is to prompt discussion and I will correct any mistakes I've made or even happy to make reasoned adjustments.
Any feedback or genuine discussion is much appreciated.
submitted by HomerQuotingHomer to CoronavirusDownunder [link] [comments]


2020.09.08 23:41 Build_Future Job with purpose?

Hey everyone! I want to start this post with a couple of disclaimers:
  1. English is my secondary language, so likely this post contains lots of mistakes... Thank you in advance for your understanding.
  2. I'm new here, but I don't know whether there are other platforms to share such thoughts and honestly I don't know which feedback I expect. Probably I want to hear smth from like-minded people, or I'd like to understand what's wrong with me or probably someone could recommend good related literature :)
  3. Please point out if there are already some similar posts, unfortunately, I haven't found such so far.
So, I'm(mid-twenties) software engineer with ~3 years of experience aaaand I don't understand how to find not a purposeless job.
What I mean:
  1. IMO there are sooo many startups which aimed only for the money wealth. "Increase your productivity as a developer, manager, etc.", "we build a completely new innovative ML/DL/Blockchain/HYPE tool". you don't understand it's a COMPLETELY NEW approach, solution etc. In reality we just take one of the existing technology and build marketing around it.
  2. Finance area is another very strange animal for me. We just make money from the air and place them back? I mean, of course, I don't have enough knowledge about the finance, buuut I can't understand how it helps our(people) well-being globally, are there any cases? In addition, does anyone care about this very popular fact (shall I say bag of capitalism?) ?
  3. Corporate companies. I think almost everyone understands pros and cons of such companies. However, how to work there and silently admit green washing, all of this "bla bla diversity", where actually there are actually no so many good results in those direction and especially politics stuff? In some cases it's even more serious and you just silently support slavery. Btw, privacy is dead... ?
  4. Medicine... hmmm proooobably the good one, but there is also a lot of lobby there...
Is it possible in 21 century to find transparent enough, fair enough, ethical enough and diverse enough company which tries to solve actual problems?
Is it possible to find the job where as a Developer you can really help people! Help to protect basic human rights, make people more educated (in different aspects), help them to live better lives? And how? Do you have any tips how to detect bullshit/green/diverse-washing on interviews?
Thank you and have a great day/morning/evening/life :)
submitted by Build_Future to cscareerquestions [link] [comments]


2020.09.07 02:07 LouMing Find Laura: a Season 3 scene-by-scene analysis 2H

2H
Previous Posts:
Finding Laura: Part 1: 1A1B1C1D1E1F1G1H1I1J1K1L1M1N
Finding Laura Sidebar: FWWM & TMP: Mr.. Mibbler’s Complaint A
Finding Laura: A Visual Abstraction A
Finding Laura: Part 2: 2A2B2C2D2E2F2G

Find Laura: a Season 3 scene-by-scene analysis 2H


Chantal

Having been abruptly hung-up on by someone calling themselves “Phillip Jeffries,” the Bad Cooper logs in to the FBI website with his agent ID (he is, after all, Federal Bureau of Investigation Special Agent Dale Cooper), which appears to lead directly to a map showing the location of the city of Buckhorn in South Dakota. It then zooms out revealing Buckhorn as located at the western border of the state, while Yankton Federal Prison is located at the southeastern corner, clear on the other side of the state.
He searches for and then downloads what would seem to be the floor plans for the prison, including electrical schematics (in reality they are for a Roland TB-303, a bassline synthesizer used for music recording) and floor plans from Eclipse Phase, (scroll down several swipes to view), described as “...a pen & paper roleplaying game of post-apocalyptic transhuman conspiracy and horror”).
When finished, we go to a white screen with the words “Yankton Federal Prison” and “Download Complete.” And then a fly flies past the screen. The Fly is a motif we’ve tracking since Part 1, and here it is again, last seen in installment 1N in this series crawling on the Twin Peaks sheriff’s station conference room table.
The Bad Cooper disconnects his electronics, leaving them in the room with Daria’s body as he exits. We see that he is leaving room 6 of the motel and he walks directly to room 7, where Chantal awaits.
She responds to his knock opening the door, a pistol clutched to her breast. He follows her into room 7.
Room 7 is littered with cheese-snack bags, a box of Cheez-its, a 40 oz bottle of malt liquobeer, a bottle of Yoo-Hoo chocolate drink, a Twinkie on the chair, a champagne bottle on the table, and Cheetos strewn around the floor.
Chantal loves junk food. And the room’s color scheme is familiar, matching what we saw when we met Marjorie Green and her dog Armstrong.
The Bad Cooper: I need you to clean up in room 6. Everything.
Chantal: Daria? That’s good news, I was getting (so) jealous of that bitch.
The Bad Cooper: ...then go get your husband. I need you and Hutch in a certain area in a few days. I’ll get word to you.
Chantal: Ok, boss.
The Bad Cooper: Chantal, come here.
She saunters over to him as he sits on the bed. She parts her legs and raises her hands up, a soda can with a straw in her left hand and the pistol still in her right. He runs his left hand up her inner left thigh saying “oh, you’re nice and wet. Chantal quietly grunts and chuckles in affirmation.
The destruction of Sam and Tracy happened in tandem with the introduction of Ray and Daria. Perhaps the creation of accomplices for the Bad Cooper is a zero-sum game and shooting Daria in the head “created” the space for Chantal.
The bizarre disposal of Jack at the storage unit could then have made space for Chantal’s husband Hutch, not yet seen. If that’s the case then Ray, it seems, is a wild card.

Cooper, Remember

We fade to black, then a hard cut back to the Good Cooper as we left him several minutes ago. As I asserted in the previous installment, this shot of the Good Cooper in the Red Room bookends the “real life” segment we just completed with the Bad Copper. That cut was triggered by the Evolution of the Arm’s question to the Good Cooper: “Do you remember your doppelgänger? He must come back in before you can go out.”
In the language of cinema this was a cutaway,) which would indicate that what we just saw was what the Good Cooper thought of in answer to the Evolution of the Arm’s question, “Do you remember your doppelgänger?”
And what he “remembered” was:
  1. First, the Bad CoopeBOB exchanges his vehicle for a different one (we reviewed in the last installment the concept of vehicles and drivers and how they could relate to bodies and consciousness in a dreamspace).
  2. Then the Bad Cooper murders Daria.
  3. Then the Bad Cooper (with BOB) interacts with an otherworldly place and is confronted by its inhabitant(s).
That can be read as an abstracted version of:
  1. Leland possessed by the spirit of “BOB.”
  2. The train car murder in FWWM.
  3. Leland and BOB entering the Red Room at the end of FWWM.
Which is, in our Finding Laura analysis, a nicely abstracted version of the story of the BOB-fueled doppelgängers of both Leland and Agent Cooper.
If that is correct, then Chantal’s coupling with the Bad Cooper following the murder of Daria is an abstracted version of Laura at the conclusion of Fire Walk With Me, sitting in the Red Room with Cooper standing over her. When her angel returned and she was weeping with joy as Doc Hayward had predicted. Her face “nice and wet” from her tears now perverted to her sexual arousal as she presents herself before her guardian Agent/Angel.
The Bad Cooper’s changing vehicles itself is also an abstraction at the conclusion of the Season 2 cliffhanger where the Bad Cooper overtakes the Good Cooper, becoming the host of BOB and taking the Good Cooper’s place outside the Red Room.
And it points to an idea we’ve mentioned previously, that Agent Cooper is an idealized father-figure, created to replace her failed real father in her subconscious. A surrogate protector to solve the mystery of her bad-transformer-world and who ultimately, in the best “time-and-time-again” fashion is himself, in kind, possessed by BOB.
Think back to “Leland’s wound” bleeding in the Red Room in FWWM and then think of season 2’s cliffhanger, with Cooper bleeding from the same gut wound as he staggers through the Red Room.

I Mean It like It Is, like It Sounds

We then get a reverse shot of the Evolution of the Arm, and then it speaks:
The Evolution of the Arm: 2-5-7 (captioned “2-5-3”). Time and time again. Bob... Bob Bob. Go now! Go now!
With this scene, specifically this line, we come back again to one of our recurring themes, the Bad Transformer.
The basic idea being that Laura Palmer, as we described it in installment 1G, was entering a psychogenic fugue state in her last seven days in FWWM, quickly losing touch with reality.
Here Lynch flat-out has us experience this break. Our eyes see one thing, our ears hear another.
The Evolution of the Arm says “2-5-7.”
The Evolution of the Arm is captioned “2-5-3.”
How do you know what is correct, what’s real if you can’t trust your own eyes and ears?
I posted this observation separate from this series once several months ago. I was surprised that readers wrote that I was wrong. They insisted they heard the Evolution of the Arm say “2-5-3.” If you are one who feels that way, I invite you to listen to the scene without reading the subtitles or looking at the screen at all.
Phillip Gerard leads the Good Cooper to exit the room, but when we cut to him stepping into the Red Room hallway, there is only Cooper, entering in slow motion. He walks down the hall toward us and then turns to his right to enter the next room. But when he tries to enter there’s a visual cut and with a crackle of electricity and the Good Cooper is stopped from opening the curtain.
Puzzled, he stops to ponder the curtains, then walks back from where he came. He re-enters that room, stopping halfway through to observe the room’s contents, as it is now empty. He studies the scene for a moment, and then continues and exits the room into the next hallway.
That next room he is able to enter, and once inside finds to his left Leland Palmer, seated in one of the two chairs used earlier by Phillip Gerard and Laura. Here there is just the one chair, with Leland seated and flanked by the two fluted lamps, but there is no Venus statue behind him.
Cooper stops to look at him. The look on Leland’s face seems to be one of intense sadness.
Leland: Find Laura.
It’s no surprise that we find Leland in the Red Room. He became part of it after Laura’s murder in the train car where we saw him enter through the circle of sycamore trees. And at the end of season 2 he is there waiting when Agent Cooper enters, insisting “I did not kill anybody.”
This time Leland says “Find Laura.” Cooper, seeing Leland now and hearing this instruction, seems to be receiving a necessary key for his further progress. And obviously in my opinion it is a clue that unlocks the entire hidden narrative of Season 3, hence the name of this series you’re reading now.
The Good Cooper turns, swiftly continuing on his way. But before he can reach the next corner to exit, he slows his pace, seeing something. We see and hear electrical crackling as it flashes on his face. He steps forward and seems to pass into the curtain in a more two-dimensional way, as if stepping behind a wall, not walking through a curtain.
Visually this reminds me of the scene in Lost Highway after Fred and Renee are interviewed in their bedroom by the two detectives. Moving on...
Cut to: the Good Cooper steps forward and faces us, as he did when first meeting the Evolution of the Arm. But the reverse shot here shows that he sees two Red Rooms at the same time, one pulling away and one zooming closer, to the sound of further electrical crackling. We cut to Gerard and the Evolution of the Arm, then a close up zoom to a Venus statue, then back. Gerard exclaims, “Something’s wrong!” To which the Evolution of the Arm replies, “My doppelgänger.”

The Return

We cut back to the Good Cooper as he walks forward undeterred, the doubling now ceased. But did we just witness Cooper cross from the Red Room we know and enter a double of the Red Room? And what caused the doubling he (and we) witnessed?
Agent Cooper exits the room into a hallway in the usual way, but there is now a Venus statue at the other end of the hall. A pulsating roar builds on the soundtrack as Cooper approaches. He reaches the other side, parts the curtains and looks down upon a two-lane highway cutting through a hilly desert terrain. There’s a horse-crossing sign to the right and a car approaching from the distance.
Cut to the Bad Cooper, the driver of said car. He is approaching the place where the Good Cooper is to return, where the Bad Cooper is to be “pulled back into that place they call the Black Lodge.”
The Good Cooper’s consciousness is meant to leave the Red Room and re-enter his corporeal body, and the Bad Cooper’s consciousness is to depart back into the Red Room (which some call the “Black Lodge”). The Bad Cooper checks his watch, fully anticipating the change to occur as it is nearly 2:53.
When we reach Part 18, there will be a scene with Cooper driving down a similar desert road, with Diane as his passenger. Instead of a *time coordinate (2:53) he will have a space coordinate (430 miles). The plan is to drive to a certain time (for the Bad Cooper and BOB) and place (for the Good Cooper and Diane) where they each, in kind, could cross over.*
The idea of a consciousness suddenly inhabiting a character through ideas learned from dreams that bloom in their memory and then becoming *real, is a functional concept, a* mechanism of transportation in this internal, subconscious world we are observing. The “body” is a vehicle for consciousness.”
When you get there, you will already be there. When your consciousness awakens, your existence will already be in progress.”
But just as the car passes beneath the Good Cooper, in the Red Room the Venus statue suddenly animates and transforms. It becomes an even more grotesque version of the Evolution of the Arm, with this one’s “brain” yellowed with black markings (some see the owl-cave symbol on its face), and its limbs whipping about furiously. It roars and seemingly laughs as the whole of the Red Room begins to shake while beneath Cooper’s feet individual columns, extruding from the two dimensional lines of the floor’s chevron pattern, literally separate, shifting up and down.
The Good Cooper tries to keep his footing, but with the Evolution of the Arm’s single exclamation, “non-existent!,” the floor opens up and the Good Cooper plummets into black water below, and in a literal flash the Good Cooper is falling through space and then slams hard into the roof of the glass box in New York.
The star field Cooper falls through is in my definition a field of potentiality, of millions of possible worlds, each with their own outcome. Like the SD cards that Sam catalogs and stores in the case in the glass box room, they are an expression of the theme of the many that exist inside the One.
These are the many individual dreamscapes, a multitude spread out before Cooper as he falls, faster and faster through space.
Next: Saving Sam and Tracy
If you like what you’ve read and would like to support my writing, you can tip me here.
Thanks! Lou Ming
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2020.09.03 20:50 TheUnknownStitcher General Election Polling Discussion Thread (September 2nd, 2020)

Introduction

Welcome to the /politics polling discussion thread for the general election. As the election nears, polling of both the national presidential popular vote and important swing states is ramping up, and with both parties effectively deciding on nominees, pollsters can get in the field to start assessing the state of the presidential race. Please use this thread to discuss polling and the general state of the presidential or congressional election. Below, you'll find some of the most recent polls, but this is by no means exhaustive, as well as some links to prognosticators sharing election models.
As always though, polls don't vote, people do. Regardless of whether your candidate is doing well or poorly, democracy only works when people vote, and there are always at least a couple polling misses every cycle, some of which are pretty high profile. If you haven't yet done so, please take some time to register to vote or check your registration status.

Polls

Below is a collection of recent polling of the US Presidential election. This is likely incomplete and also omits the generic congressional ballot as well as Senate/House/Gubernatorial numbers that may accompany these polls. Please use the discussion space below to discuss any additional polls not covered. Additionally, not all polls are created equal. If this is your first time looking at polls, the FiveThirtyEight pollster ratings page is a helpful tool to assess historic partisan lean in certain pollsters, as well as their past performance.
With the conclusion of both major parties’ nominating conventions, pollsters scrambled into the field to conduct polls of swing states and the national race. The result has been a slew of high quality pollsters releasing their numbers on Wednesday as well as today, which paint a picture of the electorate right after the candidates are expected to have received a temporary convention bounce.
Poll Date Type Biden Trump
Quinnipiac University 9-3 Florida 48 45
Quinnipiac University 9-3 Pennsylvania 52 44
Monmouth University 9-3 North Carolina 48 46
Monmouth University 9-3 North Carolina 47 45
Monmouth University 9-3 North Carolina 48 46
Rasmussen Reports 9-3 Pennsylvania 47 48
Harper Polling 9-3 Minnesota 48 45
USC Dornsife 9-3 National 50 42
USC Dornsife 9-3 National 51 42
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 52 42
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 52 42
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 51 42
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 51 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 52 42
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 51 42
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 53 42
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 42
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 42
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 45
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 51 42
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 51 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 51 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 41
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 52 41
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 42
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 51 42
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 42
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 51 42
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 51 41
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 51 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 51 42
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 51 41
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 51 41
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 51 41
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 42
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 41
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 42
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 41
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 41
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 40
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 51 40
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 45
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 47 45
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 46
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 45
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 42
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 51 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 51 41
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 51 41
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 40
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 45
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 46
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 45
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 45
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 45
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 45
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 45
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 45
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 45
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 45
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 45
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 45
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 42
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 50 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 42
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 47 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 47 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 42
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 47 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 49 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 43
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 48 44
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 47 45
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 47 45
Morning Consult 9-2 Wisconsin 47 45
Fox News 9-2 Wisconsin 49 41
Fox News 9-2 North Carolina 49 45
Fox News 9-2 Wisconsin 50 42
Fox News 9-2 North Carolina 50 46
Fox News 9-2 Arizona 49 40
Fox News 9-2 Arizona 49 39
Ipsos 9-2 National 43 38
SSRS 9-2 National 51 43
Harris Insights & Analytics 9-2 National 46 40
Morning Consult 9-2 National 51 43
Morning Consult 9-2 National 51 43
Morning Consult 9-2 National 50 43
Morning Consult 9-2 National 51 44
Morning Consult 9-2 National 52 42
Morning Consult 9-2 National 51 43
Quinnipiac University 9-2 National 52 42
Qriously 9-2 National 46 41
Opinium 9-2 Florida 50 43
Opinium 9-2 Wisconsin 53 39
IBD 9-2 National 49 41
YouGov 9-2 National 51 40
Rasmussen Reports 9-2 National 48 45
Monmouth University 9-2 Pennsylvania 49 46
Monmouth University 9-2 Pennsylvania 49 45
Monmouth University 9-2 Pennsylvania 48 47
Suffolk University 9-2 National 46 41
Ipsos 9-2 National 47 40
USC Dornsife 9-2 National 51 42
USC Dornsife 9-2 National 51 41
Opinium 9-2 National 53 39
Suffolk University 9-2 National 49 43
Selzer & Co. 9-2 National 49 41
Redfield & Wilton Strategies 9-1 National 49 40
Landmark Communications 9-1 Georgia 40 47
East Carolina University 9-1 North Carolina 46 48
Public Policy Polling 9-1 Michigan 48 44
Expedition Strategies 9-1 Montana 44 48
University of Nevada, Las Vegas 9-1 Nevada 44 38
Morning Consult 9-1 National 52 43
Morning Consult 9-1 National 51 43
Morning Consult 9-1 Texas 47 48
Morning Consult 9-1 Florida 49 47
Morning Consult 9-1 Pennsylvania 49 45
Morning Consult 9-1 National 51 43
Morning Consult 9-1 North Carolina 49 47
Morning Consult 9-1 Ohio 45 50
Morning Consult 9-1 Minnesota 50 43
Morning Consult 9-1 Florida 50 45
Morning Consult 9-1 Georgia 49 46
Morning Consult 9-1 Michigan 50 44
Morning Consult 9-1 Georgia 46 47
Morning Consult 9-1 Colorado 51 41
Morning Consult 9-1 Wisconsin 52 43
Morning Consult 9-1 Michigan 52 42
Morning Consult 9-1 Arizona 52 42
Morning Consult 9-1 Colorado 51 41
Morning Consult 9-1 Texas 46 47
Morning Consult 9-1 Minnesota 50 42
Morning Consult 9-1 Ohio 45 49
Morning Consult 9-1 North Carolina 49 46
Morning Consult 9-1 Pennsylvania 50 44
Morning Consult 9-1 Arizona 45 47
USC Dornsife 9-1 National 51 41
USC Dornsife 9-1 National 51 41
Léger 9-1 National 49 42
AtlasIntel 9-1 National 49 46
Emerson College 8-31 National 51 48
RMG Research 8-31 National 48 44
Global Strategy Group 8-31 Pennsylvania 53 43
Global Strategy Group 8-31 Pennsylvania 50 42
Public Policy Polling 8-31 Georgia 47 46
Harris Insights & Analytics 8-31 National 47 38
GQR Research (GQRR) 8-31 Pennsylvania 52 43
Trafalgar Group 8-31 Missouri 41 51
USC Dornsife 8-31 National 53 40
USC Dornsife 8-31 National 52 40
John Zogby Strategies 8-30 National 45 42
John Zogby Strategies 8-30 National 48 42
USC Dornsife 8-30 National 54 39
USC Dornsife 8-30 National 53 39

Election Predictions

Prognosticators

Prognosticators are folks who make projected electoral maps, often on the strength of educated guesses as well as inside information in some cases from campaigns sharing internals with the teams involved. Below are a few of these prognosticators and their assessment of the state of the race:

Polling Models

Polling models are similar to prognosticators (and often the model authors will act like pundits as well), but tend to be about making "educated guesses" on the state of the election. Generally, the models are structured to take in data such as polls and electoral fundamentals, and make a guess based on research on prior elections as to the state of the race in each state. Below are a few of the more prominent models that are online or expected to be online soon:

Prediction Markets

Prediction markets are betting markets where people put money on the line to estimate the likelihood of one party winning a seat or state. Most of these markets will also tend to move depending on polling and other socioeconomic factors in the same way that prognosticators and models will work. Predictit and Election Betting Odds are prominent in this space, although RealClearPolitics has an aggregate of other betting sites as well.
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2020.09.03 20:47 caivs_crassvs iPad Pro Notability Line Breaks. Anybody Else Experience This?

I’ve been using notability on my 12.9” iPad Pro 2020 with the Apple Pencil 2 since May and now that my fall semester has started I’m spending practically all day taking notes on it and consolidating PDFs for classing that I’m beginning to notice some annoying issues.
I have noticed 3 different glitches related to the writing experience that are beginning to affect my productivity keeping good real-time notes. Every couple of sentences, there is an annoying, noticeable line break in letters of a word that is rather bothersome. It’s not a huge deal, but it is definitely something that slows me down if I want my writing to look good. The second is what I would call false line placement. This one has a wide range to it. It could be anywhere from butchering the curves on the letter or graphic I was drawing to creating these straight lines that extend way down the page along with little line shrapnel scattered around where my tip was located. Lastly, sometimes it fails to register a stroke. I’ll be writing a word only to find out that it missed a letter.
I am nearly certain neither my iPad nor the Pencil are at fault. I have used procreate and other PDF editors that have had no such issues like what I’ve described. All of those work flawlessly. I have also power cycled the device and have not seen anything change.
Any suggestions on if there is way to solve this or what the cause may be? Has anybody else had this issue? I’m nearly at wits end on this one.
submitted by caivs_crassvs to iPadPro [link] [comments]


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